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Borrowed from Old French damage (Modern French dommage), from Vulgar Latin *damnaticum from Classical Latin damnum.


  • IPA(key): /ˈdæmɪdʒ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æmɪdʒ
  • Hyphenation: dam‧age


damage (countable and uncountable, plural damages)

  1. Injury or harm; the condition or measure of something not being intact.
    The storm did a lot of damage to the area.
    • Francis Bacon
      Great errors and absurdities many commit for want of a friend to tell them of them, to the great damage both of their fame and fortune.
  2. (slang) Cost or expense.
    "What's the damage?" he asked the waiter.

Related terms[edit]



damage (third-person singular simple present damages, present participle damaging, simple past and past participle damaged)

  1. (transitive) To impair the soundness, goodness, or value of; to harm or cause destruction.
    Be careful not to damage any of the fragile items while unpacking them.
    • 1774, Edward Long, The History of Jamaica. Or, General Survey of the Antient and Modern State of that Island, volume 2, book 2, chapter 7, 5:
      The building was erected in two years, at the parochial expence, on the foundation of the former one, which was irreparably damaged by the hurricane of Auguſt, 1712.
    • Clarendon
      He [] came up to the English admiral and gave him a broadside, with which he killed many of his men and damaged the ship.

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The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Old French[edit]


From Vulgar Latin *damnaticum from Classical Latin damnum. Cognate with Old Occitan damnatge.


damage m (oblique plural damages, nominative singular damages, nominative plural damage)

  1. damage
  2. injury, hurt, insult

Related terms[edit]