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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡron): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(hand) – a fist is a form of a hand.

Han character[edit]

(radical 64 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 火手手 (FQQ), four-corner 90502, composition)

  1. fist
  2. various forms of boxing

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 428, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11996
  • Dae Jaweon: page 777, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1864, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+62F3

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (30)
Final: (80)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: Chongniu III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: quán
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɡɣiuᴇn/ /ɡʷɯiɛn/ /ɡiuæn/ /gwian/ /ɡjuɛn/ /ɡĭwɛn/ /gi̯wɛn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
quán ‹ gjwen › /*N-kro[n]/ fist (< rolled-up hand)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7165 3 /*ɡron/

Noun[edit]

  1. fist

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. ken, a game played with the hands; a game of hands; in Italian, mor(r)a, a game in which two (or more) players each suddenly display a hand showing zero to five fingers and call out what they think will be the sum of all fingers shown.
  2. fist, usually as a suffix in the name of martial arts moves

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gwon) (hangeul , revised gwon, McCune-Reischauer kwŏn, Yale kwen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quyền, quèn, long, thành)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.