dearg

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish derg, from Proto-Celtic *dergos (red, crimson), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰerg- (to dim, darken); compare Old English deorc (dark) and Tocharian A tärkär/B tarkär (cloud).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

dearg (genitive singular masculine deirg, genitive singular feminine deirge, plural dearga, comparative deirge)

  1. red
  2. live (being in a state of ignition; burning)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • rua
  • (being in a state of ignition; burning): beo

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

dearg (present analytic deargann, future analytic deargfaidh, verbal noun deargadh, past participle deargtha)

  1. (transitive) to redden
  2. (transitive) to light (cigarette, pipe, etc.)

Conjugation[edit]

See also[edit]

Colors in Irish · dathanna (layout · text)
     dearg      glas      buí      bánbhuí      bán
     corcairdhearg      maigeanta      ?      ?      bándearg
     indeagó      gorm      oráiste      liath      ?
     dubh      corcra      donn      gormghlas      cian

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
dearg dhearg ndearg
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • (adjective):derg” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • (verb):dergaid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • (adjective): “dearg” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
  • (verb): “deargaim” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
  • "dearg" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish derg, from Proto-Celtic *dergos (red, crimson), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰerg- (to dim, darken); compare Old English deorc (dark) and Tocharian A tärkär/B tarkär (cloud).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dearg m (genitive singular deirg)

  1. red

Adjective[edit]

dearg (genitive singular masculine deirg, genitive singular feminine deirge, nominative plural dearga, comparative deirge)

  1. red
  2. reddish (forming compounds with other colours)
  3. complete, utter (as intensifier)

Declension[edit]

Case Masculine singular Feminine singular Plural
Nominative dearg dhearg dearga
Vocative dheirg dhearg dearga
Genitive dheirg dheirg/deirge dearga
Dative dearg dheirg dearga

Derived terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

dearg

  1. completely, utterly

See also[edit]

Colors in Scottish Gaelic · dathan (layout · text)
     dearg      uaine      buidhe      ?      bàn
     dubh-dhearg      magenta      dath a' chrann-lacha      gorm      pinc
     guirmean      gorm      orainds      glas      ?
     dubh      purpaidh      donn      liath      saidhean

References[edit]

  • derg” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.