li

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Translingual[edit]

Symbol[edit]

li

  1. (mathematics) The symbol for the logarithmic integral function.
  2. (international standards) ISO 639-1 language code for Limburgish.

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /liː/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iː

Etymology 1[edit]

An early romanization of Chinese Mandarin (). As a Korean unit, via the Yale romanization of Korean (ri), from the Chinese distance.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (Korea): ri

Noun[edit]

li (plural lis or li)

  1. The Chinese mile, a traditional unit of distance equal to 1500 chis or 150 zhangs, now standardized as a half-kilometer (500 meters).
    Synonym: Chinese mile
    • 1927, Li, Chi, “Archaeological Survey of the Fêng River Valley, Southern Shansi, China”, in Explorations and Field-work of the Smithsonian Institution in 1926 (Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections)‎[3], volume 78, number 7, Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, OCLC 1051580882, page 129:
      It was a whole day's journey from I-ch'eng to Chü-wo which, in turn, is about 60 li east of Chiang Chou — one of the most important cities in southern Shansi and a center for curio-dealers.
    • 1999 [1994], Zou, Heng (邹衡), “The Early Jin State Capital Discovered: a Personal Account”, in Roderick Whitfield; Wang Tao, transl., Exploring China's Past: New Discoveries and Studies in Archaeology and Art[4], Saffron Books, Eastern Art Publishing, →ISBN, OCLC 760663465, page 106:
      In 1979, while we were conducting our archaeological work in Yucheng and Quwo, Shanxi province, I noticed another historical record in the Kuodizhi (a comprehensive account of geography written in 641), which stated that "the ancient city of Tang was 20 li west of Yuchengxian in Jiangzhou."
    • 2000, Chen, Shui-Bian, “Learning and Transformation”, in David J. Toman, transl., The Son of Taiwan: The Life of Chen Shui-Bian and His Dreams for Taiwan[5], Taiwan Publishing Co., Ltd., →ISBN, OCLC 45640623, page 40:
      The two gods who accompany Matsu, one with eyes that can see 1000 li⁶ and the other with ears that can hear far over the horizon, represent empathy, observation, and feeling. Government should be like Matsu, equipped with acute powers of observation; see clearly to the bottom of issues, and know how to respond.
    • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:li.
  2. The Korean mile, a traditional unit of distance equivalent to about 393 m.
    • 1980, Kim, Il-sung, “Meeting with My Comrades-in-Arms in North Manchuria”, in Kim Il Sung Works[6], volume 48, Pyongyang: Foreign Languages Publishing House, OCLC 8532530, page 144:
      While scaling the Laoyeling Mountains, the Chinese Worker-Peasant Red Army, under the command of Mao Ze-dong and Zhu De, was successfully stepping up the historic 25 000-li Long March in China proper, breaking through the surrounding rings formed by Chiang Kai-shek’s army.
    Synonym: Korean mile
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Mandarin 市厘 ().

Noun[edit]

li (plural li)

  1. A traditional Chinese unit of weight, equal to one-thousandth of a liang, or fifty milligrams.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Mandarin ().

Noun[edit]

li (plural li)

  1. (Chinese philosophy) A meaningful ceremony or ritual; etiquette, behaviour.

Etymology 4[edit]

From Mandarin ().

Noun[edit]

li (plural li)

  1. An ancient Chinese cauldron having three hollow legs.

Etymology 5[edit]

Altered from la, with the vowel changed to signify a raised note.

Noun[edit]

li (uncountable)

  1. (music) In solfège, the raised sixth note of a major scale (the note A-sharp in the fixed-do system).
    Synonyms: A-sharp, B-flat, ta, te

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Orel suggests from South Slavic, compare Serbo-Croatian lȉh (exclusive), lȋh (false, odd), Slovene lȋh (uneven, odd).[1] However, generally thought to be from Ancient Greek εὐλογία (eulogía) "blessing", with a euphemistic sense development.[2][3] Compare e.g. the euphemistic synonym "e lume" (the happy/blessed one)[4]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

li f (definite singular lia)

