blow

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Blow and b'low

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English blowen, from Old English blāwan (to blow, breathe, inflate, sound), from Proto-Germanic *blēaną (to blow) (compare German blähen), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰleh₁- (to swell, blow up) (compare Latin flō (to blow) and Old Armenian բեղուն (bełun, fertile)).

Verb[edit]

blow (third-person singular simple present blows, present participle blowing, simple past blew, past participle blown)

  1. (intransitive) To produce an air current.
  2. (transitive) To propel by an air current.
    Blow the dust off that book and open it up.
  3. (intransitive) To be propelled by an air current.
    The leaves blow through the streets in the fall.
  4. (transitive) To create or shape by blowing; as in to blow bubbles, to blow glass.
  5. To force a current of air upon with the mouth, or by other means.
    to blow the fire
  6. To clear of contents by forcing air through.
    to blow an egg
    to blow one's nose
  7. (transitive) To cause to make sound by blowing, as a musical instrument.
  8. (intransitive) To make a sound as the result of being blown.
    In the harbor, the ships' horns blew.
  9. (intransitive, of a cetacean) To exhale visibly through the spout the seawater which it has taken in while feeding.
    There's nothing more thrilling to the whale watcher than to see a whale surface and blow.
    There she blows! (i.e. "I see a whale spouting!")
  10. (intransitive) To explode.
    Get away from that burning gas tank! It's about to blow!
  11. (transitive, with "up" or with prep phrase headed by "to") To cause to explode, shatter, or be utterly destroyed.
    The demolition squad neatly blew the old hotel up.
    The aerosol can was blown to bits.
  12. (transitive) To cause sudden destruction of.
    He blew the tires and the engine.
  13. (intransitive) To suddenly fail destructively.
    He tried to sprint, but his ligaments blew and he was barely able to walk to the finish line.
  14. (intransitive) (used to express displeasure or frustration) Damn.
  15. (intransitive, slang) To be very undesirable. (See also suck.)
    This blows!
  16. (transitive, slang) To recklessly squander.
    • 1932, Delos W. Lovelace, King Kong, published 1965, page 136:
      ‘Holy Mackerel, Ann! I’m certainly glad we blew ourselves for that outfit of yours.’
    I managed to blow $1000 at blackjack in under an hour.
    I blew $35 thou on a car.
    We blew an opportunity to get benign corporate sponsorship.
  17. (transitive, vulgar) To fellate; to perform oral sex on (usually a man)
    Who did you have to blow to get those backstage passes?
  18. (transitive, slang) To leave, especially suddenly or in a hurry.
    Let's blow this joint.
  19. To make flyblown, to defile, especially with fly eggs.
  20. (obsolete) To spread by report; to publish; to disclose.
    • (Can we date this quote by Dryden and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Through the court his courtesy was blown.
    • (Can we date this quote by Whiting and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      His language does his knowledge blow.
  21. (obsolete) To inflate, as with pride; to puff up.
  22. (intransitive) To breathe hard or quick; to pant; to puff.
  23. (transitive) To put out of breath; to cause to blow from fatigue.
    to blow a horse
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Sir Walter Scott to this entry?)
  24. (obsolete) To talk loudly; to boast; to storm.
    • (Can we date this quote by Bartlett and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      You blow behind my back, but dare not say anything to my face.
  25. (slang, informal, African-American Vernacular) To sing
    That girl has a wonderful voice; just listen to her blow!
  26. (Scientology, intransitive) To leave the Church of Scientology in an unauthorized manner.
Derived terms[edit]
Terms derived from blow (verb)
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Noun[edit]

blow (plural blows)

  1. A strong wind.
    We're having a bit of a blow this afternoon.
  2. (informal) A chance to catch one’s breath.
    The players were able to get a blow during the last timeout.
  3. (uncountable, US, slang) Cocaine.
  4. (uncountable, Britain, slang) Cannabis.
  5. (uncountable, US Chicago Regional, slang) Heroin.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English blo, bloo, from Old English blāw (blue), from Proto-Germanic *blēwaz (blue, dark blue, grey, black), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰlēw- (yellow, blond, grey). Cognate with Latin flavus (yellow). Doublet of blue.

Adjective[edit]

blow (comparative blower or more blow, superlative blowest or most blow)

  1. (now chiefly dialectal, Northern England) Blue.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English blowe, blaw, northern variant of blēwe, from Proto-Germanic *blewwaną (to beat) (compare Old Norse blegði (wedge), German bläuen, Middle Dutch blouwen). Related to block.

Noun[edit]

blow (plural blows)

  1. The act of striking or hitting.
    A fabricator is used to direct a sharp blow to the surface of the stone.
    During an exchange to end round 13, Duran landed a blow to the midsection.
    Synonyms: bace, strike, hit, punch
  2. A sudden or forcible act or effort; an assault.
    • (Can we date this quote by T. Arnold and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      A vigorous blow might win [Hanno's camp].
  3. A damaging occurrence.
    A further blow to the group came in 1917 when Thomson died while canoeing in Algonquin Park.
    • c. 1603–1606, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of King Lear”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene vi]:
      a most poor man, made tame to fortune's blows
    • 2011 April 15, Saj Chowdhury, “Norwich 2 - 1 Nott'm Forest”, in BBC Sport[1]:
      Norwich returned to second in the Championship with victory over Nottingham Forest, whose promotion hopes were dealt another blow.
    Synonyms: disaster, calamity
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From Middle English blowen, from Old English blōwan, from Proto-Germanic *blōaną (compare Dutch bloeien, German blühen), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰleh₃- (compare Latin florēre (to bloom)).

Verb[edit]

blow (third-person singular simple present blows, present participle blowing, simple past blew, past participle blown)

  1. To blossom; to cause to bloom or blossom.
    • 1599, William Shakespeare, Much Ado About Nothing, Act 4 Scene 1
      You seem to me as Dian in her orb,
      As chaste as is the bud ere it be blown;
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book 5
      How blows the citron grove.
    • 1784, William Cowper, Tirocinium; or, A Review of Schools:
      Boys are at best but pretty buds unblown,
      Whose scent and hues are rather guessed than known;
    • 2015 January 26, Mark Diacono, “How to grow and cook cauliflower, 2015's trendiest veg: Tricky to grow, boring to boil ... so why is the outmoded cauliflower back at the culinary cutting edge? [print version: Cauliflower power, 24 January 2015, p. G3]”, in The Daily Telegraph (Gardening)[2]:
      Romanesco is slow to blow and more forgiving to grow than most cauliflowers, while being perhaps the most delicious and certainly the nuttiest-flavoured of the lot.
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

blow (plural blows)

  1. A mass or display of flowers; a yield.
    • 1710, Joseph Addison, “From my own apartment, August 29”, in The Tatler[3], page 181:
      [] for that he believed he could shew me such a blow of tulips as was not to be matched in the whole country.
  2. A display of anything brilliant or bright.
  3. A bloom, state of flowering.
    Roses in full blow.
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Verb[edit]

blow

  1. Alternative form of blowen (to blow)