ram

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See also: Ram, RAM, rám, râm, Râm, and rắm

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
A ram (male sheep).

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English ram, rom, ramme, from Old English ramm (ram), from Proto-Germanic *rammaz (ram), possibly from *rammaz (strong). Cognate with Saterland Frisian Rom (ram), Dutch ram (a male sheep), German Ramm, Ramme (ram). Possibly akin also to Danish ram (sharp; acrid; rank), Swedish ram (strong; perfect), Faroese ramur (strong; competent), Icelandic rammur (strong; sturdy).

Noun[edit]

ram (plural rams)

  1. (zoology, agriculture) A male sheep, typically uncastrated.
  2. A battering ram; a heavy object used for breaking through doors.
  3. (military, nautical, chiefly historical) A warship intended to sink other ships by ramming them.
    • 1898, H.G. Wells, The War of the Worlds, London: William Heinemann, page 178:
      About a couple of miles out lay an ironclad very low in the water, almost, to my brother's perception, like a water-logged ship. This was the ram Thunder Child.
  4. (military, nautical, chiefly historical) A reinforced section of the bow of a warship, intended to be used for ramming other ships.
  5. A piston powered by hydraulic pressure.
  6. An act of ramming.
  7. A weight which strikes a blow, in a ramming device such as a pile driver, steam hammer, or stamp mill.
Hyponyms[edit]

(warship intended to sink ships by ramming):

Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English rammen, from the noun (see above). Compare Old High German rammen.

Verb[edit]

ram (third-person singular simple present rams, present participle ramming, simple past and past participle rammed)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To collide with (an object), usually with the intention of damaging it or disabling its function.
    The man, driving an SUV, then rammed the gate, according to police.
    • 2016 December 29, M. Kumar, “Snatch thieves accidentally rammed by victim”, in The Star[1], Malaysia:
      Two snatch thieves who snatched a woman's bag experienced swift karma when their victim accidentally rammed into their motorcycle.
    • 2018 October 17, Drachinifel, 25:35 from the start, in Last Ride of the High Seas Fleet - Battle of Texel 1918[2], archived from the original on 4 August 2022:
      The other ships, either not caring or too badly-damaged to do anything about it, proceed on their mission, with König the last to fall silent, shot to pieces in a last attempt to ram the Bellerophon.
    • 2021 December 29, Drachinifel, 21:03 from the start, in The USN Pacific Submarine Campaign - The Dark Year (Dec'41 - Dec'42)[3], archived from the original on 19 July 2022:
      The only amusing highlight was Gudgeon having managed to exploit U.S. codebreaking efforts to ambush and destroy the submarine I-173, albeit not for the lack of the Mark 14's trying to sabotage the effort, as the torpedo that had hit the sub had refused to detonate; it seemed, however, that the car-crash levels of kinetic energy involved in the dud simply ramming the sub had nonetheless done enough to fatally damage it.
  2. (transitive) To strike (something) hard, especially with an implement.
    To build a sturdy fence, you have to ram the posts deep into the ground.
  3. (transitive) To seat a cartridge, projectile, or propellant charge in the breech of a firearm by pushing or striking.
    After placing the cartridge in the musket, ram it down securely with the ramrod.
  4. (transitive, also figurative) To force, cram or thrust (someone or something) into or through something.
    • 2023 July 4, Marina Hyde, “Who’s for political Bazball with Rishi? Voters? Tories? Anyone?”, in The Guardian[4]:
      Again: great to take lessons in ethics from a guy currently trying to ram through a policy of freighting refugees off to cuddly Rwandan president Paul Kagame.
  5. (transitive) To fill or compact by pounding or driving.
    rammed earth walls
  6. (slang) To thrust during sexual intercourse.
    • 1999, Mr.Web, Size Matters review by mr. web review Group: rec.arts.movies.erotica
      like feel a soft butt against their pelvis or ram a girl really hard with piston-like speed while she begs and screams for more
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Likely from Old Norse ramr, rammr (strong, rank, bitter), from Proto-Germanic *rammaz (strong, overbearing; acrid, rank), perhaps ultimately related to Etymology 1 above. Compare Scots ram (a rank odour). Compare also Middle English rammish (rank, offensive in smell).

Adjective[edit]

ram (comparative more ram, superlative most ram)

  1. (Northern England) Rancid; offensive in smell or taste.

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Latin rāmus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ram m (plural rams)

  1. bouquet, bunch
  2. (architecture) flight of stairs
  3. (figurative) branch (area in business or of knowledge, research)

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch ram (a male sheep), from Old Dutch *ram, of West-Germanic origin, possibly from Proto-Germanic *rammaz (strong). Cognate to English ram (a male sheep).

Noun[edit]

ram m (plural rammen, diminutive rammetje n, feminine ooi)

  1. ram (male sheep)
  2. male rabbit
  3. battering ram

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

ram

  1. inflection of rammen:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. imperative

Anagrams[edit]

Elfdalian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ram

  1. hoarse

Inflection[edit]

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Friulian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin rāmus.

