green

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See also: gréén, Green, and Green.

English[edit]

Various shades of green

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English grene, from Old English grēne, from Proto-West Germanic *grōnī, from Proto-Germanic *grōniz (compare North Frisian green, West Frisian grien, Dutch groen, Low German grön, green, greun, German grün, Danish and Norwegian Nynorsk grøn, Swedish grön, Norwegian Bokmål grønn, Icelandic grænn), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰreh₁- (to grow). More at grow.

Adjective[edit]

green (comparative greener, superlative greenest)

  1. Having green as its color.
    The former flag of Libya is fully green.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, in The Celebrity:
      The day was cool and snappy for August, and the Rise all green with a lavish nature. Now we plunged into a deep shade with the boughs lacing each other overhead, and crossed dainty, rustic bridges over the cold trout-streams, the boards giving back the clatter of our horses' feet: [] .
  2. (figuratively, of people) Sickly, unwell.
    Sally looks pretty green — is she going to be sick?
  3. Unripe, said of certain fruits that change color when they ripen.
  4. (figuratively, of people) Inexperienced.
    John's kind of green, so take it easy on him this first week.
  5. (figuratively, of people) Naive or unaware of obvious facts.
  6. (figuratively, of people) Overcome with envy.
    He was green with envy.
  7. (figuratively) Environmentally friendly.
    • 2013 May 10, Audrey Garric, “Urban canopies let nature bloom”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 188, number 22, page 30:
      As towns continue to grow, replanting vegetation has become a form of urban utopia and green roofs are spreading fast. Last year 1m square metres of plant-covered roofing was built in France, as much as in the US, and 10 times more than in Germany, the pioneer in this field.
  8. (cricket) Describing a pitch which, even if there is no visible grass, still contains a significant amount of moisture.
  9. (dated) Of bacon or similar smallgoods: unprocessed, raw, unsmoked; not smoked or spiced.[1]
  10. (dated) Not fully roasted; half raw.
    • (Can we date this quote by Isaac Watts and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      We say the meat is green when half roasted.
  11. Of freshly cut wood or lumber that has not been dried: containing moisture and therefore relatively more flexible or springy.
    That timber is still too green to be used.
  12. (wine) High or too high in acidity.
  13. Full of life and vigour; fresh and vigorous; new; recent.
    a green manhood;   a green wound
    • (Can we date this quote by Edmund Burke and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      as valid against such an old and beneficent government as against [] the greenest usurpation
  14. (Philippines) Having a sexual connotation.
  15. (particle physics) Having a color charge of green.
  16. Being or relating to the green currencies of the European Union.
    the green pound; the green lira
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Pages starting with “green”.

Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

See green/translations § Adjective

References[edit]
  1. ^ “unsmoked bacon used to be called green bacon, though the term is losing currency” Delia Online: Bacon, including gammon

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English grene, from the adjective (see above).

Noun[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

green (plural greens)

  1. The colour of growing foliage, as well as other plant cells containing chlorophyll; the colour between yellow and blue in the visible spectrum; one of the primary additive colour for transmitted light; the colour obtained by subtracting red and blue from white light using cyan and yellow filters.
    green colour:  
    • 2015, Alison Matthews David, Fashion Victims: The Damages of Dress Past and Present, →ISBN, page 81:
      In a period of increasing industrialization and the palette of grey, brown, and black that came to dominate the modern city, greens provided a refreshing contrast, seemingly bringing the outdoors in.
  2. (politics, sometimes capitalised) A member of a green party; an environmentalist.
    • 2013, Joe Smith, What Do Greens Believe?, →ISBN, page 62:
      How have greens sought to map an ecologically and socially sustainable future for society?
  3. (golf) A putting green, the part of a golf course near the hole.
    • 2010, Dan Jenkins, Fairways and Greens, →ISBN, page 233:
      There are eighteen holes but I dare any visitor to find more than, say, twelve fairways and seven or eight greens.
  4. (bowls) The surface upon which bowls is played.
  5. (snooker) One of the colour balls used in snooker, with a value of 3 points.
  6. (Britain) a public patch of land in the middle of a settlement.
  7. A grassy plain; a piece of ground covered with verdant herbage.
  8. (chiefly in the plural) Fresh leaves or branches of trees or other plants; wreaths.
    • 1715, Alexander Pope, The Temple of Fame:
      In that soft season when descending show'rs / Call forth the greens, and wake the rising flowers.
  9. Any substance or pigment of a green colour.
  10. (Britain, slang, uncountable) marijuana.
  11. (US, slang, uncountable) Money.
  12. (particle physics) One of the three color charges for quarks.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

