donn

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See also: Donn and dónn

Central Franconian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • don (northern Moselle Franconian, some dialects of Ripuarian)
  • dun (southern Moselle Franconian)

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German *duon, northern variant of tuon, from Proto-Germanic *dōną.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

donn (third-person singular present deet or deit, past tense dät, past participle jedon or jedonn)

  1. (many dialects of Ripuarian, including Kölsch) to do
  2. (many dialects of Ripuarian, including Kölsch) used in the subjunctive with a following infinitive to form the conditional tense
    Ich dät jo noch jet blieve, ävver meng Frau well heem.
    I would stay some more, but my wife wants to go home.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The past participle has an open vowel /ɔ/, either long or short, but never /o/ as in the infinitive.

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish donn, from Proto-Celtic *dusnos (brown), from Proto-Indo-European *dusnos-, *donnos- (dark), from *dʰewh₂- (smoke).

Adjective[edit]

donn (genitive singular masculine doinn, genitive singular feminine doinne, plural donna, comparative doinne)

  1. brown
  2. brown-haired, brunette
    1. made of hard brown timber
    2. strong, solid
  3. used as intensifying term
Declension[edit]
Obsolete spellings
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

donn m or f (genitive singular doinn or doinne)

  1. brown (colour)
  2. brown animal (masculine or feminine declined differently)
  3. hard brown timber
Declension[edit]
Feminine (only used to refer to a female brown animal)

Verb[edit]

donn (present analytic donnann, future analytic donnfaidh, verbal noun donnadh, past participle donnta)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) Alternative form of donnaigh (brown; tan, rust)
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish donn (chief, lord, noble), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰus-no-.

Noun[edit]

donn m (genitive singular doinn, nominative plural doinn)

  1. (literary) noble, prince
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
  • Donn m (proper noun)

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

donn f (genitive singular doinne, nominative plural donna)

  1. Alternative form of dronn (hump; camber)
Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
donn dhonn ndonn
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Maltese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic. Probably the imperfect of ظَنَّ(ẓanna, to think, opine, conjecture) in a phrase like أَظُنُّهُم مُتَضايِقِين (ʾaẓunnuhum mutaḍāyiqīn, I think them despondent). Then reconstrued as an adverb (or false verb). Alternatively from the related noun ظَنّ(ẓann, opinion, conjecture), but this seems unlikely.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

donn-

  1. seemingly, by appearance
    Kienu donnhom imdejqin.
    They seemed despondent.
    (literally, “They were (by) their appearance despondent.”)
    Donnok ma tifhimx.
    You don’t seem to understand.
    (literally, “(By) your appearance you don’t understand.”)

Usage notes[edit]

  • As above, the word takes pronominal suffixes according to the subject.

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *dusnos (brown).

Adjective[edit]

donn

  1. brown, tawny, dun
  2. (of eyes) hazel
  3. (of animals) chestnut
Inflection[edit]
o/ā-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative donn donn donn
Vocative duinn*
donn**
Accusative donn duinn
Genitive duinn duinne duinn
Dative donn duinn donn
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative duinn donna
Vocative donnu
donna
Accusative donnu
donna
Genitive donn
Dative donnaib
Notes *modifying a noun whose vocative is different from its nominative

**modifying a noun whose vocative is identical to its nominative
† not when substantivized

Alternative declension:

o/ā-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative donn donn donn
Vocative doinn*
donn**
Accusative donn doinn
Genitive doinn doinne doinn
Dative donn doinn donn
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative doinn donna
Vocative donnu
donna
Accusative donnu
donna
Genitive donn
Dative donnaib
Notes *modifying a noun whose vocative is different from its nominative

**modifying a noun whose vocative is identical to its nominative
† not when substantivized

Descendants[edit]
  • Irish: donn
  • Manx: dhone
  • Scottish Gaelic: donn

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *dʰus-no-.

Noun[edit]

donn m

  1. chief, lord, noble
    Synonyms: mál, toísech, túathach, úachtarán
  2. lordship, chieftainship
    Synonyms: flaith, tigernas
Declension[edit]
Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative donn donnL duinnL
Vocative duinn donnL donnuH
Accusative donnN donnL donnuH
Genitive duinnL donn donnN
Dative donnL donnaib donnaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Descendants[edit]

Adjective[edit]

donn

  1. princely, noble

Declension[edit]

o/ā-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative donn donn donn
Vocative duinn*
donn**
Accusative donn duinn
Genitive duinn duinne duinn
Dative donn duinn donn
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative duinn donna
Vocative donnu
donna
Accusative donnu
donna
Genitive donn
Dative donnaib
Notes *modifying a noun whose vocative is different from its nominative

**modifying a noun whose vocative is identical to its nominative
† not when substantivized

Alternative declension
o/ā-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative donn donn donn
Vocative doinn*
donn**
Accusative donn doinn
Genitive doinn doinne doinn
Dative donn doinn donn
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative doinn donna
Vocative donnu
donna
Accusative donnu
donna
Genitive donn
Dative donnaib
Notes *modifying a noun whose vocative is different from its nominative

**modifying a noun whose vocative is identical to its nominative
† not when substantivized

Etymology 3[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

donn (gender unknown, genitive duinn)

  1. theft, stolen property
Inflection[edit]

Its gender is unknown, although Binchy in his edition of Críth Gablach provisionally treats it as neuter.

Neuter o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative donnN donnN donnL, donna
Vocative donnN donnN donnL, donna
Accusative donnN donnN donnL, donna
Genitive duinnL donn donnN
Dative donnL donnaib donnaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
donn donn
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/
ndonn
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish donn, from Proto-Celtic *dusnos (brown), from Proto-Indo-European *dusnos-, *donnos- (dark), from *dʰewh₂- (smoke).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

donn (comparative duinne)

  1. brown
  2. brown-haired, brunette

Declension[edit]

Case Masculine singular Feminine singular Plural
Nominative donn dhonn donna
Vocative dhuinn dhonn donna
Genitive dhuinn dhuinn/duinne donna
Dative dhonn dhuinn donna

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
donn dhonn
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

See also[edit]

Colors in Scottish Gaelic · dathan (layout · text)
     bàn      glas      dubh
             dearg; ruadh              orainds; donn              buidhe; donn
             uaine              uaine              gorm; gorm
             liath; glas              liath              gorm
             purpaidh; guirmean              pinc; purpaidh              pinc

Further reading[edit]

  • donn” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic–English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019) , “1 donn”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language