From Latin Martialis (“Roman cognomen”), from martiālis (“belonging or dedicated to the Mars, the Roman god of war, or to war”), from Mārs (“the god Mars; the planet Mars”) + -ālis (suffix forming adjectives of relationship from nouns).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈmɑːʃəl/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈmɑɹʃəl/
Audio (GA) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)ʃəl
- Homophones: marshal, martial
- Hyphenation: Mart‧ial
- A male given name narrowly applied to certain historic persons (but some of its foreign cognates are modern given names).
- Saint Martial was the first bishop of Limoges, circa 250
- An Anglicized cognomen or given name of the Roman poet Marcus Valerius Martialis, born in Spain in the first century AD and noted for his epigrams.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Martial (not comparable)
- (astronomy, obsolete) Alternative letter-case form of
- 1869 February 6, “The Planet of War”, in E[neas] S[weetland] Dallas, editor, Once a Week, volume III, number 58 (New Series), London: Bradbury, Evans, and Co. […], OCLC 1696839, page 74, column 1:
- For, having found out by a careful series of observations, the parts of Mars' orbit where the planet entered upon its various seasons, he [William Herschel] noted that, soon after mid-winter of the northern hemisphere, the northern white spot attained its greatest dimensions, while the southern was reduced to a tiny oval of light; whereas half a Martial year later, the southern spot was at its largest, and the northern a mere speck when compared with its winter appearance.
Martial (plural Martials)
- (chiefly science fiction, obsolete) Alternative letter-case form of
- 1892, The Spectator: A Weekly Review of Politics, Literature, Theology, and Art, volume LXIX, London: F. C. Westley, ISSN 0038-6952, OCLC 219844110, page 218, column 2:
- The Martials, if there be Martials in any sense in which there are terrestrials on our own planet, may have no eyes at all; their whole civilisation, if they have say, may depend on senses of which we have absolutely no trace, […]
- A male given name, in continuous use (though not particularly popular).