See green/translations § Noun

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English grenen, from Old English grēnian (to become green, flourish), from Proto-Germanic *grōnijōną, *grōnijaną (to become green), from the adjective (see above). Cognate with Saterland Frisian gräinje, German Low German grönen, German grünen, Swedish gröna, Icelandic gróna.

Verb[edit]

green (third-person singular simple present greens, present participle greening, simple past and past participle greened)

  1. (transitive) To make (something) green, to turn (something) green.
    • (Can we date this quote by Thomson and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      Great spring before greened all the year.
  2. To become or grow green in colour.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Tennyson to this entry?)
    • (Can we date this quote by Whittier and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      by greening slope and singing flood
  3. (transitive) To add greenspaces to (a town, etc.).
    • 2000, AIA Guide to New York City (page 58)
      The newer 39-story, 1.5-million-square-foot tower occupies much of the original Shearson Garden, a larger parklet that briefly greened the construction site to be, and is remembered fondly by nearby Tribecans.
  4. (intransitive) To become environmentally aware.
  5. (transitive) To make (something) environmentally friendly.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

See green/translations § Verb

See also[edit]

  • Appendix:Colors
  • Colors in English · colors, colours (layout · text)
         white      gray, grey      black
                 red; crimson              orange; brown              yellow; cream
                 lime              green              mint
                 cyan; teal              azure, sky blue              blue
                 violet; indigo              magenta; purple              pink

    Anagrams[edit]


    Czech[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From English green.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    green m

    1. (slang, golf) green (a putting green; the part of a golf course near the hole)

    Usage notes[edit]

    Although the official term for the green is jamkoviště, it is rarely used in practice. Instead, unofficial Czech versions of the English word green, variously spelled green, grýn, and grín, are used in practice.[1]

    Declension[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ “Golf Club Hradec Králové, Jan. 6, 2010”, in (Please provide the title of the work)[1], accessed 6 January 2010, archived from the original on 16 May 2010

    Danish[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From English green.

    Noun[edit]

    green c (definite singular greenen, indefinite plural greens, definite plural greenene)

    1. (golf) a green, putting green (the closely mown area surrounding each hole on a golf course)

    Further reading[edit]


    Dutch[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Borrowed from North Germanic, from Old Norse grǫn.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    green m (plural grenen)

    1. (obsolete) Scots pine, Pinus sylvestris
      Synonym: grove den
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Borrowed from English green.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    green m (plural greens)

    1. (golf) green, putting green

    German Low German[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Adjective[edit]

    green

    1. (Low Prussian) green

    Middle English[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Borrowed from Old French greer; equivalent to gre +‎ -en.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Verb[edit]

    green (Late Middle English)

    1. To come to an understanding or agreement.
    2. (rare) To make a compact of reconciliation.

    Conjugation[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    • English: gree (obsolete)
    • Scots: gree

    References[edit]


    North Frisian[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Old Frisian grēne, from Proto-West Germanic *grōnī, from Proto-Germanic *grōniz.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Adjective[edit]

    green

    1. (Föhr-Amrum, Sylt) green

    Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    green m (definite singular greenen, indefinite plural greener, definite plural greenene)

    1. (golf) a green, putting green (the closely mown area surrounding each hole on a golf course)

    Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    green m (definite singular greenen, indefinite plural greenar, definite plural greenane)

    1. (golf) a green or putting green (the closely mown area surrounding each hole on a golf course)

    Swedish[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    green c

    1. (golf) a green, putting green (the closely mown area around a hole on a golf course)

    Declension[edit]

    Declension of green 
    Singular Plural
    Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
    Nominative green greenen greener greenerna
    Genitive greens greenens greeners greenernas

    Anagrams[edit]