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U+59C6, 姆
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-59C6

[U+59C5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+59C7]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 38, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 女田卜戈 (VWYI), four-corner 47450, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 258, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6159
  • Dae Jaweon: page 523, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1041, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+59C6

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mɯʔ, *mɯs, *maːʔ): semantic (female) + phonetic (OC *mɯʔ).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • bió/bó͘ - literary;
  • bú/bó - vernacular;
  • ḿ - vernacular (俗).
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (137)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /məuH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /məuH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /məuH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /məwH/
    Li
    Rong
    /muH/
    Wang
    Li
    /məuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mə̯uH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    mòu
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    mau6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ muwX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*məʔ/
    English female teacher in harem

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
    No. 9290 9293 9300
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mɯʔ/ /*mɯs/ /*maːʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. female tutor who teaches women "female virtues" (in feudal China)
    2. woman who looks after small children

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 姆媽姆妈 (m̄mā).

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. wet nurse

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (mo) (hangeul , revised mo, McCune–Reischauer mo)

    1. child's governess
    2. matron

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: mỗ, mẫu

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.