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U+8DD1, 跑
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8DD1

[U+8DD0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8DD2]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 157, +5, 12 strokes, cangjie input 口一心口山 (RMPRU), four-corner 67112, composition𧾷)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1223, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 37461
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1695, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3697, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+8DD1

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *bruː, *bruːɡ): semantic  (foot) + phonetic  (OC *pruː).

Etymology 1[edit]

Compare Proto-Loloish *paw¹ (to flee) (Schuessler, 2007).

The computing sense is a semantic loan from English run.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: pâu - rare, literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰɑu²¹⁴/
Harbin /pʰau²¹³/
Tianjin /pʰɑu¹³/
Jinan /pʰɔ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /pʰɔ⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /pʰau⁵³/
Xi'an /pʰau²⁴/ ~腿
/pʰau⁵³/ ~電
Xining /pʰɔ⁵³/
Yinchuan /pʰɔ⁵³/
Lanzhou /pʰɔ⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /pʰɔ⁵¹/
Wuhan /pʰau²¹³/
Chengdu /pʰau⁵³/
Guiyang /pʰao⁴²/
Kunming /pʰɔ⁵³/
Nanjing /pʰɔo²¹²/
Hefei /pʰɔ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /pʰau⁵³/
Pingyao /pʰɔ⁵³/
Hohhot /pʰɔ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /bɔ²³/
Suzhou /bæ¹³/
Hangzhou /bɔ²¹³/
Wenzhou /pʰuɔ³⁵/
Hui Shexian /pʰɔ⁴⁴/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /pʰau⁴¹/
Xiangtan /paɯ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /pʰɑu²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /pʰau⁴⁴/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰau³⁵/
Nanning /pʰau³⁵/
/pʰɛu³⁵/
Hong Kong /pʰau³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pʰau⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pʰau⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰau²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰau⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fau³⁵/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to run
  2. to run away; to flee
  3. (dialectal) to walk; to stroll; to go to
  4. to rush about; to make the rounds; to be busy
  5. to leak; to evaporate
  6. to go away; to be gone; to be lost
  7. (computing, colloquial) to run (a program)
  8. (Xiamen, Quanzhou, Zhangzhou Hokkien) well-liked; popular
  9. (Taiwanese Hokkien) to steal and run away
    / [Min Nan]  ―  pháu lâng ê chîⁿ [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  to steal other's money and run away
Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (3)
Final () (90)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bˠau/
Pan
Wuyun
/bᵚau/
Shao
Rongfen
/bau/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/baɨw/
Li
Rong
/bau/
Wang
Li
/bau/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱau/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
páo
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 284
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bruː/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. (of an animal) to paw the earth

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (3)
Final () (10)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bˠʌk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/bᵚɔk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/bɔk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/baɨwk̚/
Li
Rong
/bɔk̚/
Wang
Li
/bɔk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱɔk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 312
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bruːɡ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. run
  2. flee
  3. leave in hurry
  4. trot, trotting

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 허빌 (heobil po))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bão, bào)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.