-ken

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See also: ken, Ken, kén, kěn, kèn, and KEN

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch -ken, -kin, -kijn, apparently representing Proto-Germanic *-ukīną, a double diminutive, from Proto-Germanic *-ukaz.

Cognate with German -chen, Low German -ken, English -kin, -ock. The standard Dutch -tje and its variants are derived from -ke(n) through palatalization.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ken n ‎(plural -kens)

  1. Alternative form of -ke

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

German Low German form of standard -chen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ken n ‎(plural 1 -kes, plural 2 -kens, plural 3 -ken)

  1. (colloquial, regional, Northern Germany, Westphalia) used to make diminutives
    Häusken ‑ little house
    Dörfkes ‑ small villages

Usage notes[edit]

  • After stops, particulary after k, a linking -s- is often inserted: PackPäcksken (see Päckchen ‎(parcel)).
  • Sometimes an old linking -e- is also preserved: MannMänneken (see derived terms below).

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

-ken

  1. rōmaji reading of けん

Turkish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ken

  1. while, when
    19 yaşımdayken
    when I was 19