koan

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See also: kōan

English[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Japanese 公案 (こうあん), which was from Literary Chinese 公案 ‎(official business).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

koan ‎(plural koans)

  1. (Zen Buddhism) A story about a Zen master and his student, sometimes like a riddle, other times like a fable, which has become an object of Zen study, and which, when meditated upon, may unlock mechanisms in the Zen student’s mind leading to satori.
    • 1979, Douglas R. Hofstadter, Gödel, Escher, Bach: an Eternal Golden Braid
      Achilles: Let me tell you a kōan about an imitator.
      Zen master Gutei raised his finger whenever he was asked a question about Zen. A young novice began to imitate him in this way. When Gutei was told about the novice’s imitation, he sent for him and asked him if it were true. The novice admitted it was so. Gutei asked him if he understood. In reply the novice held up his index finger. Gutei promptly cut it off. The novice ran from the room, howling in pain. As he reached the threshold, Gutei called, “Boy!” When the novice turned, Gutei raised his index finger. At that instant the novice was enlightened.
  2. A riddle with no solution, used to provoke reflection on the inadequacy of logical reasoning, and to lead to enlightenment.
    • 1973, Thomas Pynchon, Gravity’s Rainbow
      Gibberish. Or else a koan that Achtfaden isn’t equipped to master, a transcendent puzzle that could lead him to some moment of light.
    • 2001, Joyce Carol Oates, Middle Age : A Romance (Fourth Estate, paperback edition, 303)
      As always the koan “Why, Why am I here, why here” begins in her head, but she beats it back like a housewife with a broom.

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Japanese 公案 ‎(kōan), from Literary Chinese 公案 (literally, "public case").

Noun[edit]

koan m ‎(plural koan)

  1. koan

Anagrams[edit]

External links[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English koan, from Japanese 公案 ‎(kōan), from Literary Chinese 公案 (literally, "public case").

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈkoːɒn]
  • Hyphenation: ko‧an

Noun[edit]

koan ‎(plural koanok)

  1. koan

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative koan koanok
accusative koant koanokat
dative koannak koanoknak
instrumental koannal koanokkal
causal-final koanért koanokért
translative koanná koanokká
terminative koanig koanokig
essive-formal koanként koanokként
essive-modal
inessive koanban koanokban
superessive koanon koanokon
adessive koannál koanoknál
illative koanba koanokba
sublative koanra koanokra
allative koanhoz koanokhoz
elative koanból koanokból
delative koanról koanokról
ablative koantól koanoktól
Possessive forms of koan
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. koanom koanjaim
2nd person sing. koanod koanjaid
3rd person sing. koanja koanjai
1st person plural koanunk koanjaink
2nd person plural koanotok koanjaitok
3rd person plural koanjuk koanjaik

Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

koan ‎(plural koans)

  1. shell, seashell

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]