松竹梅

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Chinese[edit]

pine bamboo plum flower
simp. and trad.
(松竹梅)
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Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

松竹梅

  1. pine, bamboo and plum, the plants which do not wither in winter; the Three Friends of Winter; symbols of resilience, perseverance

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: 4
ちく
Grade: 1
ばい
Grade: 4
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 松竹梅 (MC zɨoŋ ʈɨuk̚ muʌi). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Transmitted to Japan during the Nara period.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

松竹梅 (hiragana しょうちくばい, rōmaji shōchikubai)

  1. the pine, bamboo, and plum as a set; the three auspicious symbols of the Japanese New Year.
    the pine represents strength, the bamboo represents longevity, and the plum represents beauty and optimism.
  2. a three-rank system based on grades or classes of certain items
  3. waiting too long in an 鰻屋 (unagi-ya, eel restaurant) (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

See also[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

松竹梅 (hiragana しょうちくばい, rōmaji Shōchikubai)

  1. name of a late-Edo period 箏曲 (sōkyoku, koto song)
  2. name of various 長唄 (nagauta)
  3. name of a 河東節 (katō-bushi) (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
  4. name of a rakugo
  5. name of a brand of sake ("Sho Chiku Bai" in English)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Further reading[edit]