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Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai MO.png
U+3082, も
HIRAGANA LETTER MO

[U+3081]
Hiragana
[U+3083]

Japanese[edit]

Stroke order
3 strokes

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.

Syllable[edit]

(romaji mo)

  1. The hiragana syllable (mo). Its equivalent in katakana is (mo). It is the thirty-fifth syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (ma-gyō o-dan, row ma, section o).
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Particle[edit]

(rōmaji mo)

  1. too, also, so
    田中 (たなか)さんはビールを ()んでいる。スミスさん ()んでいる。
    Tanaka-san wa bīru o nondeiru. Sumisu-san mo nondeiru.
    Tanaka is drinking beer. Smith is drinking it, too.
    本日 (ほんじつ)来店 (らいてん)くださいまして、ありがとうございます。
    Honjitsu mo go-raiten kudasaimashite, arigatō gozaimasu.
    Thank you for visiting our store today as well as other days.
     (わたし) ()れた。
    Watashi ni mo kureta.
    She gave some to me, too.
    カクレンジャーハリケンジャーニンニンジャースーパー戦隊 (せんたい)だ。
    Kakurenjā mo harikenjā mo ninninjā mo sūpā sentai da.
    The Kakurangers, the Hurricanegers and the Ninningers are also Super Sentai.
  2. not even
     (はこ) (なか)には (なに)なかった。
    Hako no naka ni wa nani mo nakatta.
    The box was empty.
    (literally, “Inside the box was not even anything.”)
    • 1904 or 1905, 小林清親, 百撰百笑
      露國 (ろこく)海陸軍 (かいりくぐん)は、日本軍 ()一度 (ほんぐんにいちど) () (こと)なく、…
      Rokoku no kairikugun wa, Nihongun ni ichido mo katsu koto naku, …
      Russia's navy and army is, without winning against the Japanese army even once, []
  3. Inserted between (te) and a negative suffix for emphasis.
    まさか () () ()とは (おも)っていませんでした。
    Masaka jiko ni au to wa omotte mo imasen deshita.
    Never in my wildest dreams would I have imagined that I would be in an accident.
Usage notes[edit]
  • (mo) always replaces (wa), (o) and (ga), but may follow other particles.
See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

(rōmaji mo)

  1. : algae
  2. : mourning