Noun[edit]

ram m (plural rams)

  1. branch
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *arāmen, variant of Late Latin aerāmen, derived from Latin aer-. Compare Italian rame.

Noun[edit]

ram m

  1. copper

Gerka[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to Ngas am (water).

Noun[edit]

ram

  1. water

References[edit]

  • Takács, Gábor (2007) Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian, volume 3, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 201, →ISBN:
    [] we should carefully distinguish the following Ch. roots from AA *m-ˀ "water" [GT]:
    (1) Ch. *h-m "water" [GT]: WCh. *hama [Stl.]: AS *ham (Gmy. *hām) [GT 2004, 153] = *am [Stl. 1977] = *ham [Dlg.] = *ham [Stl. 1987]: Gerka ram [ɣam, ref. < *ham] [Ftp. 1911, 221] = ɣàm "Wasser" [Jng. 1965, 174], []

Haruai[edit]

Noun[edit]

ram

  1. house

Further reading[edit]

  • Dicky Gilbers, John A. Nerbonne, J. Schaeken, Languages in Contact (2000, →ISBN), page 84: "Examples of basic vocabulary items that are shared by Haruai and Kobon but not by Hagahai (on the basis of the lists in Davies and Comrie (1984)) include, for instance: Haruai ram, Kobon ram 'house';"

Kobon[edit]

Noun[edit]

ram

  1. house

Further reading[edit]

  • Bernard Comrie, Switch Reference in Huichol, in Switch-reference and Universal Grammar, edited by John Haiman, Pamela Munro, page 29 (in notes):
    hol bɨ kaj pak-ul ram ud ar-bul
    we-two man pig strike SS-1DU house take go I-1DU
    'we two killed a pig and took it home'
  • Dicky Gilbers, John A. Nerbonne, J. Schaeken, Languages in Contact (2000, →ISBN), page 84: "Examples of basic vocabulary items that are shared by Haruai and Kobon but not by Hagahai (on the basis of the lists in Davies and Comrie (1984)) include, for instance: Haruai ram, Kobon ram 'house';"

Maltese[edit]

Chemical element
Cu
Previous: nikil (Ni)
Next: żingu (Zn)

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Italian rame (copper).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ram m

  1. (chemistry) copper

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English ramm, from Proto-Germanic *rammaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ram/, /raːm/, /rɔm/

Noun[edit]

ram (plural rams)

  1. male sheep, ram
  2. (astrology) Aries
  3. pile driver, battering ram

Descendants[edit]

  • English: ram
  • Scots: ram

References[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Verb[edit]

ram

  1. imperative of ramme

Old Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin rāmus. Gallo-Romance cognate with Old French raim.

Noun[edit]

ram m (oblique plural rams, nominative singular rams, nominative plural ram)

  1. branch (of a tree, etc.)

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Latin rāmus, from Proto-Indo-European *wréh₂ds (root).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ram n (plural ramuri)

  1. (rare) branch, bough
    Synonyms: creangă, ramură

Related terms[edit]

Romansch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin rāmus.

Noun[edit]

ram m (plural rams)

  1. (Puter) branch (of tree, river, etc.)
  2. (Puter, education) subject
Alternative forms[edit]
  • rom (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Surmiran, Vallader)
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Germanic borrowing, ultimately from Proto-Germanic *ramō (frame).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Noun[edit]

ram m (plural rams)

  1. (Puter) frame, framework
Alternative forms[edit]
  • rom (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Surmiran, Vallader)
  • rama (Sursilvan)

Etymology 3[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

ram f (plural rams)

  1. (Puter) knot, gnarl
Alternative forms[edit]
  • rom (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Surmiran, Vallader)

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Swedish rama, from Middle Low German rame, ultimately from Proto-Germanic *ramō (frame).

Noun[edit]

ram c

  1. frame (e.g. around a painting)
  2. frame, boundaries (the set of options for actions given)
  3. frame (a context for understanding)
  4. bicycle frame
Declension[edit]
Declension of ram 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ram ramen ramar ramarna
Genitive rams ramens ramars ramarnas
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Swedish ramber, Old Norse hrammr (bear's claw; paw).

Noun[edit]

ram c

  1. a front paw of a bear
  2. (figurative) a large hand
Declension[edit]
Declension of ram 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ram ramen ramar ramarna
Genitive rams ramens ramars ramarnas
See also[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Ternate[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ram

  1. (transitive) to wipe with both hands

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of ram
Singular Plural
Inclusive Exclusive
1st toram foram miram
2nd noram niram
3rd Masculine oram iram, yoram
Feminine moram
Neuter iram
- archaic

References[edit]

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English rum.

Noun[edit]

ram

  1. rum

Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Verb[edit]

ram (𤓆)

  1. (cooking) to sauté then braise with added water or coconut water
    sườn ramribs cooked with such a method

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

ram

  1. (Central Vietnam) fried spring roll
    Synonyms: nem rán, chả giò