geal

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

French geler, from Latin gelare, from gelu. See gelid.

Verb[edit]

geal ‎(third-person singular simple present geals, present participle gealing, simple past and past participle gealed)

  1. (obsolete or Scotland) To congeal.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.


Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish gel, from Proto-Celtic *gelos, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃-(to shine).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

geal m ‎(genitive singular gil)

  1. white, bright(ness)

Adjective[edit]

geal ‎(genitive singular masculine gil, genitive singular feminine gile, plural geala, comparative gile)

  1. white, bright
  2. clear
    Tá a craiceann chomh geal le sneachta.
    Her skin is as white as snow.
  3. (literary) fallow
  4. (figuratively) bright, pure; glad, happy; dear, beloved, fond

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

geal ‎(present analytic gealann, future analytic gealfaidh, verbal noun gealadh, past participle gealta)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) whiten, brighten; clear
    Gheal an spéir.‎ ― The sky cleared.
  2. (transitive, intransitive, figuratively) make, become, glad, happy, fond

Conjugation[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
geal gheal ngeal
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "geal" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 1 gel” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish gel, from Proto-Celtic *gelos, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃-(to shine).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

geal ‎(comparative gile)

  1. white, bright, pale
    "Ma 's e 'n t-iasg do choinnlean geala, ma 's e na ròin do luchd-faire..." ("If the fish are thy candles bright, if the seals are thy watchmen...")

Declension[edit]

Case Masculine singular Feminine singular Plural
Nominative geal gheal geala
Vocative ghil ghil geala
Genitive ghil ghil/gile geala
Dative ghil ghil geala

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • 1 gel” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.