де

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Bulgarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Contraction of къде́ (kǎdé).

Conjunction[edit]

де (de)

  1. (colloquial) where
    Synonym: къде́ (kǎdé)

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Interjection[edit]

де (de) (colloquial)

  1. indeed (to emphasize a statement)
    де да знамde da znamindeed I know
  2. no way (to deny a statement)
  3. come on (to express encouragement, used at the end of a clause)
    върви́ де!vǎrví de!come on, go!
  4. to express clarification, used at the end of a clause
    Пе́тър, брат ми де, дойде́.Pétǎr, brat mi de, dojdé.Peter, my brother that is, came.

Chechen[edit]

Noun[edit]

де (declass dd

  1. day

Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek δή (dḗ).

Particle[edit]

де (de)

  1. A particle expressing nonchalance, used to emphasize that something is irrelevant, already known, or expected.
    - Си купив нови очила.
    - Знам де, ми се пофали веќе.
    - Si kupiv novi očila.
    - Znam de, mi se pofali veḱe.
    - I have bought new glasses.
    - I know, you already boasted to me about it earlier.
    - Кога ќе ги сретнеме пак, ќе им се пожалиме.
    - Да де.
    - Koga ḱe gi sretneme pak, ḱe im se požalime.
    - Da de.
    - When we meet them again, we'll complain to them.
    - Yes, I know.
    Само се сопнав де - не е дека скршив нешто.Samo se sopnav de - ne e deka skršiv nešto.I just tripped - it's not as if I fractured something.

See also[edit]


Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic дѣеть (děetĭ, to say).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [dʲe]
  • (file)

Particle[edit]

де (de)

  1. (colloquial) says (used informally to mark reported speech)
    Она́-де не зна́ла.Oná-de ne znála.She says she didn’t know.
    Я-де сам винова́тJa-de sam vinovátI say it's my own fault.
    Synonyms: говори́т (govorít), говоря́т (govorját), де́скать (déskatʹ), мол (mol)

Rusyn[edit]

Adverb[edit]

де (de)

  1. where
    Сформованя школьской системы в регіонах, де вни жыють.
    Sformovanja školʹskoj systemŷ v rehionax, de vny žŷjutʹ.
    Formation of the school system in the places where they live.

Ukrainian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kъde.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

де (de)

  1. (interrogative) where
    Де ти тепер мешкаєш?
    De ty teper meškaješ?
    Where do you live now?

Further reading[edit]

  • де in Bilodid, I. K., editor (1970–1980) Slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy, Kiev: Naukova Dumka