From Middle English barli, barly, from Old English bærlīċ (“barley-like”, adjective) (later referring to barley itself and grain crops of similar appearance), from bere (“barley”) (compare Scots bere (“six-rowed barley”)), from Proto-Germanic *baraz (compare Old Norse barr), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰars- (“spike, prickle”). Compare Welsh bara (“bread”), Latin far (“spelt”), Serbo-Croatian бра̏шно/brȁšno (“flour”), Albanian bar (“grass”), Ancient Greek Φήρον (Phḗron, “plant deity”).
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈbɑɹli/
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈbɑːli/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)li
- A cereal of the species Hordeum vulgare, or its grains, often used as food or to make beer and other malted drinks.
- barley sandwich (a beer - Canada)
- barley sugar
- barley water
- four-rowed barley
- little barley (Hordeum pusillum)
- pearl barley
- sea barley (Hordeum marinum)
- six-rowed barley
- sprat barley (Hordeum zeocriton, now Hordeum distichon or Hordeum vulgare)
- two-rowed barley
- wall barley
- A cry for truce in children's games.