  1. pox
  2. olive scab, peacock spot (Cycloconium oleaginum)
    Synonym: sypallua
Hyponyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “lijë”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 227
  2. ^ Eqrem Çabej, Studime etimologjike në fushë të shqipes, Akademia e Shkencave e RPS të Shqipërisë, Instituti i Gjuhësisë dhe i Letërsisë, 1996, page 168
  3. ^ Eqrem Çabej, Studime Filologjike, Akademia e Shkencave e RPSSH, Instituti i Gjuhësisë dje i Letërsisë., 1990, page 99
  4. ^ Eqrem Çabej, Studime gjuhësore: Nga historia e gjuhës shqipe, Rilindja, 1977, page 22

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed through Vulgar Latin from Latin līnum.

Noun[edit]

li m (definite singular liri)

  1. flax

Aragonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ille (that one).

Pronoun[edit]

li

  1. him (indirect object)

Synonyms[edit]


Aromanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin illis, dative common plural of ille. Compare Romanian le.

Pronoun[edit]

li f (short/unstressed accusative form of eali)

  1. (direct object) them (all-female group)

Related terms[edit]

  • (feminine/masculine plural dative- short/unstressed form)
  • u (feminine singular accusative- short/unstressed form)
  • (a) lor (feminine/masculine plural dative- long/stressed form)

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin illī, dative common singular of ille.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

li (enclitic and proclitic)

  1. him, her, it (indirect object)

Declension[edit]


Corsican[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin illi, masculine plural of ille, from Old Latin olle. Cognates include Italian gli (the, them) and Romanian îi (them).

Pronoun[edit]

li

  1. him, her (indirect object)
  2. them (indirect object)
  3. Archaic form of i.

See also[edit]

Article[edit]

li

  1. Archaic form of i.

References[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

li m (uncountable)

  1. li (Chinese unit of distance).

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Italian lui, French lui, or Spanish le, plus the i of personal pronouns.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

li (accusative lin, possessive lia)

  1. (personal pronoun) he

Usage notes[edit]

  • Li is traditionally used as both a masculine and a gender-neutral pronoun, but since the 1970s generic usage has sometimes been criticized and is increasingly being avoided and replaced by "li aŭ ŝi". Some people think this is an imperfect solution which is inappropriately long, and since the 2010s it is additionally also criticized by some as being too exclusive to non-binary people. In response to such criticisms, there have been various proposals for new pronouns, but the only proposal that has been gaining some adoption is ri.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (person whose gender is unknown): ri, ŝli

Related terms[edit]

  • ili (they) (plural)

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

li m (plural lis)

  1. li (Chinese unit of distance)

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Guinea-Bissau Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese ali. Cognate with Kabuverdianu li.

Adverb[edit]

li

  1. here

Haitian Creole[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From French lui.

Pronoun[edit]

li (contracted form l)

  1. he
  2. him
  3. she
  4. her
  5. it

Etymology 2[edit]

From French lire.

Verb[edit]

li

  1. to read

Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From lu (he, him, she, her, it, that) +‎ -i (-s; plural).

Pronoun[edit]

li pl

  1. they, them

Related terms[edit]

  • ili (they, them, masculine)
  • eli (they, them, feminine)
  • oli (they, them, neuter)

Istriot[edit]

Article[edit]

li

  1. masculine plural definite article
    • 1877, Antonio Ive, Canti popolari istriani: raccolti a Rovigno, volume 5, Ermanno Loescher, page 40:
      Ti me pari oûna dea infra li dai,
      You seem to me a goddess among the gods

Italian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin illī, nominative masculine plural of ille.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): °/li/°
  • Homophone:
  • Rhymes: -i
  • Hyphenation: li
  • As an unstressed clitic, it does not trigger syntactic gemination of the following consonant. It also actively blocks syntactic gemination of its initial consonant, such as after a word like però (but) that would normally trigger syntactic gemination. (This does not apply to the enclitic form -li, e.g. dalli a me (give them to me).)

Pronoun[edit]

li m pl

  1. (accusative) them (masculine)
    Li ricordo.I remember them.
Usage notes[edit]

Never elides.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Variant of gli.

