green

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: gréén, Green, and Green.

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Various shades of green

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English grene, from Old English grēne, from Proto-West Germanic *grōnī, from Proto-Germanic *grōniz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰreh₁- (to grow). More at grow.

See also North Frisian green, West Frisian grien, Dutch groen, Low German grön, green, greun, German grün, Danish and Norwegian Nynorsk grøn, Swedish grön, Norwegian Bokmål grønn, Icelandic grænn.

Adjective[edit]

green (comparative greener, superlative greenest)

  1. Of a green hue; with a hue which is of grass or leaves.
    Synonyms: verdant, vert
    Antonyms: nongreen, ungreen
    The former flag of Libya is fully green.
    • 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter VIII, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., →OCLC:
      The day was cool and snappy for August, and the Rise all green with a lavish nature. Now we plunged into a deep shade with the boughs lacing each other overhead, and crossed dainty, rustic bridges over the cold trout-streams, the boards giving back the clatter of our horses' feet: [] .
  2. (figurative, of people) Sickly, unwell.
    Sally looks pretty green—is she going to be sick?
  3. Unripe, said of certain fruits that change color when they ripen.
    Antonym: ripe
  4. (figurative) Inexperienced.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:inexperienced
    John's kind of green, so take it easy on him this first week.
    • 1822, [Walter Scott], Peveril of the Peak. [], volumes (please specify |volume=I to IV), Edinburgh: [] Archibald Constable and Co.; London: Hurst, Robinson, and Co., →OCLC:
      I might be angry [] with the officious zeal which supposes that its green conceptions can instruct my grey hairs.
    • 2008, Richard R. Rust, Renegade Champion: The Unlikely Rise of Fitzrada, page 91:
      He acted like a green racehorse, plunging over his jumps, tearing to the front of the field of riders.
  5. (politics, sometimes capitalised) Islamist.
    • 1999, Roxanne L. Euben, Enemy in the Mirror: Islamic Fundamentalism and the Limits of Modern Rationalism[2], page 6:
      In its most extreme formulation, this vision has devolved into a caricature of Islam as the "Green Peril" (green is the colour of Islam) advancing across the world stage, an image that echoes both the "Red Menace" of Cold War discourse and anti-Asian polemics about the "Yellow Peril".
    • 2006, Benjamin Soares, Muslim-Christian encounters in Africa[3], page 11:
      Some politicians tried to encourage this replacement of the red with a green menace.
    • 2009, Douglas Little, American Orientalism: The United States and the Middle East since 1945[4], page 317:
      While Bill Clinton struggled during the 1990s to bring order to a chaotic world increasingly wracked by ethnic and religious conflict, critics detected signs that a new "green" threat - radical Islam - was supplanting the earlier "red threat" - international communism - that had kept every president from Harry Truman to Ronald Reagan awake at night.
  6. (figurative) Full of life and vigour; fresh and vigorous; new; recent.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:new
    a green manhood
    a green wound
  7. (figurative, of people) Naive or unaware of obvious facts.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:gullible
  8. (figurative, of people) Overcome with envy.
    He was green with envy.
  9. (figurative) Environmentally friendly.
    Synonym: eco-friendly
    green energy
    • 2013 May 10, Audrey Garric, “Urban canopies let nature bloom”, in The Guardian Weekly[5], volume 188, number 22, page 30:
      As towns continue to grow, replanting vegetation has become a form of urban utopia and green roofs are spreading fast. Last year 1m square metres of plant-covered roofing was built in France, as much as in the US, and 10 times more than in Germany, the pioneer in this field.
    • 2021 May 18, Jack Ewing, Lauren Hirsch, “The Big Money Is Going Vegan”, in The New York Times[6], →ISSN:
      Oatly said it hoped Blackstone’s investment would inspire other private equity firms “to steer their collective worth of $4 trillion into green investments.”
  10. (cricket) Describing a pitch which, even if there is no visible grass, still contains a significant amount of moisture.
  11. (dated) Of bacon or similar smallgoods: unprocessed, raw, unsmoked; not smoked or spiced.[1]
    Synonyms: raw, unprocessed, unsmoked
    Antonyms: processed, smoked, spiced
  12. (dated) Not fully roasted; half raw.
    • 1725, Isaac Watts, Logick: Or, The Right Use of Reason in the Enquiry after Truth, [], 2nd edition, London: [] John Clark and Richard Hett, [], Emanuel Matthews, [], and Richard Ford, [], published 1726, →OCLC:
      We say the meat is green when half roasted.
  13. (film, television, historical) Of film: freshly processed by the laboratory and not yet fully physically hardened.
    • 1947, Theatre Catalog, volume 5, page 570:
      Following initial drying of film in a motion picture laboratory (after treatment in a hardening-fixing bath) the gelatin structure of an emulsion contracts and is permanently changed. The hardening action still continues for a time as a further small amount of residual moisture is given up. While traces of excess moisture remain, the emulsion is "green," relatively soft, []
    • 1961, American Cinematographer, volume 42, page 618:
      [] attaching pre-photographed and pre-printed footage of a focusing chart to daily film footage without taking into consideration that such film may be worn or dried out and therefore, in its plane of best focus, would not be identical to that of the green film of the daily rushes.
  14. Of freshly cut wood or lumber that has not been dried: containing moisture and therefore relatively more flexible or springy.
    That timber is still too green to be used.
  15. (wine) High or too high in acidity.
    Synonym: tart
    Antonyms: cloy, sweet
  16. (Philippines) Having a sexual connotation.
  17. (particle physics) Having a color charge of green.
    Antonym: antigreen
  18. Being or relating to the green currencies of the European Union.
    the green pound
    the green lira
  19. (academia) Subject to or involving a model of open access in which a published article is only available for to read for free after an embargo period.
    Coordinate term: gold
Derived terms[edit]

