English [ edit ]
Etymology [ edit ]
Middle English , sheren , from scheren Old English , from sċieran Proto-Germanic , from *skeraną Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker- ( “ to cut ” ). Cognate with West Frisian , skeare Low German , scheren Dutch , scheren German , scheren Danish , skære Norwegian Bokmål , skjære Norwegian Nynorsk , skjera Swedish , skära Serbo-Croatian ("scissors"); and škare ( from Indo-European ) with Ancient Greek κείρω ( keírō, “ I cut off ” ), Latin caro ( “ flesh ” ), Albanian shqerr ( “ to tear, cut ” ), harr ( “ to cut, to mow ” ), Lithuanian skìrti ( “ separate ” ), Welsh ysgar ( “ separate ” ). See also .
Pronunciation [ edit ]
shear ( third-person singular simple present , shears present participle , shearing simple past sheared or , shore past participle shorn or )
cut, originally with a sword or other bladed weapon, now usually with shears, or as if using shears.
1819, Walter Scott, Ivanhoe: So trenchant was the Templar’s weapon, that it shore asunder, as it had been a willow twig, the tough and plaited handle of the mace, which the ill-fated Saxon reared to parry the blow, and, descending on his head, levelled him with the earth. To
remove the fleece from a sheep etc by clipping.
( physics ) To deform because of forces pushing in opposite directions.
( mathematics ) To transform by displacing every point in a direction parallel to some given line by a distance proportional to the point’s distance from the line.
( mining , intransitive ) To make a vertical cut in the coal.
( Scotland ) To reap, as grain.
(Can we find and add a quotation of Jamieson to this entry?) ( figuratively ) To deprive of property; to fleece.
Translations [ edit ]
esquilar , (ca) tondosar (ca) Chinese:
Mandarin: 切 (zh) ( qiē ) Czech:
stříhat , (cs) , ostříhat ustřihnout Dutch:
afsnijden , (nl) knippen (nl) Finnish:
viiltää (fi) French:
couper (fr) Georgian:
ჭრა ( č̣ra ), გაჭრა ( gač̣ra ) German:
abschneiden , (de) schneiden , (de) scheren (de) ( hair, beard ) Hungarian:
vág , (hu) levág (hu) Ido:
cizagar (io) Indonesian:
memotong (id) Italian:
tagliare (it) Japanese: 切る (ja) ( きる, kiru )
to remove the fleece from a sheep
to deform because of shearing forces
to apply a shear transformation
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
shear ( , countable and uncountable plural )
A cutting tool similar to
scissors, but often larger.
Synonym: shears (Can we
date this quote by Dryden and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?) short of the wool, and naked from the shear The act of shearing, or something removed by shearing.
date this quote by Youatt and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?) After the second shearing, he is a two- shear ram; [… ] at the expiration of another year, he is a three- shear ram; the name always taking its date from the time of shearing.
( physics ) Forces that push in opposite directions.
( mathematics ) A transformation that displaces every point in a direction parallel to some given line by a distance proportional to the point’s distance from the line. ( geology ) The response of a rock to deformation usually by compressive stress, resulting in particular textures.
Derived terms [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
the act of shearing, or something removed by shearing
a force that produces a shearing strain
Adjective [ edit ]
Misspelling of . sheer
Anagrams [ edit ]
, Asher , Rahes , Share , asher , earsh , hares , harse , hears , rheas , sehar , sehra share