Article[edit]

li m pl (singular lo)

  1. Archaic form of gli.
    li studentithe students

Pronoun[edit]

li m pl (singular lo)

  1. (dative) Archaic form of gli.

Etymology 3[edit]

Adverb[edit]

li

  1. Misspelling of .

Anagrams[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

li

  1. Rōmaji transcription of り゚
  2. Rōmaji transcription of リ゚

Jarawa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate to Önge li.

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

li

  1. this, these
    li aːw ʈʰi talu.
    This bow is long.
    Synonym: lijə (this here, this)
    Coordinate term: luwə (that)

Pronoun[edit]

li

  1. this, these, this one, these ones
    li topo t-ita-b.
    He ate the snake.
    li aːw.
    This is a bow.
    Coordinate term: luwə (that)

References[edit]


Kabuverdianu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese ali.

Adverb[edit]

li

  1. here

Khumi Chin[edit]

Li.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Kuki-Chin *lii, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *d-liy. Cognate to Burmese လေး (le:, bow) and S'gaw Karen ချံၣ် (khleè, bow).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

li

  1. crossbow

References[edit]

  • K. E. Herr (2011) The phonological interpretation of minor syllables, applied to Lemi Chin[7], Payap University, page 45

Livonian[edit]

Verb[edit]

li

  1. 2nd person singular imperative form of lǟdõ

Louisiana Creole French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French lui.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

li (third-person singular, plural , objective li, possessive , emphatic li-chin)

  1. he.
  2. him.
  3. she.
  4. her.
  5. it.

Coordinate terms[edit]


Maltese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • illi (after a word-final consonant cluster)

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic اَلَّذِي(allaḏī, relative pronoun). Compare common dialectal Arabic اللي(illi, lli). The use as a conjunction is widely found in Maghrebi Arabic, so there is no reason to consider it a Romance influence (as might otherwise be thought; compare Italian che, which is both a relative pronoun and the conjunction “that”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

li

  1. (relative) who; which; that
    Dan huwa r-raġel li seraq il-karozza.That’s the man who stole the car.
    Din hija ħaġa li tħawwadni.This is something that confuses me.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Unlike standard Arabic, the relative pronoun is normally used also with indefinite referents (example sentence 2). However, it is optional in this case.

Conjunction[edit]

li

  1. that
    Nixtieq ngħidilha li nħobbha.I want to tell her that I love her.

Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

li (li5 / li0, Zhuyin ˙ㄌㄧ)

  1. Hanyu Pinyin reading of .
  2. Hanyu Pinyin reading of .
  3. Hanyu Pinyin reading of .
  4. Hanyu Pinyin reading of .

li

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of .
  3. Nonstandard spelling of .
  4. Nonstandard spelling of .

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Mauritian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French le, lui.

Pronoun[edit]

li

  1. he, she, it (third-person singular personal pronoun)

See also[edit]


Michif[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French le.

Pronunciation[edit]

Article[edit]

li m (feminine la, masculine and feminine plural lii)

  1. the

Miskito[edit]

Noun[edit]

li

  1. water

References[edit]

  • Eduard Conzemius, Ethnographical Survey of the Miskito and Sumu Indians (1932)

Moore[edit]

Etymology[edit]

from French lit (bed)

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /lí/

Noun[edit]

li

  1. bed

Munsee[edit]

Particle[edit]

[1]

  1. here, there, thus, so

References[edit]

  1. ^ O'Meara, John (2014), “lí-”, in Delaware-English/English-Delaware Dictionary (Heritage), Toronto: University of Toronto Press, published 1996, →ISBN

Neapolitan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

li

  1. Alternative form of 'i

Niuatoputapu[edit]

Article[edit]

li

  1. the

Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French li, from Vulgar Latin *illui, a Vulgar Latin dative of Classical Latin ille.

