green

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: gréén, Green, and Green.

English[edit]

Various shades of green
The interior of the mausoleum of Emir Ali in Shiraz, Iran, is green.

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English grene, from Old English grēne, from Proto-Germanic *grōniz (compare West Frisian grien, Dutch groen, Low German grön, green, greun, German grün, Swedish grön, Danish and Norwegian Nynorsk grøn, Norwegian Bokmål grønn), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰreh₁- (to grow). More at grow.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

green (comparative greener, superlative greenest)

  1. Having green as its color.
    The former flag of Libya is fully green.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, in The Celebrity:
      The day was cool and snappy for August, and the Rise all green with a lavish nature. Now we plunged into a deep shade with the boughs lacing each other overhead, and crossed dainty, rustic bridges over the cold trout-streams, the boards giving back the clatter of our horses' feet: [] .
  2. (figuratively, of people) Sickly, unwell.
    Sally looks pretty green — is she going to be sick?
  3. Unripe, said of certain fruits that change color when they ripen.
  4. (figuratively, of people) Inexperienced.
    John's kind of green, so take it easy on him this first week.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Sir Walter Scott
      I might be angry with the officious zeal which supposes that its green conceptions can instruct my grey hairs.
  5. (figuratively, of people) Naïve or unaware of obvious facts.
  6. (figuratively, of people) Overcome with envy.
    He was green with envy.
  7. (figuratively) Environmentally friendly.
    • 2013 May 10, Audrey Garric, “Urban canopies let nature bloom”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 188, number 22, page 30:
      As towns continue to grow, replanting vegetation has become a form of urban utopia and green roofs are spreading fast. Last year 1m square metres of plant-covered roofing was built in France, as much as in the US, and 10 times more than in Germany, the pioneer in this field.
  8. (cricket) Describing a pitch which, even if there is no visible grass, still contains a significant amount of moisture.
  9. (dated) Of bacon or similar smallgoods: unprocessed, raw, unsmoked; not smoked or spiced.[1]
  10. (dated) Not fully roasted; half raw.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Isaac Watts
      We say the meat is green when half roasted.
  11. Of freshly cut wood or lumber that has not been dried: containing moisture and therefore relatively more flexible or springy.
    That timber is still too green to be used.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  12. (wine) High or too high in acidity.
  13. Full of life and vigour; fresh and vigorous; new; recent.
    a green manhood;   a green wound
    • (Can we date this quote?) Edmund Burke
      as valid against such an old and beneficent government as against [] the greenest usurpation
  14. (Philippines) Having a sexual connotation.
  15. (particle physics) Having a color charge of green.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Pages starting with "green".

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “unsmoked bacon used to be called green bacon, though the term is losing currency” Delia Online: Bacon, including gammon

Noun[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

green (plural greens)

  1. The colour of growing foliage, as well as other plant cells containing chlorophyll; the colour between yellow and blue in the visible spectrum; one of the primary additive colour for transmitted light; the colour obtained by subtracting red and blue from white light using cyan and yellow filters.
    green colour:  
  2. (politics, sometimes capitalised) A member of a green party; an environmentalist.
    • 2013, Joe Smith, What Do Greens Believe?, →ISBN, page 62:
      How have greens sought to map an ecologically and socially sustainable future for society?
  3. (golf) A putting green, the part of a golf course near the hole.
    • 2010, Dan Jenkins, Fairways and Greens, →ISBN, page 233:
      There are eighteen holes but I dare any visitor to find more than, say, twelve fairways and seven or eight greens.
  4. (bowls) The surface upon which bowls is played.
  5. (snooker) One of the colour balls used in snooker, with a value of 3 points.
  6. (Britain) a public patch of land in the middle of a settlement.
  7. A grassy plain; a piece of ground covered with verdant herbage.
    • Milton
      o'er the smooth enamelled green
  8. (chiefly in the plural) Fresh leaves or branches of trees or other plants; wreaths.
    • Alexander Pope
      In that soft season when descending showers / Call forth the greens, and wake the rising flowers.
  9. Any substance or pigment of a green colour.
  10. (Britain, slang, uncountable) marijuana.
  11. (US, slang, uncountable) Money.
  12. (particle physics) One of the three color charges for quarks.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

green (third-person singular simple present greens, present participle greening, simple past and past participle greened)

  1. (transitive) To make (something) green, to turn (something) green.
    • Thomson
      Great spring before greened all the year.
  2. To become or grow green in colour.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Tennyson to this entry?)
    • Whittier
      by greening slope and singing flood
  3. (transitive) To add greenspaces to (a town, etc.).
    • 2000, AIA Guide to New York City (page 58)
      The newer 39-story, 1.5-million-square-foot tower occupies much of the original Shearson Garden, a larger parklet that briefly greened the construction site to be, and is remembered fondly by nearby Tribecans.
  4. (intransitive) To become environmentally aware.
  5. (transitive) To make (something) environmentally friendly.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Colors in English · colors, colours (layout · text)
     white      gray, grey      black      brown
             pink              red ; crimson              orange              yellow ; cream
             lime              green                           cyan ; teal
             azure, sky blue              blue              violet ; indigo              magenta ; purple

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English green.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

green m

  1. (slang, golf) green (a putting green; the part of a golf course near the hole)

Usage notes[edit]

Although the official term for the green is jamkoviště, it is rarely used in practice. Instead, unofficial Czech versions of the English word green, variously spelled green, grýn, and grín, are used in practice.[1]

Declension[edit]

References[edit]


Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

green c (definite singular greenen, indefinite plural greens, definite plural greenene)

  1. (golf) a green, putting green (the closely mown area surrounding each hole on a golf course)

German Low German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

green

  1. (Low Prussian) green

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old French greer; equivalent to gre +‎ -en.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

green (Late ME)

  1. To come to an understanding or agreement.
  2. (rare) To make a compact of reconciliation.

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


North Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Frisian grēne, which derives from Proto-Germanic *grōniz.

Adjective[edit]

green

  1. (Föhr-Amrum) green

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Noun[edit]

green m (definite singular greenen, indefinite plural greener, definite plural greenene)

  1. (golf) a green, putting green (the closely mown area surrounding each hole on a golf course)

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Noun[edit]

green m (definite singular greenen, indefinite plural greenar, definite plural greenane)

  1. (golf) a green or putting green (the closely mown area surrounding each hole on a golf course)

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

green c

  1. (golf) a green, putting green (the closely mown area around a hole on a golf course)

Declension[edit]

Declension of green 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative green greenen greener greenerna
Genitive greens greenens greeners greenernas