vós

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See also: vos, VOS, vôs, , voš, -vos, and v. o. s.

Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin vōs.

Pronoun[edit]

vós

  1. you (subject pronoun: the group being addressed)

Synonyms[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin vōs, from Proto-Italic *wōs.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

vós (strong)

  1. you

Usage notes[edit]

  • Vós is a polite form, used when addressing a single person. It is used with the second person plural form of the verb. (Compare the polite usage of vous in French.)

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese vos, from Latin vōs.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

vós (accusative vos, dative vos)

  1. second-person plural nominative personal pronoun; you
    Synonyms: vosoutros, vostedes
  2. (dated) thou, thee (an elevated form of you, singular)
    • 1310, E. Portela Silva (ed.), La región del obispado de Tuy en los siglos XII a XV. Santiago: Tip. El Eco Franciscano, page 384:
      De min dom ffernan ffernandez de Lima A vos Pero viçente de Martin meu omme Saude
      From me Don Fernán Fernández de Limia to thee Pedro Vicente de Martín, my man, hail
    • 1775, María Francisca Isla y Losada, Romance:
      An que me trataches bén
      si'ávesita non pagàs
      dou ò demo pè ala poño
      nin me alembro de vòs màis.
      Although thou treated me well
      If the visit thou don't pay [lit. you (plural) don't pay]
      No way I'm putting a feet there
      Or remembering thee anymore
    Synonym: vostede

Usage notes[edit]

When vós is a polite form, addressing a single person, is used with the second person plural form of the verb. Compare the polite usage of vous in French and vós in Catalan.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • vos” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • vos” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • vós” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • vós” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • vós” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Portuguese vos, from Latin vōs, from Proto-Indo-European *wōs.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

vós m pl or f pl

  1. (archaic, except for rural northern Portugal) second-person plural nominative personal pronoun; you
    Vós deveis fugir.You must flee.
    Synonyms: vocês, os senhores
  2. (archaic, except for rural northern Portugal) second-person plural prepositional pronoun; you
    Tenho medo de vós.I am afraid of you.
  3. (religious, formal or poetic) second-person singular nominative and prepositional pronoun used when addressing a deity, noble or certain powerful officials; you; thou
    Deus, vós sois a minha força.
    God, thou art my strength.
    Synonyms: tu, você, o senhor
Usage notes[edit]

In everyday discourse, this pronoun is oftentimes replaced by vocês, mainly in central and southern continental Portugal and in Brazil.

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Portuguese personal pronouns (edit)
Number Person Nominative
(subject)
Accusative
(direct object)
Dative
(indirect object)
Prepositional Prepositional
with com
Non-declining
m f m f m and f m f m f m f
Singular First eu me mim comigo
Second tu te ti contigo você
o senhor a senhora
Third ele ela o
(lo, no)
a
(la, na)
lhe ele ela com ele com ela o mesmo a mesma
se si consigo
Plural First nós nos nós connosco (Portugal)
conosco (Brazil)
a gente
Second vós vos vós convosco, com vós vocês
os senhores as senhoras
Third eles elas os
(los, nos)
as
(las, nas)
lhes eles elas com eles com elas os mesmos as mesmas
se si consigo
Indefinite se si consigo

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vós f

  1. plural of

Spanish[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

vós

  1. Obsolete spelling of vos