Pages starting with “green”.

Descendants[edit]
  • Bislama: grin
  • Marshallese: kūriin
  • Tok Pisin: grin
Translations[edit]
References[edit]
  1. ^ “unsmoked bacon used to be called green bacon, though the term is losing currency” Delia Online: Bacon, including gammon

Noun[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

green (countable and uncountable, plural greens)

  1. The colour of grass and leaves; a primary additive colour midway between yellow and cyan which is evoked by light between roughly roughly 495–570 nm.
    green:  
    bright green :  
    • 2015, Alison Matthews David, Fashion Victims: The Damages of Dress Past and Present, →ISBN, page 81:
      In a period of increasing industrialization and the palette of grey, brown, and black that came to dominate the modern city, greens provided a refreshing contrast, seemingly bringing the outdoors in.
  2. (politics, sometimes capitalised) A member of a green party; an environmentalist.
    Synonyms: environmentalist, (Australian) greenie, tree hugger, treehugger
    Hyponyms: blue green, red green
    • 2013, Joe Smith, What Do Greens Believe?, →ISBN, page 62:
      How have greens sought to map an ecologically and socially sustainable future for society?
  3. (golf) A putting green, the part of a golf course near the hole.
    • 1964 June 16, Arnold Palmer, quotee, “All Eyes On Lema At U.S. Open This Week”, in The Indianapolis Star, volume 62, number 11, Indianapolis, Ind., page 22:
      I gave him my putter earlier this year in Oklahoma City. He was having trouble on the greens and I said, ‘Here, try this.’ He did, and he’s been going great guns ever since.
    • 2010, Dan Jenkins, Fairways and Greens, →ISBN, page 233:
      There are eighteen holes but I dare any visitor to find more than, say, twelve fairways and seven or eight greens.
  4. (bowls) The surface upon which bowls is played.
    Synonym: bowling green
  5. (snooker) One of the colour balls used in snooker, with a value of 3 points.
  6. (Britain) a public patch of land in the middle of a settlement.
  7. A grassy plain; a piece of ground covered with verdant herbage.
  8. (chiefly in the plural) Fresh leaves or branches of trees or other plants; wreaths.
  9. Any substance or pigment of a green colour.
  10. A green light used as a signal.
    • 1992, “How to Avoid the Most Embarrassing of Pilot Errors”, in Flying Magazine, volume 119, number 6, page 94:
      To the casual cockpit observer, landing-gear operation appears to be one of the most elementary tasks we have to perform. Either the switch is up and the lights are out, or it's down and there are three greens.
  11. (uncountable, slang) Marijuana.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:marijuana
    • 2003, “Soap Bar”, in The Manifesto[8], performed by Goldie Looking Chain:
      You're better of smoking the green instead cause it don't blim-burn and it's better for your head.
    • 2005, “Drive Slow”, in Late Registration, performed by Kanye West:
      They see me, hoes actin like they seen a king / With that mean lean, smokin on that finest Cali green
  12. (US, slang, uncountable) Money.
  13. (particle physics) One of the three color charges for quarks.
  14. (theater, informal) Short for green room.
    • 2016, Bruce Montague, The Book of Shakespearian Useless Information:
      Today, actors say off-handedly, 'See you on the green' or 'I'll be in the green room' without giving the expressions much thought. In Shakespeare's day, actors changed behind the stage in the 'tiring house', []
Derived terms[edit]
Place names which include "Green"
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English grenen, from Old English grēnian (to become green, flourish), from Proto-West Germanic *grōnijan, from Proto-Germanic *grōnijōną, *grōnijaną (to become green), from the adjective (see above).

