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See also:
U+677E, 松
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-677E

[U+677D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+677F]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75, +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 木金戈 (DCI), four-corner 48932, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 514, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14516
  • Dae Jaweon: page 901, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1173, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+677E

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qroːŋʔ
*kluːnʔ
*kluːnʔ
*kluːnʔ
*kluːnʔ
*sʰloːŋ
*sqʰloːŋs, *sqʰluːŋ, *skʰloŋ, *sqʰloŋ
*sqʰloːŋs, *sqʰloŋ, *sɢloŋ
*kloːŋ
*kloːŋ, *kljoŋ
*qloːŋ
*qloːŋ
*qloːŋ, *qloːŋʔ
*qloːŋ
*qloːŋʔ
*qloːŋʔ
*qloːŋʔ
*qloːŋʔ
*qloːŋs
*sqʰluŋ
*sqʰluŋ
*sqʰluŋ
*sqʰloŋ, *sɢloŋ
*sqʰloŋ
*sqʰloŋ
*sɢloŋ
*sɢloŋ, *sɢloŋs
*sɢloŋs, *loŋ
*kljoŋ
*kljoŋ
*kljoŋ
*kljoŋ
*kljoŋ
*kljoŋ
*kljoŋ, *lon

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sɢloŋ): semantic  (wood) + phonetic  (OC *kloːŋ).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms


Wikipedia has an article on:

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chêng/chhêng - vernacular (chêng is more common in Xiamen and Quanzhou);
  • siông - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 松 (樹)
    Mandarin Beijing /suŋ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /suŋ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /suŋ²¹/
    Jinan /ɕyŋ²¹³/
    Qingdao /səŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /syuŋ²⁴/
    Xi'an /suŋ²¹/
    Xining /suə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /suŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /sũn³¹/
    Ürümqi /suŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /soŋ⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /soŋ⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /soŋ⁵⁵/
    Kunming /soŋ⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /soŋ³¹/
    Hefei /səŋ⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /suəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /suŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /sũŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /soŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /soŋ⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /soŋ³³/
    Wenzhou /jyɔ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰʌ̃⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /t͡sʰan⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /soŋ³³/
    /t͡soŋ¹³/
    Xiangtan /sən³³/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiuŋ²⁴/ ~毛
    /suŋ⁴²/ ~香
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰiuŋ¹¹/
    Taoyuan /suŋ¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰoŋ²¹/
    Nanning /t͡sʰuŋ²¹/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰuŋ²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siɔŋ³⁵/
    /t͡siŋ³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /syŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sœyŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /soŋ⁵⁵/
    /seŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /toŋ³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (17)
    Final () (7)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /zɨoŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /zioŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /zioŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /zuawŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /zioŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /zĭwoŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /zi̯woŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    sóng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    sōng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ zjowng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sə.ɢoŋ/
    English pine (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4115
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sɢloŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. pine tree
    2. fir tree
    3. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“loose; to loosen; to relax; etc.”).
    (This character, , is the simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    まつ
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi
    EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana まつ, rōmaji matsu)

    1. a pine tree
    2. a pine branch decorated for the celebration of New Year
    3. the highest rank of a 3-tier ranking system

    Coordinate terms[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana まつ, rōmaji Matsu)

    1. A surname​.

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (song) (hangeul , revised song, McCune–Reischauer song, Yale song)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (tùng, thông, tòng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.