also

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See also: alsó

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English also, alswo, alswa (also als(e), as, whence English as), from Old English ealswā, eallswā (completely so, additionally, just as, just so, even as, even so, as, as if, so, so as, likewise, also; likewise, in just the same way), equivalent to all +‎ so. Cognate with Scots alsa, alswa (also, even so, in the same way, as, as well), Saterland Frisian also (accordingly, therefore, thus), West Frisian alsa (so, just so, even so, thus), Old Saxon alsō (similarly, as if, just as, when), Dutch alzo (so, thus), German also (so, thus), Danish altså (so), Norwegian Nynorsk altso (so, accordingly, therefore, thus), Swedish alltså (so, therefore, accordingly, thus, then). See all, so, as.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

also (not comparable)

  1. (conjunctive, focus) In addition; besides; as well; further; too. [from 14th c.]
    They had porridge for breakfast, and also toast.
    • 1905, Bertrand Russell, On Denoting
      The subject of denoting is of very great importance, not only in logic and mathematics, but also in the theory of knowledge.
    • 1913, Mrs. [Marie] Belloc Lowndes, chapter I, in The Lodger, London: Methuen, OCLC 7780546; republished in Novels of Mystery: The Lodger; The Story of Ivy; What Really Happened, New York, N.Y.: Longmans, Green and Co., 55 Fifth Avenue, [1933], OCLC 2666860, page 0016:
      Thus the red damask curtains which now shut out the fog-laden, drizzling atmosphere of the Marylebone Road, had cost a mere song, and yet they might have been warranted to last another thirty years. A great bargain also had been the excellent Axminster carpet which covered the floor; [].
    • 2013 May-June, Katrina G. Claw, “Rapid Evolution in Eggs and Sperm”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 3:
      Many genes with reproductive roles also have antibacterial and immune functions, which indicate that the threat of microbial attack on the sperm or egg may be a major influence on rapid evolution during reproduction.
  2. (obsolete) To the same degree or extent; so, as. [14th-15th c.]
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, chapter xvj, in Le Morte Darthur, book XVII:
      IN suche maner they kepte launcelot four and twenty dayes and also many nyghtes that euer he laye stylle as a dede man / and at the xxv daye byfelle hym after myddaye that he opened his eyen
    • c. 1709, John Strype, Annals of the Reformation and Establishment of Religion
      [] thereupon the queen's majesty [] did send a solemn ambassade of her privy-counsellors, whereof one was an ancient earl of the realm, the other also an ancient baron of the same, and others of the council of her state []

Synonyms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The adverb also can go in various places within a sentence, with minimal change of meaning.

  • The golf courses are excellent. Also, the tennis courts are fantastic.
  • The golf courses are excellent and the tennis courts are fantastic also.
  • Not only are the golf courses excellent but also the tennis courts are fantastic.
  • There are not just excellent golf courses here. There are also fantastic tennis courts.

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

also!

  1. so!; all right!; used as a lead-in or to start a new topic.

Adverb[edit]

also

  1. so
  2. thus

Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German also.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

also

  1. so
  2. thus, therefore

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch alsō, from al + .

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

alsô

  1. so, thus
  2. also, to the same degree

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Dutch: alzo

Further reading[edit]

  • also (I)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • also (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000

Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929), “also (I)”, in Middelniederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN, page I

Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929), “also (II)”, in Middelniederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN, page II


Old Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From al +‎ .

Adverb[edit]

also

  1. so, thus
  2. so, to that degree
  3. therefore

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • alsō (I)”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Conjunction[edit]

alsō

  1. as, like
  2. as if
  3. when
  4. because
  5. so that

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • alsō (II)”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Saterland Frisian[edit]

Adverb[edit]

also

  1. so; thus; therefore; accordingly
  2. for that reason; hence

Tagalog[edit]

Noun[edit]

also

  1. silver-spotted gray snapper (Lutianus argentimaculatus)

Volapük[edit]

Adverb[edit]

also

  1. so
  2. thus