From Middle English marschal, from Anglo-Norman mareschal (“farrier; military commander”), from Medieval Latin mariscalcus (“groom, army commander, court dignitary”), either from Frankish *marhaskalk, or Old High German marah-scalc (“horse-servant”), from Proto-Germanic *marhaz + *skalkaz (whence Old Saxon maraskalk, marahscalc). Compare English mare + shalk.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈmɑːʃəl/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈmɑɹʃəl/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)ʃəl
- Homophones: Marshall, martial
marshal (plural marshals)
- (historical) A high-ranking officer in the household of a medieval prince or lord, who was originally in charge of the cavalry and later the military forces in general.
- A military officer of the highest rank in several countries, including France and the former Soviet Union; equivalent to a general of the army in the United States. See also field marshal.
- 1936, H. Hessell Tiltman, The Far East Comes Nearer, Jarrolds, page 249:
- Where stands Marshal Chiang Kai-shek in this conflict of opinion concerning the tactics which China should adopt towards the aggressor? Chiang Kai-shek, according to officials who know his mind with whom I have talked, is all for resistance- as soon as he thinks he can win!
- A person in charge of the ceremonial arrangement and management of a gathering.
- (US) A federal lawman.
- → Malay: marsyal
- To arrange (troops, etc.) in line for inspection or a parade.
- 1913, Robert Barr, chapter 4, in Lord Stranleigh Abroad:
- Nothing could be more business-like than the construction of the stout dams, and nothing more gently rural than the limpid lakes, with the grand old forest trees marshalled round their margins like a veteran army that had marched down to drink, only to be stricken motionless at the water’s edge.
- (by extension) To arrange (facts, etc.) in some methodical order.
- 1963 December, “The fish traffic of Aberdeen”, in Modern Railways, page 389:
- This train is formed only of "Blue Spot" wagons for London; vans for Mac Fisheries Finsbury Park depot are marshalled at the rear to be detached at Finsbury Park.
- To ceremoniously guide, conduct or usher.
- c. 1587–1588, [Christopher Marlowe], Tamburlaine the Great. […] The First Part […], 2nd edition, part 1, London: […] [R. Robinson for] Richard Iones, […], published 1592, →OCLC; reprinted as Tamburlaine the Great (A Scolar Press Facsimile), Menston, Yorkshire, London: Scolar Press, 1973, →ISBN, Act III, scene iii:
- Our conquering ſwords ſhal marſhal vs the way
UUe vſe to martch vpon the ſlaughtered foe:
Trampling their bowels with our horſes hoofes: […]
- To gather data for transmission.
- (computing, transitive) To serialize an object into a marshalled state represented by a sequence of bytes that can later be converted back into an object with equivalent properties.
- “marshal”, in Collins English Dictionary.
- “marshal”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–2022.
- “marshal”, in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: Merriam-Webster, 1996–present.
- “marshal” in the Cambridge English Dictionary, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.