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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 38 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 女廿X金 (VTXC), four-corner 48437, composition)

  1. hate, detest
  2. suspect
  3. criticize

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 269, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6618
  • Dae Jaweon: page 536, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1073, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5ACC

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕian³⁵/
Harbin /ɕian²⁴/
Tianjin /ɕian⁴⁵/
Jinan /ɕiã⁴²/
Qingdao /ɕiã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ɕian⁴²/
Xi'an /ɕiã²⁴/
Xining /ɕiã²⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕian⁵³/
Lanzhou /ɕiɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ɕian⁵¹/
Wuhan /ɕiɛn²¹³/
Chengdu /ɕian³¹/
Guiyang /ɕian²¹/
Kunming /ɕiɛ̃³¹/
Nanjing /ɕien²⁴/
Hefei /ɕiĩ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕie¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕie̞¹³/ ~疑
/xæ¹³/ ~疼咧
Hohhot /ɕie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦi²³/
Suzhou /ɦiɪ¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦiẽ̞²¹³/
Wenzhou /ji³¹/
/ɦa³¹/
Hui Shexian /ɕie⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ɕiɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ɕiẽ¹³/
Xiangtan /ɕiẽ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiɛn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /hiam¹¹/
Taoyuan /hiɑm¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jim²¹/
Nanning /jim²¹/
Hong Kong /jim²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiam³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hieŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hiam⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hiam³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (157)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦem/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦem/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɛm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦɛm/
Li
Rong
/ɣem/
Wang
Li
/ɣiem/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣiem/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xián
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xián
Middle
Chinese
‹ hem ›
Old
Chinese
/*N-kˤem/
English doubt, doubtful

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6078
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡeːm/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Adjectival noun[edit]

‎(-na inflection, hiragana いや, romaji iya)

  1. disagreeable, unpleasant
  2. unpleasant, disgusting, offensive
    ぞっとするほど (いや) () ()った。
    Zotto suru hodo iya na me ni atta.
    It was shockingly abhorrent.

Inflection[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

いや ‎(iya) sounds more masculine than やだ ‎(yada), which has the same meaning but is more feminine.


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hyeom) (hangeul , revised hyeom, McCune-Reischauer hyŏm)

싫어할 혐, Reading : Hyeom, Meaning : Dislike(싫어하다, Shiruh-Hada) Commonly use with 惡 as 嫌惡(혐오, Hyeo-Mo) as a none, adjective or verb to express great dislike or hatred

Eg) 난 그것을 혐오한다. Nan Gogutsul Hyeomo-handa. I dislike it

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hiềm, hem, hèm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.