dearg

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish derg, from Proto-Celtic *dergos (red, crimson), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰerg- (to dim, darken); compare Old English deorc (dark) and Tocharian A tärkär/B tarkär (cloud).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

dearg (genitive singular masculine deirg, genitive singular feminine deirge, plural dearga, comparative deirge)

  1. red
  2. live (being in a state of ignition; burning)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • rua
  • (being in a state of ignition; burning): beo

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

dearg (present analytic deargann, future analytic deargfaidh, verbal noun deargadh, past participle deargtha)

  1. (transitive) to redden
  2. (transitive) to light (cigarette, pipe, etc.)

Conjugation[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
dearg dhearg ndearg
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

See also[edit]

Colors in Irish · dathanna (layout · text)
     bán      liath      dubh
             dearg; corcairdhearg              oráiste; donn              buí; bánbhuí
             uaine              glas             
             cian              gormghlas              gorm
             indeagó              maigeanta; corcra              bándearg

References[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish derg, from Proto-Celtic *dergos (red, crimson), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰerg- (to dim, darken); compare Old English deorc (dark) and Tocharian A tärkär/B tarkär (cloud).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dearg m (genitive singular deirg)

  1. red

Adjective[edit]

dearg (genitive singular masculine deirg, genitive singular feminine deirge, nominative plural dearga, comparative deirge)

  1. red
  2. reddish (forming compounds with other colours)
  3. complete, utter (as intensifier)

Declension[edit]

Case Masculine singular Feminine singular Plural
Nominative dearg dhearg dearga
Vocative dheirg dhearg dearga
Genitive dheirg dheirg/deirge dearga
Dative dearg dheirg dearga

Derived terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

dearg

  1. completely, utterly

See also[edit]

Colors in Scottish Gaelic · dathan (layout · text)
     bàn, geal      glas      dubh
             dearg; ruadh              orainds; donn              buidhe; donn
             uaine              uaine              gorm
             liath; glas              liath              gorm
             purpaidh; guirmean              pinc; purpaidh              pinc

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
dearg dhearg
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • dearg” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic–English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • derg”, in Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors, eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language, 2019