damage

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English damage, from Old French damage (Modern French dommage), from Vulgar Latin *damnaticum from Classical Latin damnum.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈdæmɪdʒ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æmɪdʒ
  • Hyphenation: dam‧age

Noun[edit]

damage (countable and uncountable, plural damages)

  1. Injury or harm; the condition or measure of something not being intact.
    The storm did a lot of damage to the area.
    • 1625, Francis Bacon, Of Friendship
      Great errors and absurdities many {{..}}commit for want of a friend to tell them of them, to the great damage both of their fame and fortune.
  2. (slang) Cost or expense.
    "What's the damage?" he asked the waiter.

Usage notes[edit]

Currently it is only used as an uncountable noun,[1][2][3][4][5] except in the plural. There are few examples of countable (singular) use.[6]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

damage (third-person singular simple present damages, present participle damaging, simple past and past participle damaged)

  1. (transitive) To impair the soundness, goodness, or value of; to harm or cause destruction.
    Be careful not to damage any of the fragile items while unpacking them.
    Cold temperatures, heavy rain, falling rocks, strong winds and glacier movement can damage the equipment.
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To undergo damage.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ damage in Cambridge Dictionary
  2. ^ damage in Collins Dictionary
  3. ^ damage in Longman Dictionary
  4. ^ damage (noun) in Macmillan Dictionary
  5. ^ damage (noun) in Oxford Learners' Dictionaries
  6. ^ “that I…brought faire beauty to so fowle a domage” (Thomas Watson, The tears of Fancie, or Love disdained, 1593); “…however, ’tis an unspeakable damage to him for want of his money.” (Daniel Defoe, Colonel Jack, 1840)

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French damage, from Vulgar Latin *damnaticum.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /damˈaːdʒ(ə)/, /dɔmˈaːdʒ(ə)/, /ˈdamadʒ(ə)/

Noun[edit]

damage (plural damages)

  1. damage, harm, injury
  2. loss (of reputation, etc.)
  3. (rare) disability, weakness
  4. (law, often in the plural) damages (compensation for loss)

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: damage
  • Scots: dammish

References[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *damnaticum from Classical Latin damnum. Cognate with Old Occitan damnatge.

Noun[edit]

damage m (oblique plural damages, nominative singular damages, nominative plural damage)

  1. damage
  2. injury, hurt, insult

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]