знать

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Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old East Slavic знати (znati), from Proto-Slavic *znati, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *źnōˀtei, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵnéh₃t (to know, get to know), from *ǵneh₃-, whence English know, cunning, kenning, canny, note, recognize, ignore and gnostic.

Other cognates include Sanskrit ज्ञा (jñā, to know).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [znatʲ]
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

знать (znatʹimpf (perfective узна́ть, verbal noun зна́ние)

  1. to know: to be familiar with or accustomed to a person, place, or thing
    Я её хорошо́ зна́ю.Ja jejó xorošó znáju.I know her well.
    Я хорошо́ зна́ю матема́тику.Ja xorošó znáju matemátiku.I know math well.
  2. to know: to be in possession of a specific fact or datum
    Я зна́ю, где он живёт.Ja znáju, gde on živjót.I know where he lives.
    Я зна́ю, ско́лько два плюс два.Ja znáju, skólʹko dva pljus dva.I know how much two plus two is.
    Я не зна́ю, когда́ э́то бы́ло.Ja ne znáju, kogdá éto býlo.I don’t know when it was.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

imperfective

perfective

Noun[edit]

знать (znatʹf inan (genitive зна́ти, uncountable)

  1. (collective) nobility, noble people
    Synonyms: аристокра́тия (aristokrátija), вы́сшее о́бщество (výsšeje óbščestvo), эли́та (elíta)

Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

знать (znatʹ)

  1. (informal) it seems, then
    Synonyms: вида́ть (vidátʹ), ви́дно (vídno), зна́чит (znáčit)

Related terms[edit]