ken

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See also: Ken, KEN, kén, kèn, kēn, kěn, and -ken

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English kennen ‎(to give birth, conceive, generate, beget; to develop (as a fetus), hatch out (of eggs); to sustain, nourish, nurture), from Old English cennan ‎(to give birth, conceive, generate, beget).

Verb[edit]

ken ‎(third-person singular simple present kens, present participle kenning, simple past and past participle kenned)

  1. (obsolete) To give birth, conceive, beget, be born; to develop (as a fetus); to nourish, sustain (as life).
    • The Treatise on The Paster Noster (15th c.)
      To the soul this ghostly bread is the learning and the teaching and the understanding in the commandments of God, wherethrough the soul is kenned and lives.

Etymology 2[edit]

Northern and Scottish dialects from Middle English kennen, from Old English cennan ‎(make known, declare, acknowledge) originally “to make known”, causative of cunnan ‎(to become acquainted with, to know), from Proto-Germanic *kannijaną, causative of *kunnaną ‎(be able). Cognate with West Frisian kenne ‎(to know; recognise), Dutch kennen ‎(to know), German kennen ‎(to know, be acquainted with someone/something), Old Norse kenna ‎(know, perceive).

The noun meaning “range of sight” is a nautical abbreviation of present participle kenning.

Noun[edit]

ken ‎(uncountable)

  1. Knowledge, perception, or sight.
    • 1957, United States Congressional serial set - Issue 11976:
      These people, these 20 or 25, were in my ken. Senator Jenner. In his what? Mr. Greenglass. My ken, my line of vision, my knowledge.
    • 1977, Roulhac Toledano, ‎Sally Kittredge Evans, The Esplanade Ridge:
      On this occasion, I wrote to them: "Two more modest and deserving people than you are not in our ken; and it is but fitting that you receive this, preservation's most prestigious prize, for your selfless devotion to the cause through the years.
    • 1999, Catherine Z. Elgin, Considered Judgment:
      Since nothing in our ken differentiates knowledge from luck, something beyond our ken is introduced to do so. But the conviction that we know something is small comfort when coupled with the realization that we cannot tell what.
    • 2012, Keith McCarthy, Nor All Your Tears:
      I couldn't see the funny side myself, but Tristan could; after a while he could hardly control his merriment, in fact, so that he collapsed back on the bed, continuing to chortle, more of his rather unpleasant teeth making an unwelcome appearance in my ken.
  2. (nautical) Range of sight.
Usage notes[edit]

In common usage a fossil word, found only in the phrase beyond one’s ken.

Coordinate terms[edit]
  • (nautical range of sight): offing
Quotations[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

ken ‎(third-person singular simple present kens, present participle kenning, simple past and past participle kenned or kent)

  1. (transitive, chiefly Scotland) To know, perceive or understand.
  2. (obsolete, chiefly Scotland) To discover by sight; to catch sight of; to descry.
    • 1662 Thomas Salusbury, Galileo's Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems (Dialogue 2):
      I proposed to the Mariners, that it would be of great benefit in Navigation to make use of [the telescope] upon the round-top of a ship, to discover and kenne Vessels afar off.
    • Addison
      We ken them from afar.
    • Shakespeare
      'Tis he. I ken the manner of his gait.
Quotations[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
References[edit]
  • The New Geordie Dictionary, Frank Graham, 1987, ISBN 0946928118
  • Northumberland Words, English Dialect Society, R. Oliver Heslop, 1893–4
  • A List of words and phrases in everyday use by the natives of Hetton-le-Hole in the County of Durham, F.M.T.Palgrave, English Dialect Society vol.74, 1896, [1]
  • Todd's Geordie Words and Phrases, George Todd, Newcastle, 1977[2]
  • Oxford English Dictionary, second edition, 1989

Etymology 3[edit]

Perhaps from kennel.

Noun[edit]

ken ‎(plural kens)

  1. (slang, Britain, obsolete) A house, especially a den of thieves.
Derived terms[edit]

Afrikaans[edit]

Noun[edit]

ken ‎(plural kenne)

  1. chin

Verb[edit]

ken ‎(present ken, present participle kennende, past participle geken)

  1. To know (a person, a thing), be acquainted with

Breton[edit]

Adverb[edit]

  1. exclamative adverb : ken (bras) : so (big)
  2. equality adverb : (n'eo ket) ken (bras ha me) : (he/she is not )so (big as me)
  3. negative adverb : (n'ouzon ket) ken : (I don't know) any more

Dupaninan Agta[edit]

Noun[edit]

ken

  1. skirt

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ken

  1. first-person singular present indicative of kennen
  2. imperative of kennen

Anagrams[edit]


Finnish[edit]

(index ke)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *ken, from Proto-Uralic *ki. Cognate with Hungarian ki and Ter Sami kie.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈken/
  • Hyphenation: ken
  • Rhymes: -en

Pronoun[edit]

ken

  1. (interrogative, archaic) who; (when followed by a modifier in elative case, -sta/-stä) which one (of + a noun referring to people).
  2. (indefinite, archaic) whoever.

Inflection[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Ken is archaic in tone (or dialectal).

Synonyms[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of unknown origin.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ken

  1. (transitive) to smear

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

(With verbal prefixes):

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gábor Zaicz, Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete, Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, ISBN 963 7094 01 6

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ken

  1. rōmaji reading of けん
  2. rōmaji reading of ケン

Kurdish[edit]

Noun[edit]

ken ?

  1. laugh
  2. smile

Ladino[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin quĕm, accusative of qui.

Pronoun[edit]

ken ‎(Latin spelling, Hebrew spelling קיין)

  1. who, whom
  2. whoever, whomever

Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ken

  1. Nonstandard spelling of kén.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of kěn.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of kèn.

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Scots[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English cennan ‎(make known, declare, acknowledge), originally "make to know", causative of cunnan ‎(to become acquainted with, to know).

Noun[edit]

ken ‎(uncountable)

  1. knowledge or perception

Verb[edit]

ken ‎(third-person singular present kens, present participle kennin, past kent, past participle kent)

  1. (transitive) To know, perceive or understand.
    Do ye ken John Peel with his coat so gay? - 19th century Cumbrian ballad
    • Dae ye ken Ken kens Ken?
      Do you know Ken knows Ken?"

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

English can

Verb[edit]

ken

  1. can
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Genesis 1:29 (translation here):
      Na God i tok olsem, “Mi givim yupela ol kain kain diwai na gras i karim pikinini bilong kaikai. Na yupela i ken kisim kaikai long ol dispela samting.
This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *ken.

Pronoun[edit]

ken ‎(genitive kenen, partitive keda)

  1. who (interrogative)

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of ken
nominative sing. ken
genitive sing. kenen
partitive sing. keda
partitive plur.
singular plural
nominative ken
accusative kenen
genitive kenen
partitive keda
essive-instructive kenen
translative keneks
inessive kes
kenes
elative kespäi
kenespäi
illative kehe
kenehe
adessive kel
kenel
ablative kelpäi
kenelpäi
allative kelle
kenele
abessive keneta
comitative kenenke
prolative kedame
approximative I kenenno
approximative II kenennoks
egressive kenennopäi
terminative I kehesai
kenehesai
terminative II kellesai
kenelesai
terminative III
additive I kehepäi
kenehepäi
additive II kellepäi
kenelepäi

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “кто”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika