надо

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See also: надо-

Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old East Slavic надъ (nadŭ), надо (nado), from Proto-Slavic *nadъ

Preposition[edit]

на́до (nádo) (+ instrumental case)

  1. (variant of над (nad) before words beginning with certain awkward consonant clusters such as мн-) above, over
    на́до мнойnádo mnojabove me

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old East Slavic надо (nado), надобѣ (nadobě), from Dative/Locative singular of надоба (nadoba), from Proto-Slavic *nadoba, from *na- +‎ *doba

Predicative[edit]

на́до (nádo)

  1. (one) must, (it is) necessary
  2. need, want, have to
    Мне на́до уйти́.Mne nádo ujtí.I have to leave.
    Так ему́ и на́до!Tak jemú i nádo!Serves him right!
    на́до быnádo by(one) ought to

Usage notes[edit]

The word combination, не на́до, is used in combination with imperfective infinitive verbs. For example,

Не на́до печа́литься.Ne nádo pečálitʹsja.There is no need to be sad.
Не на́до держа́ть отве́т.Ne nádo deržátʹ otvét.There is no need to answer.
Не на́до бы́ло пуга́ть бе́лок.Ne nádo býlo pugátʹ bélok.There was no need to scare the squirrels.

References[edit]


Tundra Nenets[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Uralic *nataw.

Noun[edit]

надо (nado)

  1. brother-in-law
  2. cousin