conduct

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin conductus (defense, escort), from Latin conductus, perfect passive participle of condūcō (bring together); see also conduce and conduit.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

conduct (countable and uncountable, plural conducts)

  1. The act or method of controlling or directing
    • 1785, William Paley, The Principles of Moral and Political Philosophy
      There are other restrictions imposed upon the conduct of war, not by the law of nature primarily, but by the laws of war first, and by the law of nature as seconding and ratifying the laws of war.
    • 1843, Henry Brougham, Political Philosophy
      the conduct of the state, the administration of its affairs, its policy, and its laws, are for more uncertain
  2. Skillful guidance or management; leadership
    • 1722 (first printed) Edmund Waller, Poems, &c. written upon several occasions, and to several persons
      Conduct of armies is a prince's art.
    • 1769, William Robertson, The history of the reign of Emperor Charles V
      [] attacked the Spaniards [] with great impetuosity, but with so little conduct, that his forces were totally routed.
    • 1841, Charles Dickens, Barnaby Rudge Chapter 49
      At the head of that division which had Westminster Bridge for its approach to the scene of action, Lord George Gordon took his post; with Gashford at his right hand, and sundry ruffians, of most unpromising appearance, forming a kind of staff about him. The conduct of a second party, whose route lay by Blackfriars, was entrusted to a committee of management
  3. behaviour; the manner of behaving
    Good conduct will be rewarded and likewise poor conduct will be punished.
    • 1840, James Fenimore Cooper, The Pathfinder
      when she came to recall the affectionate and natural manner of the young Indian girl, and all the evidences of good faith and sincerity she had seen in her conduct during the familiar intercourse of their journey, she rejected the idea with the unwillingness of a generous disposition to believe ill of others
    • 1848, Thomas Macaulay, The History of England from the Accession of James II
      All these difficulties were increased by the conduct of Shrewsbury.
    • 1711, John Dryden, Tenth Satire (translation from Latin of Juvenal)
      What in the conduct of our life appears / So well designed, so luckily begun, / But when we have our wish, we wish undone?
  4. (of a literary work) plot; storyline
    • c. 1800, Thomas Macaulay, Essays, critical and miscellaneous
      The book of Job, indeed, in conduct and diction, bears a considerable resemblance to some of his dramas.
  5. (obsolete) convoy; escort; person who accompanies another
  6. (archaic) Something which carries or conveys anything; a channel; an instrument.

Synonyms[edit]

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Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

conduct (third-person singular simple present conducts, present participle conducting, simple past and past participle conducted)

  1. (archaic, transitive) To lead, or guide; to escort.
    • 1634, John Milton, Comus
      I can conduct you, lady, to a low / But loyal cottage, where you may be safe.
  2. (transitive) To lead; to direct; to be in charge of (people or tasks)
    The commander conducted thousands of troops.
    to conduct the affairs of a kingdom
    • 1856-1858, William Hickling Prescott, History of the Reign of Phillip II
      the Turks, however efficient they may have been in field operations, had little skill as engineers, and no acquaintance with the true principles of conducting a siege
  3. (transitive) (reflexively to conduct oneself) To behave.
    He conducted himself well.
  4. (transitive) To serve as a medium for conveying; to transmit (heat, light, electricity, etc.)
    • 2011 September 20, Matt Day and Tatyana Shumsky, “Copper Falls to 2011 Lows”, in Wall Street Journal[1]:
      The metal easily conducts electricity and doesn't rust in water, properties that have made it valuable in uses from household plumbing and electric wiring
    • 1975, Clive M. Countryman, Heat-Its Role in Wildland Fire Part 2
      Water and many other liquids do not conduct heat well. Wildland fuels in general, wood, and wood products conduct heat slowly, and so do soil and rocks.
  5. (transitive, music) To direct, as the leader in the performance of a musical composition.
    • 2006, Michael R. Waters with Mark Long and William Dickens, Lone Star Stalag: German Prisoners of War at Camp Hearne
      For a while, Walter Pohlmann, a well-known German conductor, conducted the orchestra in Compound 3. Later, Willi Mets, who had conducted the world-renowned Leipzig Symphony Orchestra, conducted the Compound 3 orchestra.
  6. (intransitive) To act as a conductor (as of heat, electricity, etc.); to carry.
  7. (transitive) To carry out (something organized)
    • 2011 September 11, “Fugro, Royal Philips Electronics: Benelux Equity Preview”, in San Francisco Chronicle[2]:
      The world's largest surveyor of deepwater oil fields won a contract to conduct a survey of the French Gulf of Lion to map sand reserves.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.