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U+6CE1, 泡
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6CE1

[U+6CE0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6CE2]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 水心口山 (EPRU), four-corner 37112, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 617, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17307
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1012, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1591, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6CE1

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
泡-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*buː
*buː, *buːs
*buː
*buːʔ
*buːs, *mɯnʔ
*buːs
*pruː
*pruː
*pruː, *pʰruː
*pruː
*pruː, *bu, *bu
*pruːʔ
*pʰruː, *m̥ʰruːs, *bruː
*pʰruːs, *bruː
*pʰruːs, *bruːs
*pʰruːs, *bruːs
*bruː, *bruːɡ
*bruː
*bruː
*bruː
*bruː
*bruː
*bruː
*bruː, *bruːs
*bruː, *bruːɡ
*bruː, *pʰruːɡ
*bruː, *bruːʔ, *bruːs, *pʰruːɡ
*bruːʔ
*bruːʔ, *bruːs, *bruːɡ, *pʰoːɡ
*bu
*bruːɡ
*bruːɡ

Pronunciation 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms classifier


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (2) (3)
Final () (90) (90)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʰˠau/ /bˠau/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʰᵚau/ /bᵚau/
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰau/ /bau/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pʰaɨw/ /baɨw/
Li
Rong
/pʰau/ /bau/
Wang
Li
/pʰau/ /bau/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰau/ /bʱau/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
pāo páo
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 3/3
No. 278 296
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pʰruː/ /*bruː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Name of a river.
  2. small lake
  3. Classifier for excreta.

Pronunciation 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

Note:
  • pou5 - “bubble”;
  • paau1 - “bulb”, e.g. 燈泡.
  • Hakka
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • pho - etymologically unrelated, meaning “bubble; saliva”.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (2)
    Final () (90)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pʰˠau/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pʰᵚau/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /pʰau/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pʰaɨw/
    Li
    Rong
    /pʰau/
    Wang
    Li
    /pʰau/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pʰau/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    pāo
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    No. 278
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pʰruː/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. bubble
    2. bubblelike or bulbous object
    3. blister
    4. (Taiwanese Hokkien) saliva; spit

    Pronunciation 3[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    variant forms 𣶐 to soak


    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    No. 283
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m̥ʰruːs/
    Notes 𣶐

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to soak
    2. (informal) to pick up; to meet and seduce for romantic purposes

    Pronunciation 4[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Definitions[edit]

    1. abundant

    Pronunciation 5[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    variant forms

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Min Nan) light and crisp

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. bubbles

    Readings[edit]

    • On (unclassified): ほう (, Jōyō)
    • Kun: あわ (awa, , Jōyō)

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    あわ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi
    EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あわ, rōmaji awa)

    1. bubble
    2. foam, head on carbonated beverages such as beer

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (po) (hangeul , revised po, McCune–Reischauer p'o, Yale pho)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (bàu, bảo, bào, bầu, phao)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.