arpa

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: árpa, ARPA, .arpa, and arpã

Asturian[edit]

Noun[edit]

arpa f ‎(plural arpes)

  1. harp (musical instrument)

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin harpa, from Proto-Germanic *harpǭ.

Noun[edit]

arpa f ‎(plural arpes)

  1. harp

Crimean Tatar[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.
Particularly: “Is there a Turkic root to this word?”

Noun[edit]

arpa

  1. barley

References[edit]

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary][1], Simferopol: Dolya, ISBN 966-7980-89-8

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *arpa.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

arpa

  1. lot (for example dice)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of arpa (Kotus type 9/kala, p-v gradation)
nominative arpa arvat
genitive arvan arpojen
partitive arpaa arpoja
illative arpaan arpoihin
singular plural
nominative arpa arvat
accusative nom. arpa arvat
gen. arvan
genitive arvan arpojen
arpainrare
partitive arpaa arpoja
inessive arvassa arvoissa
elative arvasta arvoista
illative arpaan arpoihin
adessive arvalla arvoilla
ablative arvalta arvoilta
allative arvalle arvoille
essive arpana arpoina
translative arvaksi arvoiksi
instructive arvoin
abessive arvatta arvoitta
comitative arpoineen

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Hiligaynon[edit]

Noun[edit]

árpa

  1. harp, lyre

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin harpa, from Proto-Germanic *harpǭ.

Noun[edit]

arpa f ‎(plural arpe)

  1. harp (musical instrument)
  2. claw

Anagrams[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Noun[edit]

arpa f (plural arpas)

  1. (music) harp
  2. claw

Derived terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin harpa, from Proto-Germanic *harpǭ.

Noun[edit]

arpa f ‎(plural arpas)

  1. harp (musical instrument)

Usage notes[edit]

The feminine noun arpa is like other feminine nouns starting with a stressed a sound in that it takes the definite article el (normally reserved for masculine nouns) in the singular when there is no intervening adjective:

el arpa

However, if an adjective intervenes between the article and the noun, the article reverts to la.


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Turkic [script needed] ‎(arpa, barley), from Proto-Turkic *arpa ‎(barley), which, according to the controversial Altaic hypothesis, is possibly from Proto-Altaic *àrp`á ‎(barley, millet). Possible relation with Ancient Greek άλφι ‎(álphi, mixture of barley, dish). The Turkic form is sometimes compared with Proto-Iranian *arba- (corresponding to Greek alphi), cf. East Iranian forms going back to *arpasyā- (or *arbasyā), but it is not identical (loss of the final syllable is hard to explain). Within Iranian, the word is not found oustide East Iranian (Stachowski). While Blažek (2012) prefers an Indo-European (Iranian) origin of the Altaic words for ‘barley’, Hyllestedt argues that several facts do point to a borrowing in the reverse direction. Starostin argues that the Proto-Japonic parallel *àpá ‎(millet) is a strong argument in favour of the Altaic origin of the Turkic form. Hyllested suggests an additional connection to some kind of root word for ‘witchcraft’, hence comparing Hittite [script needed] ‎(alpant-, being bewitched, affected by sorcer) and Turkic arba ("perform magic, bewitching, tell fortunes"). A form *arpa also occurs in Uralic word for ‘witchcraft’. Hyllestedt further emphasizes that we are dealing either with an Altaic agricultural term of great age or an extra-Indo-European origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɑɾ.pɑ/
  • Hyphenation: ar‧pa

Noun[edit]

arpa ‎(definite accusative arpayı, plural arpalar)

  1. barley

Declension[edit]

References[edit]