Cognate with Saterland Frisian gräinje, German Low German grönen, German grünen, Swedish gröna, Icelandic gróna.

Verb[edit]

green (third-person singular simple present greens, present participle greening, simple past and past participle greened)

  1. (transitive) To make (something) green, to turn (something) green.
  2. To become or grow green in colour.
  3. (transitive) To add greenspaces to (a town, etc.).
    • 2000, AIA Guide to New York City, page 58:
      The newer 39-story, 1.5-million-square-foot tower occupies much of the original Shearson Garden, a larger parklet that briefly greened the construction site to be, and is remembered fondly by nearby Tribecans.
  4. (intransitive) To become environmentally aware.
  5. (transitive) To make (something) environmentally friendly.
    • 2023 June 28, Conrad Landin, “Network News: Scottish 4.8% rail fares rise labelled 'bad news'”, in RAIL, number 986, page 18:
      "The SNP like to talk the talk about net zero targets, but they can't walk the walk. We need a fares freeze for everyone if we want to get serious about greening the economy and a public railway run in the public interest."
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Colors in English · colors, colours (layout · text)
     white      gray, grey, silver      black
             red; crimson              orange; brown              yellow; cream
             lime green              green              mint green; dark green
             cyan; teal              azure, sky blue              blue
             violet; indigo              magenta; purple              pink

Anagrams[edit]

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Derived from English green.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

green m inan

  1. (slang, golf) green (a putting green; the part of a golf course near the hole)

Usage notes[edit]

Although the official term for the green is jamkoviště, it is rarely used in practice. Instead, unofficial Czech versions of the English word green, variously spelled green, grýn, and grín, are used in practice.[1]

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “Golf Club Hradec Králové, Jan. 6, 2010”, in (please provide the title of the work)[1], accessed 6 January 2010, archived from the original on 2010-05-16

Further reading[edit]

  • green in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English green.

Noun[edit]

green c (definite singular greenen, indefinite plural greens, definite plural greenene)

  1. (golf) a green, putting green (the closely mown area surrounding each hole on a golf course)

Further reading[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from North Germanic, from Old Norse grǫn.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

green m (plural grenen)

  1. (obsolete) Scots pine, Pinus sylvestris
    Synonym: grove den
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English green.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

green m (plural greens)

  1. (golf) green, putting green
Derived terms[edit]

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

green m (plural greens)

  1. (golf) green

German Low German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

green

  1. (Low Prussian) green

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old French greer; equivalent to gre +‎ -en (infinitival suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

green (Late Middle English)

  1. To come to an understanding or agreement.
  2. (rare) To make a compact of reconciliation.

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

North Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Frisian grēne, from Proto-West Germanic *grōnī, from Proto-Germanic *grōniz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

green

  1. (Föhr-Amrum, Sylt) green

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Noun[edit]

green m (definite singular greenen, indefinite plural greener, definite plural greenene)

  1. (golf) a green, putting green (the closely mown area surrounding each hole on a golf course)

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Noun[edit]

green m (definite singular greenen, indefinite plural greenar, definite plural greenane)

  1. (golf) a green or putting green (the closely mown area surrounding each hole on a golf course)

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English green.

Noun[edit]

green n (plural greenuri)

  1. putting green

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • green in Academia Română, Micul dicționar academic, ediția a II-a, Bucharest: Univers Enciclopedic, 2010. →ISBN

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English green.

Noun[edit]

green m (plural greens or greenes)

  1. (golf) green

Usage notes[edit]

According to Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) prescriptions, unadapted foreign words should be written in italics in a text printed in roman type, and vice versa, and in quotation marks in a manuscript text or when italics are not available. In practice, this RAE prescription is not always followed.

Further reading[edit]

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English green

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

green c

  1. (golf) a green, putting green (the closely mown area around a hole on a golf course)

Declension[edit]

Declension of green 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative green greenen greener greenerna
Genitive greens greenens greeners greenernas

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Yola[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English grene, from Old English grēne, from Proto-West Germanic *grōnī.

Adjective[edit]

green

  1. green
    • 1867, “A YOLA ZONG”, in SONGS, ETC. IN THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, number 10, page 88:
      Oore hart cam' t' oore mouth, an zo w' all ee green;
      Our hearts came to our mouth, and so with all in the green;

References[edit]

  • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 88
Colors in Yola · [Term?] (layout · text)
     whit, baun      gry      bhlock, blaak
             reed              yulloureed              yullou, ghou, buee
             *leem green              green              *meente
             blúegreen              *asure              blúe
                          purple              rowse