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From Latin reluctans, present participle of reluctare, reluctari (to struggle against, oppose, resist), from re- (back) + luctari (to struggle).



reluctant (comparative more reluctant, superlative most reluctant)

  1. (now rare) Opposing; offering resistance (to).
    • 1819, Lord Byron, Don Juan, II.108:
      There, breathless, with his digging nails he clung / Fast to the sand, lest the returning wave, / From whose reluctant roar his life he wrung, / Should suck him back to her insatiate grave [...].
    • 2008, Kern Alexander et al., The World Trade Organization and Trade in Services, p. 222:
      They are reluctant to the inclusion of a necessity test, especially of a horizontal nature, and emphasize, instead, the importance of procedural disciplines [...].
  2. Not wanting to take some action; unwilling.
    She was reluctant to lend him the money



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