Pronoun[edit]

li

  1. (Guernsey) him

Northern Kurdish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *en.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

Central Kurdish لە(le)

li

  1. in
    li Kurdistanêin Kurdistan
  2. an element of several prepositions and circumpositions

Related terms[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hlíð.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

li f or m (definite singular lia or lien, indefinite plural lier, definite plural liene)

  1. A sloping mountainside or hillside covered with grass or forest.

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse hlíð, from Proto-Germanic *hlīdō, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱléyteh₂ (something leaned, inclined).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

li f (definite singular lia, indefinite plural lier, definite plural liene)

  1. a sloping mountainside or hillside covered with grass or forest.
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse líða, from Proto-Germanic *līþaną. The sense of suffering may be a loan from Middle Low German.

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

li (present tense lir, past tense lei, supine lidd or lidt or liden, past participle lidd or liden, present participle lidande, imperative li)

  1. (intransitive, of time) to pass, elapse
  2. (intransitive) to suffer
    1. (intransitive) to endure
    2. (intransitive) to tolerate, like
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin ille (that). In the nominative singular, it was influenced by the nom. sg. form of the pronoun quī.

Pronunciation[edit]

Article[edit]

li

  1. the (masculine nominative singular and plural definite article)
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin illī (to that one), dative singular of Latin ille. Cognate of Spanish le, Portuguese lhe, Italian gli.

Pronoun[edit]

li

  1. third-person singular indirect object pronoun; to him, to her, to it
Descendants[edit]
  • French: lui

Old Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ille (that).

Article[edit]

li

  1. the (masculine nominative singular and plural definite article)

Old Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *li.[1][2] [First attested in 1395.]

Particle[edit]

li

  1. interrogative particle: introduces a yes-no question
  2. (when reduplicated) whetheror
  3. (when reduplicated) bothand

Conjunction[edit]

li

  1. if

Derived terms[edit]

conjunctions

Related terms[edit]

conjunction

Descendants[edit]

  • Polish: li

References[edit]

  1. ^ Boryś, Wiesław (2005) Słownik etymologiczny języka polskiego (in Polish), Kraków: Wydawnictwo Literackie, →ISBN
  2. ^ Andrzej Bańkowski (2000) Etymologiczny słownik języka polskiego[1] (in Polish)

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Old Polish li, from Proto-Slavic *li.[1][2] [First attested in 1395.][3]

Particle[edit]

li

  1. (archaic, literary) interrogative particle: introduces a yes-no question
    Synonym: czy
  2. (archaic, literary) only
    Synonyms: jedynie, tylko
  3. (Middle Polish) emphasis particle

Conjunction[edit]

li

  1. (obsolete) if
    Synonym: jeśli
  2. (Middle Polish) since, because
    Synonym: skoro
  3. (Middle Polish) though
    Synonyms: acz, aczkolwiek, chociaż, mimo że
  4. (Middle Polish) when
    Synonym: kiedy
  5. (Middle Polish) or
    Synonyms: albo, bądź, czy, lub
Derived terms[edit]
conjunctions
Related terms[edit]
conjunctions

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Mandarin ().

Noun[edit]

li n (indeclinable)

  1. li (Chinese unit of distance)
  2. li (Chinese unit of weight)

Etymology 3[edit]

From Mandarin ().

Noun[edit]

li n (indeclinable)

  1. li (meaningful ceremony or ritual)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Boryś, Wiesław (2005) Słownik etymologiczny języka polskiego (in Polish), Kraków: Wydawnictwo Literackie, →ISBN
  2. ^ Andrzej Bańkowski (2000) Etymologiczny słownik języka polskiego[2] (in Polish)
  3. ^ S. Urbańczyk, editor (1963), “li”, in Słownik staropolski (in Old Polish), volume 4, Wrocław, Warsaw, Kraków: Polish Academy of Sciences, page 33
  • li”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish], 2010-2022

Further reading[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: li
  • Rhymes: -i

Verb[edit]

li

  1. first-person singular preterite indicative of ler

Romanian[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

li (dative form of ele, form of le)

  1. to them

Usage notes[edit]

This word is used when le (which is dative) is combined with the following accusatives:

  • îl (the accusative of el, contracted as li-l)
  • îi (the accusative of ei, contracted as li-i)
  • le (the accusative of ele)
  • se (the reflexive accusative of all third-person pronouns)

See also[edit]


Sassarese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • -lli (pronoun, enclitic, used when previous syllable is stressed)
  • -ri (pronoun, enclitic, used when previous syllable is unstressed)

Etymology[edit]

From Latin illī, illae, masculine and feminine plural forms of ille (that).

