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See also: Vireo


English Wikipedia has an article on:
Black-whiskered vireos, Vireo altiloquus


From Latin vireo.


vireo (plural vireos or vireoes)

  1. Any of a number of small insectivorous passerine birds, of the genus Vireo, that have grey-green plumage.
    • 1998, Sally Roth, Attracting Birds to Your Backyard, page 257,
      The voices of male vireos are a constant in the spring woodland, providing background music to the longer, prettier songs of tanagers and thrushes. Vireos tend to sing in bursts interrupted by short or long pauses.
    • 2007, Jonathan Elphick, The Atlas of Bird Migration: Tracing the Great Journeys of the World's Birds, page 72,
      Uniquely American, the vireos are a group of some 46 foliage-gleaning forest birds with uncertain family connections. Vireo species are about equally divided between North and South America, with one, the Black-whiskered Vireo, largely restricted to the West Indies. Several vireos make long migratory journeys; all are nocturnal migrants.
    • 2012, Eloise Potter, Birds of the Carolinas, Easyread Large Edition, page 94,
      This[the white-eyed vireo] is our only vireo that has two white wing bars, yellow spectacles, and yellow sides.
  2. (in plural) Any bird of the family Vireonidae, which includes vireos, shrike-vireos, greenlets and peppershrikes.
    • 1950, Ernest Sheldon Booth, Birds of the West, page 282,
      Family Vireonidae
      The vireos are slim grayish green birds that stay high up in the trees most of the time.

Usage notes[edit]

The alternative plural form vireoes appears to be relatively rare and dated.

Derived terms[edit]


Further reading[edit]




  1. vireo (bird of the genus Vireo)


Inflection of vireo (Kotus type 3/valtio, no gradation)
nominative vireo vireot
genitive vireon vireoiden
partitive vireota vireoita
illative vireoon vireoihin
singular plural
nominative vireo vireot
accusative nom. vireo vireot
gen. vireon
genitive vireon vireoiden
partitive vireota vireoita
inessive vireossa vireoissa
elative vireosta vireoista
illative vireoon vireoihin
adessive vireolla vireoilla
ablative vireolta vireoilta
allative vireolle vireoille
essive vireona vireoina
translative vireoksi vireoiksi
instructive vireoin
abessive vireotta vireoitta
comitative vireoineen




From a Proto-Indo-European root referring to growing plants; see also Old English wise (stalk, sprout), Old Norse visir (sprout, bud), Lithuanian veisti (propagate)



vireō (present infinitive virēre, perfect active viruī); second conjugation, no passive

  1. I am verdant, green; I sprout new green growth.
  2. I flourish; I am lively, vigorous.


   Conjugation of vireo (second conjugation, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present vireō virēs viret virēmus virētis virent
imperfect virēbam virēbās virēbat virēbāmus virēbātis virēbant
future virēbō virēbis virēbit virēbimus virēbitis virēbunt
perfect viruī viruistī viruit viruimus viruistis viruērunt, viruēre
pluperfect virueram viruerās viruerat viruerāmus viruerātis viruerant
future perfect viruerō virueris viruerit viruerimus virueritis viruerint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present viream vireās vireat vireāmus vireātis vireant
imperfect virērem virērēs virēret virērēmus virērētis virērent
perfect viruerim viruerīs viruerit viruerīmus viruerītis viruerint
pluperfect viruissem viruissēs viruisset viruissēmus viruissētis viruissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present virē virēte
future virētō virētō virētōte virentō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives virēre viruisse
participles virēns
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
virēre virendī virendō virendum

Derived terms[edit]


vireō m (genitive vireōnis); third declension

  1. a bird, probably the greenfinch.


Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative vireō vireōnēs
Genitive vireōnis vireōnum
Dative vireōnī vireōnibus
Accusative vireōnem vireōnēs
Ablative vireōne vireōnibus
Vocative vireō vireōnēs



  • vireo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vireo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vireo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) bodily strength: vires corporis or merely vires
    • (ambiguous) to gain strength: vires colligere
    • (ambiguous) to lose strength: vires aliquem deficiunt
    • (ambiguous) as long as one's strength holds out: dum vires suppetunt
    • (ambiguous) to become old and feeble: vires consenescunt