dubh

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish dub, from Proto-Celtic *dubus ‎(black), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewbʰ- ‎(black). Cognates include English deaf.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

dubh ‎(genitive singular masculine duibh, genitive singular feminine duibhe, plural dubha, comparative duibhe)

  1. black
  2. black-haired

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

dubh m ‎(genitive singular duibh)

  1. black

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
dubh dhubh ndubh
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish dub ‎(black), from Proto-Celtic *dubus ‎(black), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewbʰ- ‎(black). Cognates within Celtic include Breton du ‎(black), Welsh du ‎(black), Cornish duv or du ‎(black), Gaulish river name Dubis, now Doubs. Cognates outside Celtic include Ancient Greek τυφλός ‎(tuphlós, blind), Gothic 𐌳𐌰𐌿𐌱𐍃 ‎(daubs, deaf), German taub ‎(deaf), English deaf, English dumb.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /dʊv/, /duːv/, /duː/, [d̪̊u], /t̪u/

Adjective[edit]

dubh

  1. black
  2. black-haired
    Tha Dòmhnall Dubh an Dòmnallaich an tòir air Mòraig a-nochd. ― Black-haired Donald MacDonald is chasing after Morag tonight.

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

dubh m ‎(genitive singular duibh, plural dubhan)

  1. blackness, darkness
  2. ink
  3. pupil (of eye)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

dubh ‎(past dhubh, future dubhaidh, verbal noun dubhadh, past participle dubhte)

  1. to blacken

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ dubh at Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language, Alexander MacBain, Eneas Mackay, 1911 . Accessed 4 Feb. 2015.
  2. ^ "dub" in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76. Accessed 4 Feb. 2015.