gorm

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: Gorm

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

A variant of gaum (from Old Norse; compare Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐌿𐌼𐌾𐌰𐌽 ‎(gaumjan, observe)), with the ‘r’ being a vowel-lengthening device common in non-rhotic dialects of English. See gaum for more.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • gawm (UK dialects)

Verb[edit]

gorm ‎(third-person singular simple present gorms, present participle gorming, simple past and past participle gormed)

  1. (Britain and US, dialects) To gawk; to stare or gape.
    • 1922, Elinor Mordaunt, Laura Creichton, page 110:
      Passing through St. George's Square, Lupus Street, Chichester Street, he scarcely saw a soul; then, quite suddenly, he struck a dense crowd, kept back by the police, standing gorming at a great jagged hole in a high blank wall, a glimpse, the merest glimpse of more broken walls, shattered chimneys.
    • 1901, New Outlook, volume 67, page 408:
      "Tell Sannah to bring some coffee," said the young woman to a diminutive Kaffir boy, who stood gorming at us with round black eyes.
    • 1990, Jean Ure, Play Nimrod for him (ISBN 0370311841), page 96:
      They would stand in silence, mindlessly gorming at each other, []
    • 2005, Lynne Truss, The Lynne Truss Treasury: Columns and Three Comic Novels (ISBN 1101218266):
      In particular, we like to emphasize that, far from wasting our childhoods (not to mention adulthoods) mindlessly gorming at The Virginian and The Avengers, we spent those couch-potato years in rigorous preparation for our chosen career.

Related terms[edit]

  • goam ‎(see, recognize, take notice of)
  • gaum ‎(understand; comprehend; consider)

Etymology 2[edit]

A variant of gaum (itself likely a variant of gum), with the ‘r’ being a vowel-lengthening device common in non-rhotic dialects of English.

Verb[edit]

gorm ‎(third-person singular simple present gorms, present participle gorming, simple past and past participle gormed)

  1. Alternative form of gaum (to smear).
    • 1884, Margaret Elizabeth Majendie, Out of their element, page 70:
      'It is quite ruined.'
      'How did she do it? What a pity!'
      'With paint—assisting in the painting of a garden-gate. She told me the pleasure of "gorming" it on was too irresistible to be resisted; and the poor little new gown in done for.'
    • 1909, Augusta Kortrecht, The Widow Mary, in Good Housekeeping, volume 48, page 182:
      "It was in a little sprinkler bottle, an' I gormed it onto my vittles good an' thick. Lordy, Lordy, an' now I got to die!"
    • For usage examples of this term, see Citations:gorm.

References[edit]

  • Bennett Wood Green, Word-book of Virginia Folk-speech (1912), page 202:
    Gorm, v. To smear, as with anything sticky. When a child has smeared its face with something soft and sticky, they say: "Look how you have gormed your face."

Etymology 3[edit]

From gormandize/gormandise.

Verb[edit]

gorm ‎(third-person singular simple present gorms, present participle gorming, simple past and past participle gormed)

  1. (colloquial, rare) To devour; to wolf down (food).
    • 1885 James Johonnot, Neighbors with Claws and Hoofs, and Their Kin, page 105:
      The bear came up to the berries and stopped. Not accustomed to eat out of a pail, he tipped it over, and nosed about the fruit "gorming" it down, mixed with leaves and dirt, []
    • 1920, Outdoor Recreation: The Magazine that Brings the Outdoors In:
      [] an itinerant bruin and with naught on his hands but time and an appetite, [to] wander from ravine to ravine and gorm down this delectable fruit.
    • 1980, Michael G. Karni, Finnish Americana, page 5:
      As Luohi said later, "He gormed it. Nay, he didn't eat it. He gormed it, the pig."

Etymology 4[edit]

Supposed by some to be related to gormless and/or gorming, and by others to be related to gorm ‎(smear) (itself probably related to gum ‎(make sticky; impair the functioning of)).[1]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

gorm ‎(third-person singular simple present gorms, present participle gorming, simple past and past participle gormed)

  1. (dialectal, chiefly Southern US, Appalachia, New England, often with ‘up’) To make a mess of.
    • 1910, English Mechanic and World of Science, volume 91, page 273:
      I find the cheap shilling self-filling pen advertised in these pages excellent value—quite equal to that of fountain-pens I have paid ten times as much for. It is also durable. I am a careless person, and prefer to discard it when I have “gormed” it []
    • 2008, Christine Blevins, Midwife of the Blue Ridge (ISBN 0425221687), page 133:
      "Truth is, I've gormed it all up, Alistair. When it comes t' women — nice women anyway — I'm as caw-handed and cork-brained as any pimply boy."

References[edit]

  • Maine lingo: boiled owls, billdads & wazzats (1975), page 114: "A man who bungles a job has gormed it. Anybody who stumbles over his own feet is gormy."
  • Smoky Mountain Voices: A Lexicon of Southern Appalachian Speech (1993, ISBN 0813129583): "gorm: [v. to make a mess.] If a house be in disorder it is said to be all gormed or gaumed up (B 368)."
  1. ^ Smoky Mountain Voices: A Lexicon of Southern Appalachian Speech (1993, ISBN 0813129583)

Cornish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *gorsmos. Same root as Welsh gwrm ‎(dusky) and Irish gorm ‎(blue).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gorm

  1. dark brown

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish gorm ‎(blue), from Proto-Celtic *gorsmos. Same root as Welsh gwrm ‎(dusky).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gorm ‎(genitive singular masculine goirm, genitive singular feminine goirme, plural gorma, comparative goirme)

  1. blue
  2. (of people, skin) black

Declension[edit]

Obsolete spellings

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
gorm ghorm ngorm
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish gorm ‎(blue), from Proto-Celtic *gorsmos. Same root as Welsh gwrm ‎(dusky).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gorm ‎(comparative guirme)

  1. blue
  2. Of blue-green to verdant colour, when applied to plants.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]