cena

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Cena, cená, cenà, cenâ, cenā, ceną, ċena, and cé na

Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology[edit]

From Old Czech cěna, from Proto-Slavic *cěna, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *kainā́ˀ, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷoynéh₂.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈt͡sɛna]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛna

Noun[edit]

cena f

  1. price
  2. prize

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • cena in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • cena in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cēna, from Proto-Italic *kertsnā, from Proto-Indo-European *kért-s-nh₂ (portion), from *ker-, *sker-. Compare Spanish cena and Portuguese ceia.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈt͡ʃe.na/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ena
  • Hyphenation: cé‧na

Noun[edit]

cena f (plural cene)

  1. dinner (evening meal)

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

cena

  1. inflection of cenare:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Latin cesna, from Proto-Italic *kertsnā (compare Umbrian śesna, Oscan kersnu), from Proto-Indo-European *kért-sneh₂ (portion), from root *(s)kert- (to cut), from *(s)ker- (compare Lithuanian kérti, Armenian քերթել (kʿertʿel, to skin), Sanskrit कृन्तति (kṛntáti, he cuts (in pieces))).[1] Related to cortex, scortum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cēna f (genitive cēnae); first declension

  1. dinner, supper, principal meal (anciently taken at noon, afterwards later)
  2. (law, historical) gwestva (a duty levied by Welsh kings twice a year upon the free men of their kingdom)

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cēna cēnae
Genitive cēnae cēnārum
Dative cēnae cēnīs
Accusative cēnam cēnās
Ablative cēnā cēnīs
Vocative cēna cēnae

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Balkan Romance:
    • Aromanian: tsinã
    • Romanian: cină
  • Dalmatian:
  • Italo-Romance:
  • Padanian:
  • Northern Gallo-Romance:
    • Franco-Provençal: céna (dialectal)
  • Southern Gallo-Romance:
  • Ibero-Romance:
  • Insular Romance:
    • Sardinian: chena (Logudorese), cena (Campidanese)
Borrowings

References[edit]

  • cena”, in Charlton T[homas] Lewis; Charles [Lancaster] Short (1879) [] A New Latin Dictionary [], New York, N.Y.; Cincinnati, Ohio; Chicago, Ill.: American Book Company; Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • cena”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cena in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • cena in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the main dish: caput cenae (Fin. 2. 8. 25)
    • to invite some one to dinner: aliquem vocare, invitare ad cenam
    • to accept an invitiation to dinner: promittere (ad cenam) (Off. 3. 14. 58)
    • during dinner; at table: inter cenam, inter epulas
    • to invite oneself to some one's house for dinner: condicere alicui (ad cenam)
    • to welcome some one to one's table: adhibere aliquem cenae or ad cenam, convivio or in convivium
    • to set a repast before a person: cenam alicui apponere
  • cena”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cena”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  1. ^ Michiel de Vaan, Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the Other Italic Languages (Leiden: Brill, 2008), 106.

Verb[edit]

cēnā

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of cēnō

Latvian[edit]

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Slavic.

Noun[edit]

cena f (4th declension)

  1. price

Declension[edit]


Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *cěna, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *kainā́ˀ, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷoynéh₂, from *kʷey- (to pay), whence English pain and penalty.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cena f

  1. price

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

verbs
nouns
adjectives
adverbs

Further reading[edit]

  • cena in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • cena in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin scaena.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cena f (plural cenas)

  1. scene
  2. stage
    Synonym: palco
    em cenaon stage
  3. (Portugal, informal) thing
    Synonyms: coisa, troço, treco, negócio, bagulho, bagaça, trem, pira, bang

Quotations[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:cena.


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Serbo-Croatian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sh

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *cěna, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *kainā́ˀ, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷoynéh₂.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /t͡sěːna/
  • Hyphenation: ce‧na

Noun[edit]

céna f (Cyrillic spelling це́на)

  1. price
  2. value, worth

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Slovak Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sk

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *cěna, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *kainā́ˀ, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷoynéh₂.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cena f (genitive singular ceny, nominative plural ceny, genitive plural cien, declension pattern of žena)

  1. price

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • cena in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk

Slovene[edit]

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *cěna, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *kainā́ˀ, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷoynéh₂.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cẹ́na f

  1. price (cost required to gain possession of something)

Inflection[edit]

Feminine, a-stem
nom. sing. céna
gen. sing. céne
singular dual plural
nominative céna céni céne
accusative céno céni céne
genitive céne cén cén
dative céni cénama cénam
locative céni cénah cénah
instrumental céno cénama cénami

Further reading[edit]

  • cena”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cēna, from Proto-Italic *kertsnā, from Proto-Indo-European *kért-s-nh₂ (portion), from *ker-, *sker-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (Spain) /ˈθena/, [ˈθe.na]
  • IPA(key): (Latin America) /ˈsena/, [ˈse.na]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

cena f (plural cenas)

  1. supper, dinner

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

cena

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of cenar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of cenar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of cenar.

Further reading[edit]