rapa

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Rapa, rapá, rápa, râpa, and râpă

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from rappa, a Southern Italian dialect form of grappa (bunch of grapes).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rapa f (plural rapes)

  1. A bunchstem with the grapes removed.
  2. The inflorescence of an olive tree.
  3. Leather of inferior quality.
  4. A name given to various Arum species.

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hrapa, from Proto-Germanic *hrapaną, *hrappa- (fast), from Proto-Indo-European *krb(ʰ)- (quickly).[1]

Verb[edit]

rapa (third person singular past indicative rapaði, third person plural past indicative rapaðu, supine rapað)

  1. (intransitive) to fall

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of rapa (group v-30)
infinitive rapa
supine rapað
participle (a6)1 rapandi rapaður
present past
first singular rapi rapaði
second singular rapar rapaði
third singular rapar rapaði
plural rapa rapaðu
imperative
singular rapa!
plural rapið!
1Only the past participle being declined.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “hrappa-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 243

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈrɑpɑ/, [ˈrɑpɑ]
  • Rhymes: -ɑpɑ
  • Syllabification(key): ra‧pa

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *rapa (crumbly stone, crumbly substance). Cognates include Estonian raba, Karelian rapa, Livonian ra­bā and Votic rapa.

Noun[edit]

rapa

  1. dirt, mud
Declension[edit]
Inflection of rapa (Kotus type 9*E/kala, p-v gradation)
nominative rapa ravat
genitive ravan rapojen
partitive rapaa rapoja
illative rapaan rapoihin
singular plural
nominative rapa ravat
accusative nom. rapa ravat
gen. ravan
genitive ravan rapojen
rapainrare
partitive rapaa rapoja
inessive ravassa ravoissa
elative ravasta ravoista
illative rapaan rapoihin
adessive ravalla ravoilla
ablative ravalta ravoilta
allative ravalle ravoille
essive rapana rapoina
translative ravaksi ravoiksi
instructive ravoin
abessive ravatta ravoitta
comitative rapoineen
Possessive forms of rapa (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person rapani rapamme
2nd person rapasi rapanne
3rd person rapansa
Derived terms[edit]
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *rapa (dregs), borrowed from Proto-Germanic *drabaz. Cognates include Estonian raba, Karelian rapa, Livonian rabād, Veps raba and Votic rapa.

Noun[edit]

rapa

  1. dregs, draff (settled sediment of alcoholic fermented drinks, such as beer)
    Synonyms: mäski, sakka
Declension[edit]
Inflection of rapa (Kotus type 9*E/kala, p-v gradation)
nominative rapa ravat
genitive ravan rapojen
partitive rapaa rapoja
illative rapaan rapoihin
singular plural
nominative rapa ravat
accusative nom. rapa ravat
gen. ravan
genitive ravan rapojen
rapainrare
partitive rapaa rapoja
inessive ravassa ravoissa
elative ravasta ravoista
illative rapaan rapoihin
adessive ravalla ravoilla
ablative ravalta ravoilta
allative ravalle ravoille
essive rapana rapoina
translative ravaksi ravoiksi
instructive ravoin
abessive ravatta ravoitta
comitative rapoineen
Possessive forms of rapa (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person rapani rapamme
2nd person rapasi rapanne
3rd person rapansa
Compounds[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Back-formation from rapar.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rapa f (plural rapas)

  1. strickle, levelling rod
    Da rapa á rebola veña o Demo e escolla (proverb)
    small choice in rotten apples
    (literally, “In between the strickle and the screed, let the demon choose”)
    Synonym: rebola
  2. shear (the act of shearing)
  3. spatula, scraper
    Synonym: espátula
  4. tool for detaching mussels and barnacles from the rocks

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *rapa. Cognates include Finnish rapa and Estonian raba.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rapa

  1. dregs (settled sediment of beer or similar alcoholic beverages)

Declension[edit]

Declension of rapa (type 3/kana, p-v gradation, gemination)
singular plural
nominative rapa ravat
genitive ravan rappoin
partitive rappaa rapoja
illative rappaa rappoi
inessive ravas ravois
elative ravast ravoist
allative ravalle ravoille
adessive raval ravoil
ablative ravalt ravoilt
translative ravaks ravoiks
essive rapanna, rappaan rapoinna, rappoin
exessive1) rapant rapoint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 460

Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Etymology[edit]

From Latin rāpa, neuter plural of rāpum, reinterpreted as a feminine singular. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *rap-. Compare French rave, Venetian rava.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈra.pa/
  • Rhymes: -apa
  • Hyphenation: rà‧pa

Noun[edit]

rapa f (plural rape)

  1. turnip
    Carote e rape sono radici commestibili.
    Carrots and turnips are edible roots.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

rapa

  1. inflection of rapare:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Noun[edit]

rāpa f (genitive rāpae); first declension

  1. Alternative form of rāpum

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative rāpa rāpae
Genitive rāpae rāpārum
Dative rāpae rāpīs
Accusative rāpam rāpās
Ablative rāpā rāpīs
Vocative rāpa rāpae

Noun[edit]

rāpa

  1. nominative/accusative/vocative plural of rāpum

References[edit]

  • rapa”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • rapa in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • rapa in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

rapa

  1. inflection of rape:
    1. simple past
    2. past participle

Polish[edit]

rapa (Leuciscus aspius)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈra.pa/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -apa
  • Syllabification: ra‧pa

Noun[edit]

rapa m anim

  1. asp (species of fish, Aspius aspius, syn. Leuciscus aspius)
    Synonyms: boleń, rap

Further reading[edit]

  • rapa in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • rapa in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

rapa m or f by sense (plural rapas)

  1. (slang, São Paulo) a figure of authority who confiscates merchandise from street vendors
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

rapa

  1. inflection of rapar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Rarotongan[edit]

Noun[edit]

rapa

  1. lightning

Sicilian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin rāpa, neuter plural of rāpum. Compare Italian rapa.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /rˈra.pa/
  • Hyphenation: rà‧pa

Noun[edit]

rapa f (plural rapi)

  1. turnip

References[edit]

  • Traina, Antonino (1868), “rapa”, in Nuovo vocabolario Siciliano-Italiano [New Sicilian-Italian vocabulary] (in Italian), Liber Liber, published 2020, pages 3350–3351

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

rapa

  1. inflection of rapar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Imitative. Cognate with Icelandic ropa.

Verb[edit]

rapa (present rapar, preterite rapade, supine rapat, imperative rapa)

  1. to burp; to belch

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]