guiar

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Catalan[edit]

Verb[edit]

guiar (first-person singular present guio, past participle guiat)

  1. To guide

Conjugation[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese guiar (13th century, Cantigas de Santa Maria) either from Old French guier, ultimately from Proto-Germanic *wītaną (to go forth); or directly from Gothic *𐍅𐌹𐌳𐌰𐌽 (*widan, to join).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

guiar (first-person singular present guío, first-person singular preterite guiei, past participle guiado)

  1. (transitive) to guide, to lead
  2. (takes a reflexive pronoun) to obey, to follow
    • 1295, R. Lorenzo (ed.), La traducción gallega de la Crónica General y de la Crónica de Castilla. Ourense: I.E.O.P.F., page 226:
      este rey dõ Afonso mãteue muy bem seu reyno, per consello dos sabios per que sse el guiaua
      this king, Don Afonso, kept very ably his realm, because of the advice of the sages whom he followed

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • guiar” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • guiar” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • guiar” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • guiar” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • guiar” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese guiar, from Medieval Latin guidō, possibly from Gothic [Term?].

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

guiar (first-person singular present indicative guio, past participle guiado)

  1. to lead; to guide; to direct
  2. to drive (a vehicle)
  3. to guide (supervise one's education)

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from Medieval Latin guidō, of uncertain, but ultimately Germanic origin; e.g. Gothic [Term?], or from Frankish *witan, Proto-Germanic *witaną. Compare Portuguese guiar, French guider (Old French guier), Old Occitan guidar, Italian guidare.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

guiar (first-person singular present guío, first-person singular preterite guie, past participle guiado)

  1. to guide
  2. to lead, to conduct
  3. to show the way
  4. to drive, to steer
  5. to train (plants)
  6. to advise, to counsel, to guide
  7. to sprout (of plants)

Conjugation[edit]

  • Rule: stressed í in certain conjugations; monosyllabic infinitives receive no written accent in certain conjugations. This change was put into effect in the 2010 spelling reforms by the RAE, so some other forms are still commonly seen.

Related terms[edit]