dubh

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish dub, from Proto-Celtic *dubus (black), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewbʰ- (black). Cognates include English deaf.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

dubh (genitive singular masculine duibh, genitive singular feminine duibhe, plural dubha, comparative duibhe or dúcha)

  1. black
  2. black-haired

Declension[edit]

  • Alternative comparative form: dúcha (Cois Fharraige)

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

dubh m (genitive singular duibh)

  1. black

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
dubh dhubh ndubh
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

See also[edit]

Colors in Irish · dathanna (layout · text)
     bán      liath      dubh      donn
             bándearg              dearg, corcairdhearg              oráiste              buí, bánbhuí
             ?              glas              {{{mint green}}}, {{{dark green}}}              cian, ?
             gormghlas              gorm              ?, indeagó              maigeanta, corcra

Further reading[edit]

  • "dubh" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • dub” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish dub (black), from Proto-Celtic *dubus (black), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewbʰ- (black). Cognates within Celtic include Breton du (black), Welsh du (black), Cornish duv or du (black), Gaulish river name Dubis, now Doubs. Cognates outside Celtic include Ancient Greek τυφλός (tuphlós, blind), Gothic 𐌳𐌰𐌿𐌱𐍃 (daubs, deaf), German taub (deaf), English deaf, English dumb.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /t̪ʊv/, /t̪uːv/, /t̪uː/, /t̪u/

Adjective[edit]

dubh

  1. black
  2. black-haired
    Tha Dòmhnall Dubh an Dòmhnallaich a-nochd a' tòir air Mòraig.Black-haired Donald MacDonald is chasing after Morag tonight.

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

dubh m (genitive singular duibh, plural dubhan)

  1. blackness, darkness
  2. ink
  3. pupil (of eye)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

dubh (past dhubh, future dubhaidh, verbal noun dubhadh, past participle dubhte)

  1. blacken

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
dubh dhubh
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

See also[edit]

Colors in Scottish Gaelic · dathan (layout · text)
     bàn      glas      dubh      donn
             pinc              dearg, ruadh              orainds              buidhe, donn
             uaine              uaine              gorm, gorm              liath, glas
             liath              gorm              purpaidh, guirmean              pinc, purpaidh

References[edit]

  1. ^ dubh at Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language, Alexander MacBain, Eneas Mackay, 1911 . Accessed 4 Feb. 2015.
  2. ^ dub” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76. Accessed 4 Feb. 2015.

Further reading[edit]