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See also: and
U+938C, 鎌

CJK Unified Ideographs


Han character[edit]

(radical 167, +10, 18 strokes, cangjie input 金廿X金 (CTXC), four-corner 88137, composition)

Related characters[edit]


  • KangXi: page 1316, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40693
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1816, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4244, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+938C


Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰreːms, *kʰreːmʔ, *kʰeːmʔ, *kʰeːms
*ɡreːm, *keːm
*ɡreːm, *ɡ·reːm, *ɡ·reːmʔ, *ɡ·reːms, *ɡeːm
*ɡreːmʔ, *ɡreːms
*ɡreːmʔ, *ɡraːm
*ɡ·rem, *ɡ·reːm
*ɡ·rem, *ɡ·reːm
*ɡ·remʔ, *ɡ·reːm, *ɡ·reːmʔ
*keːm, *keːms
*kʰeːmʔ, *kʰeːb

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·rem): semantic  (gold; metal) + phonetic  (OC *keːm, *keːms)

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms
⿰钅兼 nonstandard simplified form
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “same as etymology 2? from 磏?”



  1. arrowhead with square corners
    Synonyms: , 箭鏃箭镞 (jiàncù)

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“sickle”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)




(common “Jōyō” kanji)



Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
(kama): a traditional Japanese sickle.
Kanji in this term
Grade: S

From Old Japanese. Found in the Man'yōshū, completed some time after 759 CE.



(hiragana かま, rōmaji kama)

  1. a sickle
    • 1999 February 4, “ダークキラー [Dark Killer]”, in Vol.1, Konami:
      カマのように (はっ) (たつ)した (うで) () (まわ) (こう) (げき)してくる。
      Kama no yō ni hattatsu shita ude o furimawashi kōgeki shitekuru.
      It attacks with its arms, which have grown like sickles.
  2. a sickle-shaped weapon, such as a polearm with a sickle-shaped blade, or a 鎖鎌 (kusarigama)
    • 1999 July 5, “オト [Sonicmaiden]”, in Booster 3, Konami:
       (おと) (あつか)うのが (とく) ()なオトメ。 (おん) ()カマ使 (つか) (こう) (げき)する。
      Oto o atsukau no ga tokui na otome. Onpu no kama o tsu kai kōgeki suru.
      A maiden proud of her ability to manipulate sound. She attacks with her musical-note-shaped scythe.
  3. short for 火打鎌 (hiuchigama): a striker for lighting fires (from the way that pieces of a broken kama blade were used for this purpose)
  4. (slang) a perverse or bent tendency or way of thinking (from the way a kama blade bends)
  5. (slang) a person with a perverse or bent tendency or way of thinking
  6. a category of 家紋 (kamon, family crest) featuring a sickle
  7. (woodworking) short for 鎌継ぎ (kamatsugi): a hammer-headed tenon (from the way the sickle blade sticks out perpendicular to the handle, similar to the sides of the hammer head on this kind of tenon)
  8. (slang) excessive talkativeness (probably by sound association with the word 喧しい (yakamashii, noisy))
  9. (slang) an excessively talkative person
  10. (slang) a penis (probably from the way that a sickle blade sticks out perpendicular to the handle)

Derived terms[edit]



  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN



(gyeom) (hangeul , revised gyeom, McCune–Reischauer kyŏm, Yale kyem)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.


Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: liêm ((lực)(diêm)(thiết))[1]
: Nôm readings: gươm[2][3][1], liềm[2][1]

  1. Nôm form of liềm (sickle).
  2. Nôm form of gươm (sword).