barr

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See also: Barr, barr-, bàrr, bárr, bärr, and Bärr

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse barr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

barr n (genitive singular barrs, no plural)

  1. pine needles

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish barr (top, tip, end; crop, produce), from Proto-Celtic *barros (compare Middle Welsh barr), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰers-.

Noun[edit]

barr m (genitive singular bairr or barr, nominative plural barra)

  1. tip, head, point
  2. top; summit
  3. upper part
  4. surface
  5. coating; cream, scum
  6. (agriculture) crop, cut, yield
  7. yield, result
  8. addition, excess
  9. superiority
  10. extremity
  11. (of wavelength) crest
Declension[edit]
Alternative declension
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
  • cafarr (helmet, headpiece; kerchief)

Verb[edit]

barr (present analytic barrann, future analytic barrfaidh, verbal noun barradh, past participle barrtha)

  1. (transitive) top; surpass
  2. (transitive, of nail) clinch
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old French barre, barrer. Compare English bar.

Noun[edit]

barr m (genitive singular bairr)

  1. bar, hindrance
Declension[edit]

Verb[edit]

barr (present analytic barrann, future analytic barrfaidh, verbal noun barradh, past participle barrtha)

  1. (transitive) bar, hinder
Conjugation[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
barr bharr mbarr
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Middle Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *barros (compare Irish barr), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰers-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

barr m (plural barriau)

  1. top
  2. summit, crest

Mutation[edit]

Middle Welsh mutation
Radical Soft Nasal Aspirate
barr uarr / varr marr unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Descendants[edit]

  • Welsh: bar

Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *baraz.

Noun[edit]

barr n

  1. acicular leaves, needles (of the fir or pine)
  2. barley

Derived terms[edit]

  • barraxlaðr (high-shouldered, with sharp, prominent shoulderbones)
  • barrviðr (pine-forrest; the wood of the fir)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • barr”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Entry "barr" on page 43 in: Geir T. Zoëga "A Concise Dictionary of Old Islandic", Oxford at the Claredon Press (1910).

Romani[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Sanskrit *वर्त (varta, round stone).[1][2]

Noun[edit]

barr m (nominative plural barra)

  1. (International Standard) stone[2][3], rock[3]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “*varta3”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press, page 661
  2. 2.0 2.1 Boretzky, Norbert; Igla, Birgit (1994), “bař”, in Wörterbuch Romani-Deutsch-Englisch für den südosteuropäischen Raum : mit einer Grammatik der Dialektvarianten [Romani-German-English dictionary for the Southern European region] (in German), Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, →ISBN, page 22b
  3. 3.0 3.1 Marcel Courthiade (2009), “o barr, -es- m. -a, -en-”, in Melinda Rézműves, editor, Morri angluni rromane ćhibǎqi evroputni lavustik = Első rromani nyelvű európai szótáram : cigány, magyar, angol, francia, spanyol, német, ukrán, román, horvát, szlovák, görög [My First European-Romani Dictionary: Romani, Hungarian, English, French, Spanish, German, Ukrainian, Romanian, Croatian, Slovak, Greek] (in Hungarian; English), Budapest: Fővárosi Onkormányzat Cigány Ház--Romano Kher, →ISBN, page 75ab

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse barr.

Noun[edit]

barr n

  1. needle; leaf of a coniferous tree
  2. (dated, slang, uncountable) hair

Declension[edit]

Declension of barr 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative barr barret barr barren
Genitive barrs barrets barrs barrens

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

barr c

  1. (gymnastics) parallel bars

Declension[edit]

Declension of barr 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative barr barren barrar barrarna
Genitive barrs barrens barrars barrarnas

Further reading[edit]