ovis

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See also: Ovis

Latin[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Italic *owis, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ówis (sheep) or *h₃éwis. Cognate with Sanskrit अवि (ávi), Ancient Greek ὄϊς (óïs), English ewe.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ovis f (genitive ovis); third declension

  1. sheep
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Evangelium secundum Lucam.15.4-5:
      Quis ex vobis homo qui habet centum oves, et si perdiderit unam ex illis, nonne dimittit nonaginta novem in deserto, et vadit ad illam quae perierat, donec inveniat illam?
      Who among you, if you had a hundred sheep and one of them got lost, wouldn't leave the other ninety-nine behind and go for the lost one until you found it?
Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (i-stem, ablative singular in -e or ).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative ovis ovēs
Genitive ovis ovium
Dative ovī ovibus
Accusative ovem ovēs
ovīs
Ablative ove
ovī
ovibus
Vocative ovis ovēs
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Italian: ove
  • Spanish: oveja
  • Aromanian: oai, oae, oie
  • Istro-Romanian: oie
  • Megleno-Romanian: oaiă

Coordinate terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

ōvīs

  1. dative/ablative plural of ōvum

References[edit]

  • ovis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ovis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ovis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette