Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: and
U+6885, 梅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6885

[U+6884]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6886]
U+FA44, 梅
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA44

[U+FA43]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA45]
梅 U+2F8E2, 梅
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F8E2
桒
[U+2F8E1]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 𣑭
[U+2F8E3]

Translingual[edit]

Commons:Category
Wikimedia Commons has more media related to:
Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

In Chinese, Korean and Vietnamese scripts, the right side component is written (contains with 2 dots). In Japanese shinjitai, the component is simplified to (contains with a single middle stroke). Due to Han unification, both characters (/) are encoded under the same Unicode codepoint. A CJK compatibility ideograph (U+FA44) exists for the kyūjitai form of .

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +7 in Chinese, 木+6 in Japanese, in Chinese 11 strokes, in Japanese 10 strokes, cangjie input 木人田卜 (DOWY), four-corner 48957, composition(GHTKV) or ⿰(J))

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 528, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14795
  • Dae Jaweon: page 916, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1215, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+6885

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has an article on:
梅姓

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
mɯːs, *mɯː, *mɯːs
mlɯːʔ, *mɯːʔ
hmlɯːʔ
ʔmɯː, *ʔmɯːʔ
mɯʔ
mɯʔ
mɯʔ
mɯʔ, *mɯs, *maːʔ
mɯʔ
mɯʔ
mɯs, *mɯːʔ, *mɯːs
mɯs, *mɯː, *mɯːs
mrɯʔ, *mrɯŋʔ
mrɯŋʔ
mrɯŋʔ
ma
mɯː
mɯː
mɯː
mɯːʔ
mɯːs
mɯːs, *hmɯːs
hmɯːs
hmɯːs
hmɯːʔ, *hmɯːs
mrɯl

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mɯː): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *mɯːʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou, Zhangzhou:
    • m̂ - vernacular;
    • mûi/bôe - literary.
  • mainstream Taiwan:
    • môe/m̂ - vernacular;
    • mûi - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /mei³⁵/
Harbin /mei²⁴/
Tianjin /mei⁴⁵/
Jinan /mei⁴²/
Qingdao /me⁴²/
Zhengzhou /mei⁴²/
Xi'an /mei²⁴/
Xining /mɨ²⁴/
Yinchuan /mei⁵³/
Lanzhou /mei⁵³/
Ürümqi /mei⁵¹/
Wuhan /mei²¹³/
Chengdu /mei³¹/
Guiyang /mei²¹/
Kunming /mei³¹/
Nanjing /məi²⁴/
Hefei /me⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /mei¹¹/
Pingyao /mæ¹³/
Hohhot /mei³¹/
Wu Shanghai /me²³/
Suzhou /me̞¹³/
Hangzhou /mei²¹³/
Wenzhou /mai³¹/
Hui Shexian /mɛ⁴⁴/
Tunxi /mə⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /mei¹³/
Xiangtan /məi¹²/
Gan Nanchang /mi⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /moi¹¹/
Taoyuan /moi¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /mui²¹/
Nanning /mui²¹/
Hong Kong /mui²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /mui³⁵/
/m³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /muoi⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /mo³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /bue⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /vue³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (42)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/muʌi/
Pan
Wuyun
/muoi/
Shao
Rongfen
/muɒi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mwəj/
Li
Rong
/muᴀi/
Wang
Li
/muɒi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/muɑ̆i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
méi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
méi
Middle
Chinese
‹ mwoj ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.mˤə/
English plum tree

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9302
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mɯː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Chinese plum
  2. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
うめ
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

Probably from /mume/, from Sinitic (Middle Chinese /muʌi/, Old Chinese /*mɯː/). Compare (uma) (Middle Chinese /mˠaX/ invalid IPA characters (X), Old Chinese /*mraːʔ/).

(Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana うめ, katakana ウメ, rōmaji ume)

  1. a Japanese plum or Japanese apricot, Prunus mume
  2. the lowest of a 3 level rank system

Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as ウメ.

Derived terms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana うめ, rōmaji Ume)

  1. A female given name.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(mae) (hangeul , revised mae, McCune-Reischauer mae, Yale may)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(mai)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

Adjective[edit]