kennen

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See also: kënnen

Cornish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From kenn (peel, scum, skin) +‎ -en

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Revived Middle Cornish) IPA(key): [kɛnːɛn]

Noun[edit]

kennen m (plural kennow)

  1. film, membrane

Mutation[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch kennen, from Old Dutch kennen, from Proto-West Germanic *kannijan, from Proto-Germanic *kannijaną, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵneh₃-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɛnə(n)/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ken‧nen
  • Rhymes: -ɛnən

Verb[edit]

kennen

  1. (transitive) to know (a person, a thing), be acquainted with
  2. (auxiliary, colloquial, dialectal) Synonym of kunnen

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of kennen (weak)
infinitive kennen
past singular kende
past participle gekend
infinitive kennen
gerund kennen n
present tense past tense
1st person singular ken kende
2nd person sing. (jij) kent kende
2nd person sing. (u) kent kende
2nd person sing. (gij) kent kende
3rd person singular kent kende
plural kennen kenden
subjunctive sing.1 kenne kende
subjunctive plur.1 kennen kenden
imperative sing. ken
imperative plur.1 kent
participles kennend gekend
1) Archaic.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Afrikaans: ken
  • Negerhollands: ken

See also[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German kennan, from Proto-West Germanic *kannijan (to know), from Proto-Germanic *kannijaną (to know). Cognate to Dutch kennen, Scots and English ken (to know).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

kennen (irregular weak, third-person singular present kennt, past tense kannte, past participle gekannt, past subjunctive kennte, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to know; to be acquainted with; to be familiar with

Usage notes[edit]

  • Although the senses of both kennen and wissen are covered by English “to know”, the two German verbs are only occasionally interchangeable. Only wissen is generally used with a following subclause (I know that..., how..., when..., etc.). With nouns the distinction may be more difficult. Wissen is used with facts and memorized information (“to be aware of”, French savoir), whereas kennen is used with concepts, ideas, backgrounds (“to be familiar with”, French connaître). Compare the following two sentences, both of which translate literally as “Do you know the street that he mentioned to us?”:
Kennst du die Straße, die er uns genannt hat?Are you familiar with the street? Have you been there before?
Weißt du die Straße, die er uns genannt hat?Do you know what street it was? Do you remember its name?
  • The past subjunctive kennte is highly literary or archaic. It should be used with some caution even in formal writing.
    • 1887, Engel, Eduard, Griechische Frühlingstage, 4th, purer edition, Radebeul bei Dresden: Haupt & Hammon, published 1927, page 361:
      So, das sind die Entscheidungen der größten Gelehrten über die doch nicht ganz unwichtige Frage, wie eine der Sprachen auszusprechen sei, in der jahraus jahrein in Deutschland gutgezählte 50 000 junge Menschenkinder unterrichtet werden.
      Trotz jenen Entscheidungen ist natürlich noch lange nicht daran zu denken, daß dem Unfug einer als gänzlich falsch erkannten Aussprache des Griechischen ein Ende gesetzt wäre. Der Schlendrian wird auf diesem Gebiete des Schulwesens wohl ebenso lange dauern, wie auf vielen andern; denn bequem ist allerdings jener Schlendrian, nur wissenschaftlich ist er nicht, und unbrauchbar für das Leben ist er obendrein. Die Beseitigung des Schlendrians werde ich wohl nicht mehr erleben, auch dann nicht, wenn Plato selber aus der Asche auferstünde und die deutschen Schulmänner die richtige Aussprache lehrte. Sie würden ihm beweisen, daß er sich irre: er habe in den mehr als zwei Jahrtausenden seit seinem Tode gewiß die richtige Aussprache vergessen; sie aber, die deutschen Oberlehrer und Direktoren, kennten sie ganz genau: sie wäre buchstäblich so wie das Neuhochdeutsche des 20. Jahrhunderts gewesen.
      So these are the reckonings of the greatest scholars about the not quite insignificant question how one of the languages which is taught to about 50 000 young lads per annum should be pronounced.
      In spite of these reckonings by far it is not to think that this buffoonery of an utterly wrong pronunciation of Greek would come to an end. The litherness in this field of schooling will last as long as on many others; for convenient it is forsooth, but scientific it is not, und devoid of use for life ’tis on top. The elimination of this litherness I will not be an observer of in my lifetime, even if Plato himself were to rise from his ashes and teach the pedants the right pronunciation. They would shew him his being at fault: he surely has forgot the right pronunciation; but them, the senior and head teachers know it very well; it would be literally like the New High German of the 20th century.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • kennen” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • kennen” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon
  • kennen” in Duden online
  • kennen” in OpenThesaurus.de

Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Saxon *kennian, from Proto-West Germanic *kannijan (to know). Cognate with German and Dutch kennen, English ken.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

kennen

  1. (transitive) to know (someone); to be acquainted with
  2. (transitive) to know (some fact); to have knowledge of

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German kennen, from Old High German *kennen, from Proto-West Germanic *kannijan, from Proto-Germanic *kannijaną. Cognate with German kennen, Dutch kennen, English ken.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

kennen (third-person singular present kennt, past participle kannt, auxiliary verb hunn)

  1. (transitive) to know

Conjugation[edit]

Regular
infinitive kennen
participle kannt
auxiliary hunn
present
indicative
imperative
1st singular kennen
2nd singular kenns kenn
3rd singular kennt
1st plural kennen
2nd plural kennt kennt
3rd plural kennen
(n) or (nn) indicates the Eifeler Regel.

Derived terms[edit]


Maltese[edit]

Root
k-n-n
4 terms

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic كَنَّنَ(kannana).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

kennen (imperfect jkennen, past participle mkennen)

  1. to shelter, provide shelter for

Conjugation[edit]

    Conjugation of kennen
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
perfect m kennint kennint kennen kenninna kennintu kennu
f kennet
imperfect m nkennen tkennen jkennen nkennu tkennu jkennu
f tkennen
imperative kennen kennu

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch kennen, from Proto-West Germanic *kannijan, from Proto-Germanic *kannijaną, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵneh₃-.

Verb[edit]

kennen

  1. to know, to be familiar with
  2. to recognise, to know who/what someone/something is
  3. to recognise, to acknowledge (a fact)
  4. to admit
  5. to consider (to be)
  6. to establish (as fact)

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English cennan, from Proto-West Germanic *kannijan, from Proto-Germanic *kannijaną.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

kennen

  1. to make known

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Mòcheno[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German kennen, from Old High German kennan, from Proto-West Germanic *kannijan, from Proto-Germanic *kannijaną (to make known). Cognate to German kennen, Scots ken.

Verb[edit]

kennen

  1. to know, be familiar with

References[edit]


Old Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *kannijan, from Proto-Germanic *kannijaną.

Verb[edit]

kennen

  1. to know, to be aware of

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • kennen”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012