не

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Belarusian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ня ‎(nja) (only as unstressed particle, nonstandard in writing, common in pronunciation)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ne, from Proto-Indo-European *ne.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

не ‎(nje)

  1. no (word used to indicate disagreement or negative)

Particle[edit]

не ‎(nje)

  1. not

Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ne, from Proto-Indo-European *ne.

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

не ‎(ne)

  1. used to show disagreement or negation, no
    Не, грешиш.‎ ― Ne, grešiš. ― No, you are mistaken.
    Не, сега не може да гледаш телевизия.‎ ― Ne, sega ne može da gledaš televizija. ― No, you may not watch television now.
  2. used to negate the meaning of the following word or phrase, not, n't
    Не знам.‎ ― Ne znam. ― I don't know.
    Не мога.‎ ― Ne moga. ― I can't.
    Мария не им даде възможност да се извинят.‎ ― Marija ne im dade vǎzmožnost da se izvinjat. ― Maria didn't give them a change to apologize.
    Не Мария им даде възможност да се извинят.‎ ― Ne Marija im dade vǎzmožnost da se izvinjat. ― It was not Maria who gave them a chance to apologize. (Someone else did.)
    Не на тях Мария даде възможност да се извинят.‎ ― Ne na tjah Marija dade vǎzmožnost da se izvinjat. ― It was not to them that Maria gave a chance to apologize. (She gave it to someone else.)
    Не възможност да се извинят им даде Мария.‎ ― Ne vǎzmožnost da se izvinjat im dade Marija. ― It was not a chance to apologize that Maria gave them. (She gave them something else.)
    Не да се извинят им даде възможност Мария.‎ ― Ne da se izvinjat im dade vǎzmožnost Marija. ― It was not a chance to apologize that Maria gave them. (She gave them a chance to do something else.)

Macedonian[edit]

Adverb[edit]

не ‎(ne)

  1. no

Particle[edit]

не ‎(ne)

  1. not

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ne, from Proto-Indo-European *ne.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [nʲɪ]
  • IPA(key): [nʲɪ] (only when unstressed)
  • (file)
  • Homophone: ни ‎(ni) (when unstressed)

Particle[edit]

не ‎(ne)

  1. (negative in full) not, no, -n't, without
    Он не зна́ет‎ ― On ne znájet ― He does not know.
    не долете́в до це́ли‎ ― ne doletév do céli ― without reaching the target
    он не ге́ний‎ ― on ne génij ― he is no genius
    Не де́лай э́того!‎ ― Ne délaj étovo! ― Don’t do it!
    Не говори́ ни сло́ва!‎ ― Ne govorí ni slóva! ― don’t say a word!
  2. Idiomatic negative usage
    (мне) не по себе́‎ ― (mne) ne po sebé ― (I) feel sick; (I) feel uncomfortable
    не раз‎ ― ne raz ― more than once; time and again; repeatedly; many a time
    Я ви́дел вас не раз.‎ ― Ja vídel vas ne raz. ― I have seen you often.
    тем не ме́нее‎ ― tem ne méneje ― nevertheless
  3. (partial negative) perhaps not, whether ... or not
    Сча́стье не сча́стье, но что́-то похо́жее.‎ ― Sčástʹje ne sčástʹje, no štó-to poxóžeje. ― Perhaps not happiness, but something very much like it.
    Хо́чешь не хо́чешь, а придётся сде́лать.‎ ― Xóčešʹ ne xóčešʹ, a pridjótsja sdélatʹ. ― like it or not, you’ll have to do it.
  4. will never (implying impossibility to do something)
    Ему́ э́того не сде́лать.‎ ― Jemú étovo ne sdélatʹ. ― He will never do it.
  5. (usually not translated, gives affirmative meaning for expression, especially in exclamations)
    Како́й ру́сский не лю́бит бы́строй езды́!‎ ― Kakój rússkij ne ljúbit býstroj jezdý! ― Every Russian likes to drive (a car) fast!
    Кто не лю́бит пое́сть!‎ ― Kto ne ljúbit pojéstʹ! ― Everyone likes a good meal!

Prefix[edit]

With prepositions and pronouns не actually is a prefix, in spite of the fact that it is written separately.

Examples:

  1. не́ с кем ‎(né s kem, from) → не́кем ‎(nékem)
  2. не́ из чего́ ‎(né iz čevó, from) → не́чего ‎(néčevo)

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ne, from Proto-Indo-European *ne.

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

не (Latin spelling ne)

  1. not (denoting negation)
    Не знам.‎ ― I don't know.
    Он је не само даровит, већ и јако марљив.‎ ― He is not only talented, but also very industrious.
    хтео-не хтео‎ ― whether you want it or not
    Да не спаваш?‎ ― Aren't you sleeping?
    Не могу, а да не...‎ ― I cannot but...
    рећи не‎ ― to say no, refuse, decline
    не мање него...‎ ― no less then...
    не доћи‎ ― to fail to come, not come
    ... Зар не?‎ ― ... Aren't you? (Do you?, Don't you?)

Interjection[edit]

не (Latin spelling ne)

  1. no
    Да ли си демократа? Не!‎ ― Are you a democrat? No!

Synonyms[edit]

  • јок (dialectal, from Turkish)

Antonyms[edit]


Tajik[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Russian не ‎(ne).

Adverb[edit]

не ‎(ne)

  1. (informal) no

See also[edit]


Ukrainian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

не ‎(ne)

  1. not