надо

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See also: надо-

Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈnadə]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -adə
  • IPA: ['na:] (fast or careless speech)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old East Slavic надъ (nadŭ), надо (nado), from Proto-Slavic *nadъ.

Preposition[edit]

на́до (nádo) (+ instrumental case)

  1. (variant of над (nad) before words beginning with certain awkward consonant clusters such as мн-) above, over
    на́до мнойnádo mnojabove me

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old East Slavic надо (nado), надобѣ (nadobě), from dative/locative singular of надоба (nadoba), from Proto-Slavic *nadoba, from *na- +‎ *doba.

Predicative[edit]

на́до (nádo)

  1. (one) must, (it is) necessary
  2. one needs, one wants, one has to
    Мне на́до уйти́.Mne nádo ujtí.I have to leave.
    Так ему́ и на́до!Tak jemú i nádo!He deserves it!
    на́до быnádo by(one) ought to

Usage notes[edit]

The word combination, не на́до, is used in combination with imperfective infinitive verbs. For example,

Не на́до печа́литься.Ne nádo pečálitʹsja.There is no need to be sad.
Не на́до держа́ть отве́т.Ne nádo deržátʹ otvét.There is no need to answer.
Не на́до бы́ло пуга́ть бе́лок.Ne nádo býlo pugátʹ bélok.There was no need to scare the squirrels.

Descendants[edit]

  • Southern Yukaghir: надо (nado)
  • Yakut: наада (naada)

References[edit]


Southern Yukaghir[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Russian на́до (nádo).

Pronunciation[edit]

Predicative[edit]

надо (nado)

  1. it is necessary that

References[edit]

  • Elena Maslova (2003) A Grammar of Kolyma Yukaghir, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, →ISBN, page 26

Tundra Nenets[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Uralic *nataw.

Noun[edit]

надо (nado)

  1. brother-in-law
  2. cousin