crop

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See also: cŕop

English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English crop, croppe, from Old English crop, cropp, croppa ‎(the head or top of a plant, a sprout or herb, a bunch or cluster of flowers, an ear of corn, the craw of a bird, a kidney), from Proto-Germanic *kruppaz ‎(body, trunk, crop), from Proto-Indo-European *grewb- ‎(to warp, bend, crawl). Cognate with Dutch krop ‎(crop), Low German Krop ‎(a swelling on the neck, the craw, maw), German Kropf ‎(the craw, ear of grain, head of lettuce or cabbage), Swedish kropp ‎(body, trunk), Icelandic kroppur ‎(a hunch on the body). Related to crap and group.

Noun[edit]

crop ‎(plural crops)

  1. A plant, especially a cereal, grown to be harvested as food, livestock fodder, or fuel or for any other economic purpose.
  2. The natural production for a specific year, particularly of plants.
  3. A group, cluster or collection of things occurring at the same time.
    a crop of ideas
  4. The lashing end of a whip
  5. An entire short whip, especially as used in horse-riding; a riding crop.
  6. A rocky outcrop.
  7. The act of cropping.
  8. A short haircut.
  9. (anatomy) A pouch-like part of the alimentary tract of some birds (and some other animals), used to store food before digestion, or for regurgitation; a craw.
    • XIX c., George MacDonald, The Early Bird:
      A little bird sat on the edge of her nest;
      Her yellow-beaks slept as sound as tops;
      Day-long she had worked almost without rest,
      And had filled every one of their gibbous crops;
    • 1892, Arthur Conan Doyle, "The Adventure of the Blue Carbuncle", 2005 Norton edition, page 221:
      The bird gave a gulp, and I felt the stone pass along its gullet and down into its crop.
  10. (architecture) The foliate part of a finial.
  11. (archaic or dialect) The head of a flower, especially when picked; an ear of corn; the top branches of a tree.
  12. (mining) Tin ore prepared for smelting.
  13. (mining) Outcrop of a vein or seam at the surface.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
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Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English croppen ‎(to cut, pluck and eat), from Old English *croppian. Cognate with Scots crap ‎(to crop), Dutch kroppen ‎(to cram, digest), Low German kröppen ‎(to cut, crop, stuff the craw), German kröpfen ‎(to crop), Icelandic kroppa ‎(to cut, crop, pick). Literally, to take off the crop (top, head, ear) of a plant. See Etymology 1.

Verb[edit]

crop ‎(third-person singular simple present crops, present participle cropping, simple past and past participle cropped)

  1. (transitive) To remove the top end of something, especially a plant.
    • Bible, Ezekiel xvii. 22
      I will crop off from the top of his young twigs a tender one.
  2. (transitive) To cut (especially hair or an animal's tail or ears) short.
  3. (transitive) To remove the outer parts of a photograph or image in order to frame the subject better.
  4. (intransitive) To yield harvest.
  5. (transitive) To cause to bear a crop.
    to crop a field
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