Pronunciation[edit]

Article[edit]

li m pl or f pl

Sassarese definite articles
singular plural
masculine lu/l' li/l'
feminine la/l'
  1. the (masculine and feminine plural)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Becomes l' before a vowel.

Pronoun[edit]

li m pl or f pl

  1. (followed by chi) those
    Di curori vi ni so umbè. Ca so li chi tu priferi?
    There are lots of colors. Which ones do you prefer?
    (literally, “Of colors there are a lot. Which ones are those which you prefer?”)
  2. them (accusative)
    Abà li zerchuI'll look for them (literally, “Now I look for them”)
  3. dative of eddu
    Li cuzinu la trìgliaI'll prepare him mullet (literally, “I cook to him the mullet”)
  4. dative of edda
    Li fozzu li frisgioriI'll prepare her some flapjacks (literally, “I make to her the flapjacks”)
  5. dative of eddi
    Dabboi li sarudduI'll (literally, “I cook for them the mullet”)

References[edit]

  • Rubattu, Antoninu (2006) Dizionario universale della lingua di Sardegna, 2nd edition, Sassari: Edes

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *li.

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

li (Cyrillic spelling ли)

  1. question-forming interrogative particle (postpositive, unlike other particles, never first word in a sentence)
    poznaješ li medo you know me?
    jesi li stigao na odredište?did you reach the destination?
    jeste li ga vid(j)elihave you seen him?
    gd(j)e li se samo nalazimo?where could we be?
    kad li će doći?when will he/they come?
    je li?Is it? (Is that so? Isn't that so?)
  2. used as conjunction with da (except in Croatian, je li is used instead)
    da liwhether
    nemam pojma da li je došaoI have no idea whether he came
    (Croatian: "nemam pojma je li došao")
  3. (as a conjunction) if
    pokušaš li me napasti, ja ću ti uzvratitishould you try to attack me, I'll strike you back
    (when "li" is used in this sense, it is usually translated as a subjunctive form "should", and when "ako" is used, it is usually translated as "if" - ako me pokušaš napasti = if you try to attack me)
  4. used as an emphatic intensifier
    a sn(ij)eg pada li padathe snow just keeps falling and falling...
    d(ij)ete plače li plačethe child just keeps crying and crying...

See also[edit]

  • zar (interrogative particle)

Sicilian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the conflation of the apheresis of Latin illī and illae, both nominative plurals of ille.

Pronunciation[edit]

Article[edit]

li m pl or f pl

  1. (masculine and feminine plural definite article) the
    Synonym: i
Usage notes[edit]
  • This article is nowadays an obsolete variant, unlike its illiquid counterpart i. It is currently used only in some restricted areas where it is still withheld in conversational communications.
  • Today it is mostly used in crystallized contexts, such as singing, poetry or sayings and proverbs. In all these cases this definite article is more euphonetic than the variants, now predominant, which have undergone the lenition of the initial liquid consonant.
  • Its use is however almost undisputed before nouns (or nominalized forms of other parts of speech, most often adjectives) that begin with vowels. In this case the form is an apocopic l'. Otherwise, illiquid definite articles are phonetically absorbed by the following noun. I.e: l'arancini (liquid) and ârancini (illiquid).
Inflection[edit]
Sicilian articles
Masculine singular definite article Feminine singular definite article Masculine and feminine plural definite article
Definite articles (liquid) lu la li
Definite articles (illiquid) u a i
Definite articles nu
(also: un,'n)
na

Etymology 2[edit]

From the conflation of the apheresis of Latin illī and illae, both nominative plurals of ille.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • -li (enclitic)
  • i (illiquid form)

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

li m pl or f pl

  1. (accusative) them
    Li canusci?Do you know them?
    Synonym: i
  2. (accusative) them, these or those thing
    Quannu ti li desi.When I gave them to you.
    Synonym: i
Usage notes[edit]
  • This pronoun is now an obsolete variant. It is currently used only in some restricted areas where it is still withheld in conversational communications.
  • Today it is mostly used in crystallized contexts, such as singing, poetry or sayings and proverbs. In all these cases this definite article is more euphonetic than the variants, now predominant, which have undergone the lenition of the initial liquid consonant.
  • Its use is however almost undisputed before words that begin with vowels. In this case the form is an apocopic l'.

