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See also:
U+677E, 松
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-677E

[U+677D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+677F]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
8 strokes

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 75, +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 木金戈 (DCI), four-corner 48932, composition )

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 514, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14516
  • Dae Jaweon: page 901, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1173, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+677E

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sɢloŋ): semantic (wood) + phonetic (OC *kloːŋ).

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms

ancient
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • (Cantonese)

Miyake (1997), apud Schuessler (2007), associated (OC *sɢloŋ) with Old Japanese (sugi2, cryptomeria); superficially similar to Thai สน (sǒn, pine).

The regular Mandarin pronunciation as predicted from Middle Chinese is sóng. The sound change to the yinping (陰平阴平) pronunciation in Mandarin dialects is to avoid homophony with the word 𪨊 (sóng, “semen”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chêng/chhêng - vernacular (chêng is more common in Xiamen and Quanzhou);
  • siông - literary.
Note:
  • sêng5 - vernacular;
  • song5 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 松 (樹)
    Mandarin Beijing /suŋ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /suŋ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /suŋ²¹/
    Jinan /ɕyŋ²¹³/
    Qingdao /səŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /syuŋ²⁴/
    Xi'an /suŋ²¹/
    Xining /suə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /suŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /sũn³¹/
    Ürümqi /suŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /soŋ⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /soŋ⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /soŋ⁵⁵/
    Kunming /soŋ⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /soŋ³¹/
    Hefei /səŋ⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /suəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /suŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /sũŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /soŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /soŋ⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /soŋ³³/
    Wenzhou /jyɔ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰʌ̃⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /t͡sʰan⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /soŋ³³/
    /t͡soŋ¹³/
    Xiangtan /sən³³/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiuŋ²⁴/ ~毛
    /suŋ⁴²/ ~香
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰiuŋ¹¹/
    Taoyuan /suŋ¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰoŋ²¹/
    Nanning /t͡sʰuŋ²¹/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰuŋ²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siɔŋ³⁵/
    /t͡siŋ³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /syŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sœyŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /soŋ⁵⁵/
    /seŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /toŋ³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (17)
    Final () (7)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Baxter zjowng
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /zɨoŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /zioŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /zioŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /zuawŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /zioŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /zĭwoŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /zi̯woŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    sóng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    cung4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    sōng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ zjowng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sə.ɢoŋ/
    English pine (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4115
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sɢloŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. pine tree
    2. a surname, 216th in the Baijiaxing

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“disheveled; unkempt; loose; etc.”).
    (This character, , is the simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    References[edit]

    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai
    Kyūjitai
    [1][2][3]

    松󠄁
    +&#xE0101;?
    (Adobe-Japan1)
    松󠄃
    +&#xE0103;?
    (Hanyo-Denshi)
    (Moji_Joho)
    The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
    See here for details.

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    まつ
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (まつ) (matsuまつ (matu)?

    1. a pine tree
    2. a pine branch decorated for the celebration of New Year
    3. the highest rank of a 3-tier ranking system

    Coordinate terms[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (まつ) (Matsu

    1. a surname

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 白川静 (Shirakawa Shizuka) (2014), “”, in 字通 普及版 (Jitsū fukyūban, Jitsū trade edition)[1] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Heibonsha, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1914, 漢和大辭書 (Kanwa Dai Jisho, “The Great Kanji-Japanese Dictionary”) (in Japanese), page 1112 (paper), page 607 (digital), Tōkyō: 興文社 (Kōbunsha)
    3. ^ 1927, 新漢和辭典 (Shin Kanwa Jiten, “The New Kanji-Japanese Dictionary”) (in Japanese), page 669 (paper), page 347 (digital), Ōsaka: 松雲堂 (Shōundō)
    4. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    5. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    6. ^ 2011, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Seventh Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 소나무 (sonamu song))

    1. pine

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: tùng, thông, tòng

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Zhuang[edit]

    Numeral[edit]

    1. Sawndip form of song