Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+6B49, 歉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6B49

[U+6B48]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6B4A]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 76 +10, 14 strokes, cangjie input 廿金弓人 (TCNO) or X廿金弓人 (XTCNO), four-corner 87282, composition)

  1. deficient, lacking, insufficient
  2. to apologize
  3. to regret

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 570, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16159
  • Dae Jaweon: page 958, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2148, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+6B49

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
歉-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*r'eːms
*r'eːms
*kreːm
*kreːmʔ
*kʰreːms, *kʰreːmʔ, *kʰeːmʔ, *kʰeːms
*kʰreːmʔ
*ɡreːm, *keːm
*ɡreːm, *ɡ·reːm, *ɡ·reːmʔ, *ɡ·reːms, *ɡeːm
*ɡreːmʔ, *ɡreːms
*ɡreːmʔ, *ɡraːm
*ɡ·rem
*ɡ·rem
*ɡ·rem, *ɡ·reːm
*ɡ·rem
*ɡ·rem
*ɡ·rem, *ɡ·reːm
*ɡ·rem
*ɡ·remʔ
*ɡ·remʔ, *ɡ·reːm, *ɡ·reːmʔ
*kʰremʔ
*ŋɡremʔ
*ɡ·reːm
*ɡ·reːm
*ɡ·reːm
*keːm, *keːms
*keːm
*keːm
*keːm
*keːm
*kʰeːm
*kʰeːmʔ
*kʰeːmʔ
*kʰeːmʔ, *kʰeːb
*kʰeːms
*qʰeːm
*ɡeːm
*ɡeːmʔ
*kreːm

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (29) (29) (29)
Final () (157) (151) (151)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () IV II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰemX/ /kʰˠɛmX/ /kʰˠɛmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰemX/ /kʰᵚæmX/ /kʰᵚæmH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɛmX/ /kʰɐmX/ /kʰɐmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰɛmX/ /kʰəɨmX/ /kʰəɨmH/
Li
Rong
/kʰemX/ /kʰɐmX/ /kʰɐmH/
Wang
Li
/kʰiemX/ /kʰɐmX/ /kʰɐmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰiemX/ /kʰămX/ /kʰămH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiǎn qiǎn qiàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qiàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ khɛmH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kʰˤremʔ-s/
English deficient, modest

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
No. 6033 6034 6071 6075
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2 2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
㦿
Old
Chinese
/*kʰreːms/ /*kʰreːmʔ/ /*kʰeːmʔ/ /*kʰeːms/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gyeom) (hangeul , revised gyeom, McCune-Reischauer kyŏm, Yale kyem)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(gồm, khiểm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.