Sumerian[edit]

Romanization[edit]

li

  1. Romanization of 𒇷 (li)

Tedim Chin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *b-ləj.

Numeral[edit]

li

  1. four

References[edit]

  • Zomi Ordbog based on the work of D.L. Haokip

Vietnamese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Sino-Vietnamese word from (glass).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(classifier cái) li

  1. cup, glass (def. 2)

See also[edit]


Volapük[edit]

Particle[edit]

li

  1. Appended with a hyphen to a verb, it turns the entire clause it is in into a question.

Walloon[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Article[edit]

li (after an open syllable and/or before a vowel: l', plural: les, plural after an open syllable and before a vowel: ls)

  1. the
    Li mwaisseThe master
    Li maistreceThe mistress
    L' omeThe man
    C' est li l' mwaisseHe is the master
    Les måjhonsThe houses
    Les omesThe men
    Çou sont ls åtes tchesteasThese are the other castles

Pronoun[edit]

li

  1. him, her, it (direct object, before verb)
    C' est li l' mwaisseIt's him who's the master

West Makian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

li

  1. also

References[edit]

  • Clemens Voorhoeve (1982) The Makian languages and their neighbours[10], Pacific linguistics

Westrobothnian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

li f

  1. Alternative form of lid[1]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse , specifically the accusative léa, from Proto-Germanic *lewô. The duosyllabic accent might be derived from the definite singular form.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

 m (definite singular lien)

  1. scythe[1]
Derived terms[edit]
  • libɑka (the trailing edge of a scythe)
  • liörv (shaft on a scythe)

Etymology 3[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

li n (definite singular liä)

  1. afterbirth from calving[2]
    Synonyms: ättföring, leg

Etymology 4[edit]

From Old Norse líða, from Proto-Germanic *līþaną. The sense “suffer” may be borrowed from Middle Low German, but derive from the same root in any case.

Verb[edit]

li

  1. to elapse.[1]
    he li på dɑgenThe day draws to a close.
    he var brɑno lideIt was quite late.
  2. to come to an end, run out.
    Da mâtn fâr lii fara ṣwiṇa strii.When the food begins to run low, the swine begin to fight. (proverb)
  3. to suffer.[1]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Larsson, Evert, Söderström, Sven, “lid s. li:, lie s. lî:, lida v. li: etc”, in Hössjömålet : ordbok över en sydvästerbottnisk dialekt [The Hössjö speech: dictionary of a southern Westrobothnian dialect] (in Swedish) →ISBN, page 119
  2. ^ Rietz, Johan Ernst, “LI” in Svenskt dialektlexikon: ordbok öfver svenska allmogespråket [Swedish dialectal lexicon: a dictionary for the Swedish lects] (in Swedish), 1962 edition, Lund: C. W. K. Gleerups Förlag, published 1862–1867, page 400

Yoruba[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /lí/

Noun[edit]

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter L.

See also[edit]


Zou[edit]

Zou cardinal numbers
 <  3 4 5  > 
    Cardinal : li

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Kuki-Chin *lii, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *b-ləj. Cognates include Burmese လေး (le:) and Sichuan Yi (ly).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /lī/
  • Hyphenation: li

Numeral[edit]

li

  1. four

References[edit]

  • Lukram Himmat Singh (2013) A Descriptive Grammar of Zou, Canchipur: Manipur University, page 40
  • Philip Thanglienmang (2014), “Zou Tonology”, in Indian Linguistics, volume 75, issue 1-2, ISSN 0378-0759