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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 38 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 女廿X金 (VTXC), four-corner 48437, composition)

  1. hate, detest
  2. suspect
  3. criticize

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 269, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6618
  • Dae Jaweon: page 536, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1073, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5ACC

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (嫌), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 添
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 戸兼切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦem/ /ɣiem/ /ɣem/ /ɦem/ /ɦɛm/ /ɣiem/ /ɣɛm/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xián ‹ hem › /*N-kˤem/ doubt, doubtful

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6078 2 /*ɡeːm/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Adjectival noun[edit]

‎(-na inflection, hiragana いや, romaji iya)

  1. unpleasant, disgusting, offensive
    ぞっとするほど (いや) () ()った。
    zotto suru hodo iya na me ni atta.
    It was shockingly abhorrent.

Inflection[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

いや ‎(iya) sounds more masculine than やだ ‎(yada), which has the same meaning but is more feminine.


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hyeom) (hangeul , revised hyeom, McCune-Reischauer hyŏm)

싫어할 혐, Reading : Hyeom, Meaning : Dislike(싫어하다, Shiruh-Hada) Commonly use with 惡 as 嫌惡(혐오, Hyeo-Mo) as a none, adjective or verb to express great dislike or hatred

Eg) 난 그것을 혐오한다. Nan Gogutsul Hyeomo-handa. I dislike it

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hiềm, hem, hèm)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.