barr

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See also: Barr, barr-, bàrr, bárr, and Bärr

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From French barrir (to trumpet; to make the sound of an elephant), from Old French barrire, from Late Latin barriō, from Latin barrus (elephant).

Verb[edit]

barr (third-person singular simple present barrs, present participle barring, simple past and past participle barred)

  1. (obsolete) To make the sound of an elephant.
    • 1737, François Rabelais, translated by Thomas Urquhart, The Complete Works of Doctor François Rabelais:
      He gave us also the example of the Philosopher, who, when he thought most seriously to have withdrawn himself unto a solitary Privacy, far from the rufling Clutterments of the tumultuous and confused World, the better to improve his Theory, to contrive, comment, and ratiocinate, was, notwithstanding his uttermost Endeavours to free himself from all untowards Noises, surrounded and environ'd about so with the barking of Curs, howling of Wolves, neighing of Horses, bleating of Sheep, barring of Elephants, hissing of Serpents, braying of Asses, chirping of Grasshoppers, cooing of Turtles []

Etymology 2[edit]

See bar.

Noun[edit]

barr (countable and uncountable, plural barrs)

  1. Obsolete spelling of bar

Verb[edit]

barr (third-person singular simple present barrs, present participle barring, simple past and past participle barred)

  1. Obsolete spelling of bar

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse barr, from Proto-Germanic *baraz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

barr n (genitive singular barrs, no plural)

  1. pine needles

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish barr (top),[3] from Proto-Celtic *barros (compare Middle Welsh barr), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰers-.

Noun[edit]

barr m (genitive singular bairr or barr, nominative plural barra)

  1. tip, head, point
  2. top; summit
  3. surface
  4. (agriculture) crop, yield
  5. crest (of wavelength)
Declension[edit]
Alternative declension
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
  • cafarr (helmet, headpiece; kerchief)

Verb[edit]

barr (present analytic barrann, future analytic barrfaidh, verbal noun barradh, past participle barrtha)

  1. (transitive) top
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old French barre, barrer. Compare English bar.

Noun[edit]

barr m (genitive singular bairr)

  1. bar, hindrance
Declension[edit]

Verb[edit]

barr (present analytic barrann, future analytic barrfaidh, verbal noun barradh, past participle barrtha)

  1. (transitive) bar, hinder
Conjugation[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
barr bharr mbarr
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sjoestedt, M. L. (1931) Phonétique d’un parler irlandais de Kerry (in French), Paris: Librairie Ernest Leroux, § 101, page 56
  2. ^ Quiggin, E. C. (1906) A Dialect of Donegal, Cambridge University Press, § 267, page 95
  3. ^ Gregory Toner, Sharon Arbuthnot, Máire Ní Mhaonaigh, Marie-Luise Theuerkauf, Dagmar Wodtko, editors (2019), “1 barr”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language

Further reading[edit]

Maltese[edit]

Root
b-r-r
3 terms

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic بَرّ (barr).

Noun[edit]

barr m

  1. wilderness

Etymology 2[edit]

Onomatopoeic.

Verb[edit]

barr (imperfect jborr)

  1. to coo (make a coo sound)
Conjugation[edit]
    Conjugation of barr
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
perfect m barrejt barrejt barr barrejna barrejtu barrew
f barret
imperfect m nborr tborr jborr nborru tborru jborru
f tborr
imperative borr borru

Middle Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *barros (compare Irish barr), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰers-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

barr m (plural barriau)

  1. top
  2. summit, crest

Descendants[edit]

  • Welsh: bar

Mutation[edit]

Middle Welsh mutation
Radical Soft Nasal Aspirate
barr uarr / varr marr unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *baraz.

Noun[edit]

barr n

  1. acicular leaves, needles (of the fir or pine)
  2. barley

Derived terms[edit]

  • barraxlaðr (high-shouldered, with sharp, prominent shoulderbones)
  • barrviðr (pine-forrest; the wood of the fir)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • barr”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Entry "barr" on page 43 in: Geir T. Zoëga "A Concise Dictionary of Old Islandic", Oxford at the Claredon Press (1910).

Romani[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Sanskrit *वर्त (varta, round stone).[1][2]

Noun[edit]

barr m (nominative plural barra)

  1. (International Standard) stone,[2][3] rock[3]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985) “*varta3”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press, page 661
  2. 2.0 2.1 Boretzky, Norbert, Igla, Birgit (1994) “bař”, in Wörterbuch Romani-Deutsch-Englisch für den südosteuropäischen Raum : mit einer Grammatik der Dialektvarianten [Romani-German-English dictionary for the Southern European region] (in German), Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, →ISBN, page 22b
  3. 3.0 3.1 Marcel Courthiade (2009) “o barr, -es- m. -a, -en-”, in Melinda Rézműves, editor, Morri angluni rromane ćhibǎqi evroputni lavustik = Első rromani nyelvű európai szótáram : cigány, magyar, angol, francia, spanyol, német, ukrán, román, horvát, szlovák, görög [My First European-Romani Dictionary: Romani, Hungarian, English, French, Spanish, German, Ukrainian, Romanian, Croatian, Slovak, Greek] (overall work in Hungarian and English), Budapest: Fővárosi Onkormányzat Cigány Ház--Romano Kher, →ISBN, page 75ab

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse barr.

Noun[edit]

barr n

  1. needle; leaf of a coniferous tree
  2. (dated, slang, uncountable) hair

Declension[edit]

Declension of barr 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative barr barret barr barren
Genitive barrs barrets barrs barrens

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

barr c

  1. (gymnastics) parallel bars

Declension[edit]

Declension of barr 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative barr barren barrar barrarna
Genitive barrs barrens barrars barrarnas

Further reading[edit]