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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

松 has a different meaning, but Simplified Chinese replaces 鬆 with 松.

Han character[edit]

(radical 190 +8, 18 strokes, cangjie input 尸竹木金戈 (SHDCI), four-corner 72932, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1455, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 45484
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1986, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4527, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+9B06

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /suŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /suŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /suŋ²¹/
Jinan /suŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /səŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /suŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /suŋ²¹/
Xining /suə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /suŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /sũn³¹/
Ürümqi /suŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /soŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /soŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /soŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /soŋ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /soŋ³¹/
Hefei /səŋ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /suəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /suŋ¹³/
Hohhot /sũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /soŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /soŋ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /soŋ³³/
Wenzhou /soŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /sʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /san¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /soŋ³³/
Xiangtan /sən³³/
Gan Nanchang /suŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /suŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /suŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /soŋ⁵³/
Nanning /ɬuŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /suŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sɔŋ⁵⁵/
/saŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /søyŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /soŋ³³/
/saŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /soŋ²³/
/taŋ²³/
/saŋ²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/4

Initial: (16)
Final: (5)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: sōng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/suoŋ/ /suoŋ/ /soŋ/ /sawŋ/ /soŋ/ /suoŋ/ /suoŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/4

Initial: (16)
Final: (7)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: sōng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/sɨoŋ/ /sioŋ/ /sioŋ/ /suawŋ/ /sioŋ/ /sĭwoŋ/ /si̯woŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 3/4

Initial: (14)
Final: (7)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: cōng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰɨoŋ/ /t͡sʰioŋ/ /t͡sʰioŋ/ /t͡sʰuawŋ/ /t͡sʰioŋ/ /t͡sʰĭwoŋ/ /t͡sʰi̯woŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 4/4

Initial: (16)
Final: (1)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: sòng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/suŋH/ /suŋH/ /suŋH/ /səwŋH/ /suŋH/ /suŋH/ /suŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4090 0 /*sqʰloːŋs/
4104 0 /*sqʰluːŋ/
4108 0 /*skʰloŋ/
4111 0 /*sqʰloŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. loose (not fixed in place tightly)
  2. loosen, relax

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(song) (hangeul , revised song, McCune-Reischauer song, Yale song)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tông)

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