شعير

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Aramaicסְעַרְתָּא⁩ / ⁧ܣܥܪܬܐ(səʿārtā), Hebrewשְׂעוֹרָה(śəʿōrā), also meaning barley. From the root ⁧ش ع ر(š-ʕ-r) for its appearance of hairiness.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

شَعِير (šaʕīrm (collective, singulativeشَعِيرَة⁩ f (šaʕīra))

  1. barley
    • 7th century CE, Sunan Abī Dāwud, 23:24:
      الذَّهَبُ بِٱلذَّهَبِ تِبْرُهَا وَعَيْنُهَا وَٱلْفِضَّةُ بِٱلْفِضَّةِ تِبْرُهَا وَعَيْنُهَا وَٱلْبُرُّ بِٱلْبُرِّ مُدْيٌ بِمُدْيٍ وَٱلشَّعِيرُ بِٱلشَّعِيرِ مُدْيٌ بِمُدْيٍ وَٱلتَّمْرُ بِٱلتَّمْرِ مُدْيٌ بِمُدْيٍ وَٱلْمِلْحُ بِٱلْمِلْحِ مُدْيٌ بِمُدْيٍ
      aḏ-ḏahabu bi-ḏ-ḏahabi tibruhā waʕaynuhā wal-fiḍḍatu bi-l-fiḍḍati tibruhā waʕaynuhā wal-burru bi-l-burri mudyun bimudyin waš-šaʕīru bi-š-šaʕīri mudyun bimudyin wat-tamru bi-t-tamri mudyun bimudyin wal-milḥu bi-l-milḥi mudyun bimudyin
      Gold is to be weighed for in gold, raw and coined, silver in silver, raw and coined, wheat in wheat in equal measure, barley in barley in equal measure, dates in dates in equal measure, salt in salt in equal measure.

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Maltese: xgħir
  • Moroccan Arabic: ⁧شعير(šʕīr)
  • Mabaan: cayiira
  • Swahili: shayiri
  • Tigre: ሽዒር (šəʿir)