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See also: and
U+938C, 鎌
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-938C

[U+938B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+938D]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 167, +10, 18 strokes, cangjie input 金廿X金 (CTXC), four-corner 88137, composition)

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1316, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40693
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1816, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4244, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+938C

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms
⿰钅兼 nonstandard simplified form

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
鎌-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*r'eːms
*r'eːms
*kreːm
*kreːmʔ
*kʰreːms, *kʰreːmʔ, *kʰeːmʔ, *kʰeːms
*kʰreːmʔ
*ɡreːm, *keːm
*ɡreːm, *ɡ·reːm, *ɡ·reːmʔ, *ɡ·reːms, *ɡeːm
*ɡreːmʔ, *ɡreːms
*ɡreːmʔ, *ɡraːm
*ɡ·rem
*ɡ·rem
*ɡ·rem, *ɡ·reːm
*ɡ·rem
*ɡ·rem
*ɡ·rem, *ɡ·reːm
*ɡ·rem
*ɡ·remʔ
*ɡ·remʔ, *ɡ·reːm, *ɡ·reːmʔ
*kʰremʔ
*ŋɡremʔ
*ɡ·reːm
*ɡ·reːm
*ɡ·reːm
*keːm, *keːms
*keːm
*keːm
*keːm
*keːm
*kʰeːm
*kʰeːmʔ
*kʰeːmʔ
*kʰeːmʔ, *kʰeːb
*kʰeːms
*qʰeːm
*ɡeːm
*ɡeːmʔ
*kreːm

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·rem): semantic  (gold; metal) + phonetic  (OC *keːm, *keːms).

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (archaic) chisel
    Synonyms: (qiè)
  2. arrowhead with square corner
    Synonyms: , 箭鏃箭镞 (jiàncù)
  3. Alternative form of (lián).

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Found in the Jiyun集韻rime dictionary published during the Song dynasty (1037 AD).

Also found in the 1956 first round revision table of variant Chinese characters (第一批异体字整理表) by the People's Republic of China, where and were listed as variant forms of .

Definitions[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“sickle”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
かま
Grade: S
kun’yomi
Wikipedia-logo.png
  on Japanese Wikipedia
(kama): a traditional Japanese sickle.

From Old Japanese. Found in the Man'yōshū, completed some time after 759 CE.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かま, rōmaji kama)

  1. a sickle
    • 1999 February 4, “ダークキラー [Dark Killer]”, in Vol.1 (in Japanese), Konami:
      カマのように (はっ) (たつ)した (うで) () (まわ) (こう) (げき)してくる。
      Kama no yō ni hattatsu shita ude o furimawashi kōgeki shitekuru.
      It attacks with its sickle-like arms.
  2. a sickle-shaped weapon, such as a polearm with a sickle-shaped blade, or a 鎖鎌 (kusarigama)
  3. short for 火打鎌 (hiuchigama): a striker for lighting fires (from the way that pieces of a broken kama blade were used for this purpose)
  4. (slang) a perverse or bent tendency or way of thinking (from the way a kama blade bends)
  5. (slang) a person with a perverse or bent tendency or way of thinking
  6. a category of 家紋 (kamon, family crest) featuring a sickle
  7. (woodworking) short for 鎌継ぎ (kamatsugi): a hammer-headed tenon (from the way the sickle blade sticks out perpendicular to the handle, similar to the sides of the hammer head on this kind of tenon)
  8. (slang) excessive talkativeness (probably by sound association with the word 喧しい (yakamashii, noisy))
  9. (slang) an excessively talkative person
  10. (slang) a penis (probably from the way that a sickle blade sticks out perpendicular to the handle)

Derived terms[edit]

Idioms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gyeom) (hangeul , revised gyeom, McCune–Reischauer kyŏm, Yale kyem)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(gươm, liêm, liềm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]