sheep

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English[edit]

A domestic sheep

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English sheep, scheep, schep, schepe, from Old English scēap, from Proto-Germanic *skēpą (compare West Frisian skiep, North Frisian schäip (in the Fering-Öömrang dialect, sjep; in the Sölring dialect, sjip; in the Heligoland dialect, skeap), Dutch schaap, German Schaf), beside *keppôn (compare Old Norse kjappi (he-goat), dialectal German Kippe (newborn calf)), of unknown origin. Perhaps from the same Scythian word (compare Ossetian цӕу (cæw, goat), Persian چپش (čapiš, yearling goat))[1] which was borrowed into Albanian as cjap, sqap (he-goat) and into Slavic (compare Polish cap).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sheep (plural sheep)

  1. A woolly ruminant of the genus Ovis.
  2. A timid, shy person who is easily led by others.
  3. (chiefly humorous) plural form of shoop

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Abenaki: azib (from "(a) sheep")

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vladimir Orel, A Handbook of Germanic Etymology, s.vv. "*keppōn", "*skēpan" (Leiden: Brill, 2003), 213, 340

Anagrams[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

sheep (plural sheep)

  1. sheep