𐌽𐌹

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Gothic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *ne, from Proto-Indo-European *ne (β€œnot”).

Particle[edit]

𐌽𐌹 β€’ (ni)

  1. not

Usage notes[edit]

This word was a general negation particle, and always preceded the word that it negated. Since imperative forms of verbs were generally placed first in the sentence, the particle could not precede it. If the imperative form of a verb was to be negated, the subjunctive was used instead. Use before πŒΉπƒπ„ (ist, β€œis”) yielded the contraction πŒ½πŒΉπƒπ„ (nist).

Related terms[edit]