松竹梅

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Chinese[edit]

pine bamboo plum flower
trad. (松竹梅)
simp. #(松竹梅)
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Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

松竹梅

  1. pine, bamboo and plum, the three plants which do not wither in winter; the Three Friends of Winter; symbols of resilience and perseverance

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (松竹梅):
  • Japanese: 松竹梅(しょうちくばい) (shōchikubai)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: 4
ちく
Grade: 1
ばい
Grade: 4
kan’on
Alternative spelling
松竹梅 (kyūjitai)
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Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Middle Chinese 松竹梅 (MC zɨoŋ ʈɨuk̚ muʌi). First cited to a text from 1359.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Tokyo) しょーちくばい [shòóchíkúꜜbàì] (Nakadaka – [4])[2]
  • (Tokyo) しょーちくばい [shòóchíꜜkùbàì] (Nakadaka – [3])[2]
  • IPA(key): [ɕo̞ːt͡ɕikɯ̟ᵝba̠i]

Noun[edit]

(しょう)(ちく)(ばい) (shōchikubai

  1. the pine, bamboo, and plum as a set; the three auspicious symbols of the Japanese New Year
    the pine represents strength, the bamboo represents longevity, and the plum represents beauty and optimism
  2. a three-rank system based on grades or classes of certain items

See also[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(しょう)(ちく)(ばい) (Shōchikubai

  1. name of a late-Edo period 箏曲 (sōkyoku, koto song)
  2. name of various 長唄 (nagauta)
  3. name of a 河東節 (katō-bushi) (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
  4. name of a rakugo
  5. name of a brand of sake (branded as “Sho Chiku Bai” in English)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, text here
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN