kuli

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English[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuli (plural kulis)

  1. Archaic spelling of coolie.

See also[edit]

Aiwoo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably a Polynesian borrowing.

Noun[edit]

kuli

  1. dog

References[edit]

Atong (India)[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

kuli- (Bengali script কুলি)

  1. to open

References[edit]

Cebuano[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kuˈliʔ/, [kʊˈl̪iʔ]
  • Hyphenation: ku‧li

Verb[edit]

kulî (Badlit spelling ᜃᜓᜎᜒ)

  1. to be senile
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkuliʔ/, [ˈku.l̪ɪʔ]
  • Hyphenation: ku‧li

Adjective[edit]

kulì (Badlit spelling ᜃᜓᜎᜒ)

  1. having a hard time due to some obstacle
  2. reluctant

Adverb[edit]

kulì (Badlit spelling ᜃᜓᜎᜒ)

  1. reluctantly
  2. seldom; rarely

Verb[edit]

kulì (Badlit spelling ᜃᜓᜎᜒ)

  1. to have a hard time doing something
Derived terms[edit]

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuli m anim

  1. coolie (unskilled Asian worker)
Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • kuli in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • kuli in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • kuli in Internetová jazyková příručka

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Participle[edit]

kuli

  1. animate masculine plural past active participle of kout

Drehu[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuli

  1. dog

References[edit]

Fijian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Central-Pacific *kuli, from Proto-Oceanic *kulit, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kulit, from Proto-Austronesian *qaNiC.

Noun[edit]

kuli

  1. skin (outer covering of the body of a person)

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkuli/, [ˈkuli]
  • Rhymes: -uli
  • Syllabification(key): ku‧li

Etymology 1[edit]

From Russian куль (kulʹ).

Noun[edit]

kuli

  1. (historical) an old Russian unit of weight, used for grain and equal to 9 poods or around 147.42 kilograms
    Synonyms: matto, jauhomatto
Declension[edit]
Inflection of kuli (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative kuli kulit
genitive kulin kulien
partitive kulia kuleja
illative kuliin kuleihin
singular plural
nominative kuli kulit
accusative nom. kuli kulit
gen. kulin
genitive kulin kulien
partitive kulia kuleja
inessive kulissa kuleissa
elative kulista kuleista
illative kuliin kuleihin
adessive kulilla kuleilla
ablative kulilta kuleilta
allative kulille kuleille
essive kulina kuleina
translative kuliksi kuleiksi
abessive kulitta kuleitta
instructive kulein
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of kuli (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kulini kulini
accusative nom. kulini kulini
gen. kulini
genitive kulini kulieni
partitive kuliani kulejani
inessive kulissani kuleissani
elative kulistani kuleistani
illative kuliini kuleihini
adessive kulillani kuleillani
ablative kuliltani kuleiltani
allative kulilleni kuleilleni
essive kulinani kuleinani
translative kulikseni kuleikseni
abessive kulittani kuleittani
instructive
comitative kuleineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kulisi kulisi
accusative nom. kulisi kulisi
gen. kulisi
genitive kulisi kuliesi
partitive kuliasi kulejasi
inessive kulissasi kuleissasi
elative kulistasi kuleistasi
illative kuliisi kuleihisi
adessive kulillasi kuleillasi
ablative kuliltasi kuleiltasi
allative kulillesi kuleillesi
essive kulinasi kuleinasi
translative kuliksesi kuleiksesi
abessive kulittasi kuleittasi
instructive
comitative kuleinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kulimme kulimme
accusative nom. kulimme kulimme
gen. kulimme
genitive kulimme kuliemme
partitive kuliamme kulejamme
inessive kulissamme kuleissamme
elative kulistamme kuleistamme
illative kuliimme kuleihimme
adessive kulillamme kuleillamme
ablative kuliltamme kuleiltamme
allative kulillemme kuleillemme
essive kulinamme kuleinamme
translative kuliksemme kuleiksemme
abessive kulittamme kuleittamme
instructive
comitative kuleinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kulinne kulinne
accusative nom. kulinne kulinne
gen. kulinne
genitive kulinne kulienne
partitive kulianne kulejanne
inessive kulissanne kuleissanne
elative kulistanne kuleistanne
illative kuliinne kuleihinne
adessive kulillanne kuleillanne
ablative kuliltanne kuleiltanne
allative kulillenne kuleillenne
essive kulinanne kuleinanne
translative kuliksenne kuleiksenne
abessive kulittanne kuleittanne
instructive
comitative kuleinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative kulinsa kulinsa
accusative nom. kulinsa kulinsa
gen. kulinsa
genitive kulinsa kuliensa
partitive kuliaan
kuliansa
kulejaan
kulejansa
inessive kulissaan
kulissansa
kuleissaan
kuleissansa
elative kulistaan
kulistansa
kuleistaan
kuleistansa
illative kuliinsa kuleihinsa
adessive kulillaan
kulillansa
kuleillaan
kuleillansa
ablative kuliltaan
kuliltansa
kuleiltaan
kuleiltansa
allative kulilleen
kulillensa
kuleilleen
kuleillensa
essive kulinaan
kulinansa
kuleinaan
kuleinansa
translative kulikseen
kuliksensa
kuleikseen
kuleiksensa
abessive kulittaan
kulittansa
kuleittaan
kuleittansa
instructive
comitative kuleineen
kuleinensa

Etymology 2[edit]

From Hindi क़ुली (qulī), Urduقلی⁩.

Noun[edit]

kuli

  1. coolie
Declension[edit]
Inflection of kuli (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative kuli kulit
genitive kulin kulien
partitive kulia kuleja
illative kuliin kuleihin
singular plural
nominative kuli kulit
accusative nom. kuli kulit
gen. kulin
genitive kulin kulien
partitive kulia kuleja
inessive kulissa kuleissa
elative kulista kuleista
illative kuliin kuleihin
adessive kulilla kuleilla
ablative kulilta kuleilta
allative kulille kuleille
essive kulina kuleina
translative kuliksi kuleiksi
abessive kulitta kuleitta
instructive kulein
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of kuli (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kulini kulini
accusative nom. kulini kulini
gen. kulini
genitive kulini kulieni
partitive kuliani kulejani
inessive kulissani kuleissani
elative kulistani kuleistani
illative kuliini kuleihini
adessive kulillani kuleillani
ablative kuliltani kuleiltani
allative kulilleni kuleilleni
essive kulinani kuleinani
translative kulikseni kuleikseni
abessive kulittani kuleittani
instructive
comitative kuleineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kulisi kulisi
accusative nom. kulisi kulisi
gen. kulisi
genitive kulisi kuliesi
partitive kuliasi kulejasi
inessive kulissasi kuleissasi
elative kulistasi kuleistasi
illative kuliisi kuleihisi
adessive kulillasi kuleillasi
ablative kuliltasi kuleiltasi
allative kulillesi kuleillesi
essive kulinasi kuleinasi
translative kuliksesi kuleiksesi
abessive kulittasi kuleittasi
instructive
comitative kuleinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kulimme kulimme
accusative nom. kulimme kulimme
gen. kulimme
genitive kulimme kuliemme
partitive kuliamme kulejamme
inessive kulissamme kuleissamme
elative kulistamme kuleistamme
illative kuliimme kuleihimme
adessive kulillamme kuleillamme
ablative kuliltamme kuleiltamme
allative kulillemme kuleillemme
essive kulinamme kuleinamme
translative kuliksemme kuleiksemme
abessive kulittamme kuleittamme
instructive
comitative kuleinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kulinne kulinne
accusative nom. kulinne kulinne
gen. kulinne
genitive kulinne kulienne
partitive kulianne kulejanne
inessive kulissanne kuleissanne
elative kulistanne kuleistanne
illative kuliinne kuleihinne
adessive kulillanne kuleillanne
ablative kuliltanne kuleiltanne
allative kulillenne kuleillenne
essive kulinanne kuleinanne
translative kuliksenne kuleiksenne
abessive kulittanne kuleittanne
instructive
comitative kuleinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative kulinsa kulinsa
accusative nom. kulinsa kulinsa
gen. kulinsa
genitive kulinsa kuliensa
partitive kuliaan
kuliansa
kulejaan
kulejansa
inessive kulissaan
kulissansa
kuleissaan
kuleissansa
elative kulistaan
kulistansa
kuleistaan
kuleistansa
illative kuliinsa kuleihinsa
adessive kulillaan
kulillansa
kuleillaan
kuleillansa
ablative kuliltaan
kuliltansa
kuleiltaan
kuleiltansa
allative kulilleen
kulillensa
kuleilleen
kuleillensa
essive kulinaan
kulinansa
kuleinaan
kuleinansa
translative kulikseen
kuliksensa
kuleikseen
kuleiksensa
abessive kulittaan
kulittansa
kuleittaan
kuleittansa
instructive
comitative kuleineen
kuleinensa

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Hawaiian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *tuli, from Proto-Oceanic *tuli, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tuli, from Proto-Austronesian *Culi.

Verb[edit]

kuli

  1. (stative) to be deaf (not hearing)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *turi, from Proto-Central Pacific *tur-i, from Proto-Oceanic *tur, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tuhud, from Proto-Austronesian *tuduS.

Noun[edit]

kuli

  1. (anatomy) knee
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Pukui, Mary Kawena; Elbert (1986), “kuli”, in Hawaiian Dictionary, Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈkuli]
  • Hyphenation: ku‧li
  • Rhymes: -li

Noun[edit]

kuli (plural kulik)

  1. coolie

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative kuli kulik
accusative kulit kulikat
dative kulinak kuliknak
instrumental kulival kulikkal
causal-final kuliért kulikért
translative kulivá kulikká
terminative kuliig kulikig
essive-formal kuliként kulikként
essive-modal
inessive kuliban kulikban
superessive kulin kulikon
adessive kulinál kuliknál
illative kuliba kulikba
sublative kulira kulikra
allative kulihoz kulikhoz
elative kuliból kulikból
delative kuliról kulikról
ablative kulitól kuliktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
kulié kuliké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
kuliéi kulikéi
Possessive forms of kuli
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. kulim kulijaim
2nd person sing. kulid kulijaid
3rd person sing. kulija kulijai
1st person plural kulink kulijaink
2nd person plural kulitok kulijaitok
3rd person plural kulijuk kulijaik

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • (coolie): kuli in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • ([regional] inward-turning [horn or cattle with such horn]): kuli in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology[edit]

From Malay kuli, from Hindi क़ुली (qulī), from Chagatai [Term?], ultimately from Proto-Turkic *kul (slave, servant).

Other forms occur in Bengali কুলি (kuli) and Tamil கூலி (kūli, daily hire), which are possibly also influenced by Hindi कोली (kolī, weaver; low-class). The Chinese word 苦力 (kǔlì), meaning "to exert one's abilities; heavy labour work" in Classical Chinese, may have been influenced by cognates of the above Hindi word in other languages and may have further influenced English.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈku.li]
  • Hyphenation: ku‧li

Noun[edit]

kuli (first-person possessive kuliku, second-person possessive kulimu, third-person possessive kulinya)

  1. laborer; coolie
    Synonyms: pekerja kasar, buruh kasar
    • 2019 February 20, “Pernah Jadi Kuli Bangunan, Wisanggeni Kini Tekuni Melukis [Once a Construction Laborer, Wisangenni Now Draws Diligently]”, in Suara Merdeka[2], archived from the original on 6 September 2019:
      Ia menambahkan pernah juga bekerja sebagai kuli bangunan, buruh pabrik di Solo, pernah juga bekerja di warung makan.
      He adds that he had once worked as a construction laborer, a factory worker at Solo, and had also worked at a food stall.

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Ingrian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Russian куль (kulʹ). Doublet of kulja.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuli

  1. bast sack
  2. a unit of dry volume equivalent to around 293 liters
Usage notes[edit]
  • One kuli is equal to eight vakka.
Declension[edit]
Declension of kuli (type 5/vahti, no gradation, gemination)
singular plural
nominative kuli kulit
genitive kulin kulliin, kuliloin
partitive kullia kulija, kuliloja
illative kullii kullii, kuliloihe
inessive kulis kuliis, kulilois
elative kulist kuliist, kuliloist
allative kulille kuliille, kuliloille
adessive kulil kuliil, kuliloil
ablative kulilt kuliilt, kuliloilt
translative kuliks kuliiks, kuliloiks
essive kulinna, kulliin kuliinna, kuliloinna, kulliin, kuliloin
exessive1) kulint kuliint, kuliloint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

Etymology 2[edit]

Related to Estonian kuli (dude); kuli was traditionally exclusively played by men and boys.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuli

  1. gorodki (a type of traditional game where wooden chips were hit with a stick)
Declension[edit]
Declension of kuli (type 5/vahti, no gradation, gemination)
singular plural
nominative kuli kulit
genitive kulin kulliin, kuliloin
partitive kullia kulija, kuliloja
illative kullii kullii, kuliloihe
inessive kulis kuliis, kulilois
elative kulist kuliist, kuliloist
allative kulille kuliille, kuliloille
adessive kulil kuliil, kuliloil
ablative kulilt kuliilt, kuliloilt
translative kuliks kuliiks, kuliloiks
essive kulinna, kulliin kuliinna, kuliloinna, kulliin, kuliloin
exessive1) kulint kuliint, kuliloint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 216

Lindu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kulit, from Proto-Austronesian *kuliC.

Noun[edit]

kuli

  1. (anatomy) skin

Ngarrindjeri[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuli

  1. head

Polish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (genitive plural of kula) kul

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈku.li/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -uli
  • Syllabification: ku‧li

Verb[edit]

kuli

  1. third-person singular present of kulić

Verb[edit]

kuli

  1. third-person plural virile past of kuć

Noun[edit]

kuli f

  1. inflection of kula:
    1. genitive/dative/locative singular
    2. genitive plural

Slovak[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkuli/
  • Hyphenation: ku‧li

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived from Hindi क़ुली (qulī) / Urduقلی(qulī, hired laborer, slave), from Turkish köle. Other forms occur in Bengali kuli and Tamil kuli, "daily hire." The Mandarin word 苦力 (kǔlì), was originally a transcription of the Hindi, and literally means "bitterly hard (use of) strength".

Noun[edit]

kuli m anim (genitive singular kuliho, nominative plural kuliovia, genitive plural kuliov, declension pattern of kuli)

  1. coolie
Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • kuli”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

kuli f

  1. dative/locative singular of kuľa

Sranan Tongo[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuli

  1. (derogatory, offensive) coolie; an Indian-Surinamese person, a Surinamese person of Indian descent.
    • 1976, Suky Akkal (lyrics and music), “Kapharia Ke Leb”, in The Tropical Mood:
      Gwe yu skôyer! Mi no e trow nanga no wan kuli
      Go away, you beggar! I'm not going to marry a coolie

Swahili[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English coolie.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuli (ma class, plural makuli)

  1. coolie, dockworker

See also[edit]

Wolio[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kulit, from Proto-Austronesian *kuliC.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuli

  1. skin

References[edit]

  • Anceaux, Johannes C. 1987. Wolio Dictionary (Wolio-English-Indonesian) / Kamus Bahasa Wolio (Wolio-Inggeris-Indonesia). Dordrecht: Foris.